The catholic king was removed from his throne and replaced by his Protestant son-in-law and daughter, William and Mary during the Glorious Revolution after his religious values were questioned. William ruled on his own after Mary died in 1694 until his death in 1702.
This revolution was the overthrowing of king James II. He was overthrown by a group of English Parliamentarians combined with an invading dutch army. He came into crisis after fathering a catholic son when up until that point the next in line for the thrown was his Protestant daughter Mary.
Christopher Wren was responsible for the rebuilding of St. Paul's Cathedral. This was quite possibly the largest project for Wren at this time. He attempted to salvage the burned-out Gothic church on the site, but failed and decided a new cathedral was in order.
Charles I, son of King James VI, never saw they day that he would take the throne. He was an important collector, as well as patron of painting, religious, and political tensions that erupted into the civil war that not only cost him the throne, but his live along with it.
Dominated English architecture after the death of Inigo Jones. Wren began his career as a professor of astronomy, leaving architecture on the back burners until 1665, when he ventured to France to further his education.After meeting French architects there, he returned to England with architecture books, engravings, and a greatly increased admiration for French Classical Baroque design.
Charles I commissioned Peter Paul Rubens to decorate the ceiling of the Banquet Hall. The flat ceiling was divided into nine compartments, for which Rubens painted canvas glorifying James I's reign. The painting display an image of the triumph of the Stuart dynasty with the king carried to heaven on clouds of glory.
The Banquet House was built to replace a previous one that had been destroyed by fire. It was used for court ceremonies and entertainments like the popular masques. This building consists of what appears to be two floors, but is actually only one. The west side decorated with pilasters on the end bays, with columns subtly placed to emphasize the three bays.
England and Scotland join under the throne of James VI of Scotland, ruling Britain as James I. He increased royal patronage of British artists, particularly greatly in the fields of literature and architecture.