Famous Tsars from Tsarist Russia.
Created by 10cbenton on Apr 16, 2009
Last updated: 04/21/09 at 11:45 AM
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Died of Nephritis on October 20, 1894 at the summer palace at Livadia in the Crimea.
He was buried in St. Petersburg.
Assassinated by a bomb thrown into his carriage by a member of Narodnaya Volya (People's Will)
Westerners he was crude and not overly intelligent.
Originally his brother was supposed to be the next heir to the throne but sadly he died in 1865 which gave Alexander III free reign to take over the country.
His progroms: Tightened censorship of press
sent thousands of revolutionaries to siberia
In his Emancipation Manifesto, declared to have full faith in the justice and strength of the autocracy.
Referred to as, "Age of Counter Reform."
Military Operations in Central Asia
War with Turkey
Russian possessions in North America
Constitiuting the state of Alaska
Developed the Emancipation Manifesto right before he died.
Created the Zemstvo which is a local form of government.
Abolished serfdom and corporal punishment.
Established local self government
Initiated judicial reform
Revised the educational system
Developed a system of universal military service
Administration of the police was improved
Military operations were highly successful
Came to throne after the death of his father during the Crimean War.
He was the eldest son of Emporer Nicholas I and was crowned on August 26, 1856 in the Dormition Cathedral of the Moscow.
She was preparing for a war with France when she had a sudden stroke.
Emporer Paul I succeeded her.
Catherine and the imperial guard overthrew her husband, Peter in a palace coup. Catherine was then declared empress. Later Peter was killed by Orlov's brother.
Defeated the Ottoman Empire which extended Russia to shores of Black Sea.
Agreements with Prussia and Austria led to 3 partitions of Poland.
Russia extended well into central Europe.
Extremely sucessful foreign policy.
Continuation of westernization.
Won two wars against the Ottoman Empire.
Three partitions of Poland.
Convened the Legislative commission in 1767.
Developed Nakaz which was legal documents.
Created Hermitage Theatre.
Reports say that he died of a "chill."
He was buried in St. Petersburg.
Started Northern War with Sweden to gain access to Baltic Sea and Trade.
St. Petersburg was founded.
He ruled with his brother, Ivan V in 1682 until Ivan died in 1696. This declared Peter the official tsar.
Created regular army and navy.
Subjugated church to the state.
Introduced new administrative divisions including territorial.
Russia became a great European nation.
Proclaimed Russia an empire in 1721.
Crowned emporer of all russia.
Ruled under Russian Westernization.
In foreign affairs turmoil and disaster marked the latter part of Ivan's reign.
Ivan died on March 18 1584 when he was fell back from his chair. The cause of his death was unspecified but they thought it was a heart attack. He died outside of St. Basil's Cathedral.
Annexed 2/3 of Tatar states: Russia-Kazan in 1552 and Astrakhan in 1556.
Gained control of Volga River and access to Caspian Sea.
Trade contacts with English, French, and Dutch
Ivan watched Russia's vast expansion and later the near ruin of his country.
In the beginning of Ivan's reign, he worked with the "Chosen Council." During this, there was a number of reforms which brought stability. The country's law expanded and widely used. Infantry corps were created. They annexed many threats which soon got rid of military threats. He increased government ownership and control of land while weakening the enemy.
His later reign, he abandoned the capital by leaving it with some of his court. This caused punishments and the state to eventually be cut iin two. He showed major stress once he returned. He debated on whether the Livonian War should continue which set of the second most lethal stage of oprichnina. He ended up killing his son in 1582. His son was his only respectable heir.
He was a member of an organization that governed the division of Russia known as Oprichniki.
Ivan became tsar on January 16th, 1547. He was the first one in Russia to ever be titled as tsar.
The title "tsar" was intended to convey an exalted image of the ruler as the representative of God.