Recent Event Highlights: Voting Rights Act of 1965, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Freedom Ride/ Freedom Riders, and 9 more...
Created by BreannaRR18 on May 3, 2011
Last updated: 05/05/11 at 09:25 PM
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-This made it easier for Southern blacks to register to vote. -Literacy tests, poll taxes, and other such requirements that were used to restrict black voting are made illegal. -The impact was that from then on African Americans had a much better chance at being able to vote.
-It was signed by President Lyndon Baines Johnson -The act specifically prohibited discrimination in voting, education, and the use of public facilities. -The impact was that it decreased segregation and it the Federal Government the power to enforce desegregation.
-The SNCC stands for the Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee) -A network of civil rights groups that includes CORE and SNCC, launched a massive effort to register black voters during what becomes known as the Freedom Summer. -The impact was that by 1969, 66.5% were registered to vote, 5.5% above the national average.
-About 200,000 people gathered at the Lincoln Memorial for the March on Washington. -Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. -The impact was that it proved the power of mass appeal and inspired imitators in the antiwar, feminist, and environmental movements.
-student volunteers begin taking bus trips through the South to test out new laws that prohibit segregation in interstate travel facilities, which includes bus and railway stations. -Many groups of these freedom riders were attacked by angry mobs along the way. -The impact of this was that it helped raise national awareness of the lack of civil rights in the South, inspiring wide support for the movement.
-Four African American boys from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College begin a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth's lunch counter. -African Amricans could sit at the lunch counter, but they could not be served. -The impact of this is that this event had is that it caused many other similar nonviolent protests throughout the south and even led to desegregation of that exact lunch counter just a few months later.
-Nine African Americans were blocked from entering an all white school in Little Rock Arkansas by governor Orval Faubus. -President Eisenhower sent in federal troops to assist the nine students into the school. -The impact this event had was that it gave more attention to segregation in schools and helped to decrease it.
-NAACP member Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat at the front of the "colored section" of a bus to a white passenger, defying a southern custom of the time. -This even caused the Bus Boycott which was when African Americans refused to ride the buses because they were segregated for over a year. -The impact was that the buses became desegregated Dec. 21, 1956.
-Two white men shot and killed 14 year old Emmet Till for allegedly whistling at a white woman. -The two men were found not guilty by an all white jury and later bragged about getting away with the murder. -The impact was that it made people realize how bad racism was and that something had to be done about it.
-9 year old Linda Carol Brown was not allowed to attend an all white school four blocks from her house, instead she had to walk twenty-one blocks to the nearest all black school. -NAACP argued that segregation was intellectually, psychologically, and financially damaging. -The impact was that the Supreme Court ruled segregation in schools unconstitutional and schools began allowing different races to attend the same school.
-30-year-old Homer Plessy was jailed for sitting in the "White" car of the East Louisiana Railroad. -Plessy could easily pass for white but under Louisiana law, he was considered black despite his light complexion and therefore required to sit in the "Colored" car. -The impact was the "Separate but Equal law" meaning blacks and whites still had to remain separate but both colored areas and white areas had to be the same.