In February 2010 Sudan is scheduled to hold its first democratic elections in 24 years. General elections are required by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, or CPA, which the ruling National Congress Party, or NCP, and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, or SPLM, signed in 2005 to end a second civil conflict between northern and southern Sudan that lasted two decades, killed two million people, and displaced four million more.
For over a century, the Congo has been plagued by regional conflict and a deadly scramble for its vast natural resources. In fact, the greed for Congo's wealth has been a principal driver of atrocities and conflict throughout Congo's tortured history. In eastern Congo today, resources are financing multiple armed groups, many of whom use rape as a deliberate tactic to drive the local population away from mines and other areas that they wish to control.
Here are the most important moments in Congo's conflict mineral history.
In advance of the upcoming quarterly deputies review of Sudan policy, the Enough Project releases a timeline examining the Obama administration's policy toward Sudan. In an open letter, John Norris and John Prendergast call on the administration to apply truth and consequences to the review process.