the Declaration of Independence is at once the nation's most cherished symbol of liberty and Jefferson's most enduring monument. The political philosophy of the Declaration was not new; its ideals of individual liberty had already been expressed by John Locke and the Continental philosophers.
The First Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from twelve of the thirteen North American colonies that met on September 5, 1774, and the Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that met beginning on May 10, 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, soon after warfare in the American Revolutionary War had begun.
Social Contract Theory is used metaphorically to suggest that a group of self-interested and rational individuals came together and formed a contract which created society. According to social contract theory, consent is the basis of government. It is because people have agreed to be ruled that governments are entitled to rule.
The Iroquois Nation is a confederation of five Native American tribes. The Iroquois are known for their sturdy longhouses and for being the oldest participatory democracy still in existence today. The Iroquois would be physical boudaries of the United States does not affect that psychological disposition of being separate peoples.
The English Bill of Rights grew out of the Glorious Revolution of 1688. The Bill of Rights combined past grievances against the deposed king with a more general statement of basic liberties. The Bill of Rights became one of the cornerstones of the unwritten English constitution. The Bill of Rights has also had a significant impact on U.S. law, with many of its provisions becoming part of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights.
The Fundamentals Orders of Connecticut adopted on January 24, 1639 it is considered the first Western style constitution and is the origin of Connecticut's nickname. The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut was a covenant by the settlers setting a system by which three towns governed themselves.
The Mayflower Compact is a written agreement composed by a consensus of new Settlers arriving at New Plymouth on November of 1620. The Mayflower Compact was drawn up with fair and equal laws, for the general good of the settlement and with the will of the majority, and all of the 41 adult male members on the Mayflower signed the Compact.
The Virginia House of Burgesses was the elected lower house in the legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619. This was the House of Burgesses, and it first met on July 30, 1619, at a church in Jamestown. Its first order of business was to set a minimum price for the sale of tobacco.
Magna Carta is an English charter, originally issued in the year 1215, and reissued later in the 13th century. Magna Carta was the first document forced onto an English King by a group of his subjects (the barons) in an attempt to limit his powers by law and protect their privileges.