Period 6-Mrs. Miller
Created by BrianCao on Mar 15, 2011
Last updated: 03/17/11 at 09:20 PM
The Battle of Hastings happened on October 14, 1066. It was fought between the countries, Normandy and England. The leader of the Norman army was Duke William II and the leader of the English army was King Harold II. The battle was fought on Senlac Hill, about 6 miles northwest of Hastings. The role that the Battle of Hastings played in spreading feudalism was that the feudal system was used in the Battle of Hastings.
William the Conqueror became the king of England in 1066 AD after the death of Edward the Conqueror. William the Conqueror lived in Normady, France and was the cousin of Edward the Conqueror. He built an army of 6,000 soldiers and he used that army to overcome England. William the Conqueror found a census which he used to find out how much he could tax his people. The census counted everything in the kingdom. The role that William the Conqueror played in spreading feudalism was that he used the feudal system in England.
Alfred the Great ruled England from 871 AD-899 AD. The title Great was given to him because he had a great leadership to the people and land that he ruled. He built a burh to defend against the attacking Anglo-Saxons in the 800's. Those burhs were the center of a local government. He also created the fyrd, his first army to defend England. He also created the first navy ships, built in the Danish fashion. The role that Alfred the Great played in spreading feudalism was that he used the feudal system in his government.
The Vikings began attacking southern France and the eastern coast of England around 793 AD. The Vikings raided the Roman territory around Constantinople. The Viking also destroyed an abbey on Lindisfarne on June 16, 793. In 844, a Viking fleet attacked Nantes, Toulouse, Gijon, Lisbon, and Seville, but the fleet was defeated. Between the years of 876-911, the Vikings began to colonize England and France. The Vikings also raided Ireland, Iceland, and areas in Russia. The Vikings attacked Ireland in 795 AD. They attacked England and Finland in 820 AD, Russia in 862 and 880 AD, Portugal, North Africa, and Sicily in 844 AD, Italy in 860 AD, Sicily and Constantinople in 839 AD, and northern Turkey. The role that the Vikings Invasions played in spreading feudalism was that the Vikings attacked feudal lords in western Europe.
Charlemagne was born in 742. He was one of the best medieval Christian king. He became king at the age of 29. He began the Crusades, conquered Bavania and Saxony, and turned them into Christian. He then protected Italy from the Saracens and he geminated the defense at Francia against the Moors. One time Charlemagne beheaded 4500 Saxon rebels because they didn't want to become Christian. The role that Charlemagne played in spreading feudalism was that he used the feudal system to control the government.
Pepin the Short was dedicated by the Pope as king in 752 AD. Pepin was God's chosen ruler. He promised the Pope that he will propose his protection to the Church. When the Church was attacked by a Germanic tribe called the Lombards, the Pope asked for aids from the Byzantine Empire, but they refused. Pepin the Short sent away the Lombards from Rome in 754 AD. The Catholic Church's and the Franks's ties were strong and the Catholic Church's and the Byzantines's ties were debilitated. The role that Pepin the Short played in spreading feudalism was that he started using the feudal system while he ruled.
The Battle of Tours was also called The Battle of Poitiers. The battle was fought between the cities of Poitiers and Tours. The role of the Battle of Tours in spreading feudalism was that it was the last battle before feudalism happened in Francia.
Charles Martel was born in 688 AD and died in 741 AD. He was a Frankish King. Chalres defeated the Muslims at the Battle of Tours in 732 AD. The Battle of Tours was important because it prevented the Muslims from conquering France. Charles became mayor and ruled half of the Franks in 719. In 724, Charles reunited the Franks. The role that Charles the Hammer played in spreading feudalism was that he was credited for the development of feudalism.
Justinian was the emperor of the Byzantine Empire. His wife is Theodora. Justinian and his wife lived in Constantinople. Justinian built the Hagia Sophia. He created a code of laws called the Justinian's Code. He was the first emperor in the Roman Empire to ran the Catholic Church. Justinian's army recaptured southern Spain, northern Africa, and Italy. The role that Justinian played in spreading feudalism was that he let the Franks reconquered the lands that he reconquered, so the Frank can spread feudalism to those lands.
The citizens of Constantinople were revolting against Justinian in Constantinople. The Nikka Revolts happened in the Hippodrome. The Nikka Revolts went on for one whole week. Finally, at the end of the revolt Justinian won. The role that the Nikka Revolts played in spreading feudalism was that it was also the start point of feudalism.
In 481 AD, A Merovinigian king named Clovis became King of the Franks. He was a cruel warrior on the battlefield. After claiming the throne for 15 years, Clovis adopted Christianity. Clovis also inspire his people to convert to Christianity. The role that Clovis played in spreading feudalism was that he spread feudalism to the lands that he conquered.
Benedict was born in 480 AD and died in 547 AD. Benedict was the founder of a new Christian movement. He ordered a community of monks in Italy and created a list of rules for them to live by. There are a lot of rules, but here are the most important rules in a monk's life. Rule 1: Cenobites, Anchorites, Sarabaites, and Gyrovagues defines four kinds of monks. Rule 2: Prohibits monks from defending one another. Rule 3: Prohibits monks from punching or fighting one another. The role that Benedict played in spreading feudalism was that he was a monk who lived under a feudal king.
One reason why Rome fell was that the Roman Empire was to large to ruled. The second reason why Rome fell was that Barbarian tribes attacked Rome in the North. The final reason why Rome fell was that the empire was weakened by Christianity. The role that the Sack of Rome played in spreading feudalism was that it was also the start point of feudalism.
The notorious Bayeux Tapestry represents the events from the beginning of the battle and during the battle. Battle Abbey in East Sussex was built on the site of the battle. The role that St. Patrick played in spreading feudalism was that he driven out a feudal Irish king named King Brud out of Ireland.
King Harold II was killed in the Battle of Hastings by being shot in the eye with an arrow. When Harold II died, William became the first Norman king as King William I of England. The role that St. Augustine played in spreading feudalism was that he taught about the decline of feudalism.
In the Middle Ages, countries in northern Europe were not Christian. Spain and Italy are common places that has Christianity. Then, Christianity started to spread through northern Europe by monks and missionaries. The role that Christianity played in spreading feudalism was that the religion and state (feudal) systems reinforced each other to control people.
In 330 AD, Justinian switch the capital of Rome to the Greek city of Byzantium which he renamed Constantinople. After that, Justinian began to changed the Roman Empire to the Byzantine Empire. Finally, the Turks who are Muslims conquered Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire fell. The role that the Byzantine Empire played in spreading feudalism was that the Byzantine Empire was the start point of feudalism.