A timeline by the Enough Project that follows the major events in Uganda since independence and the two-decade insurgency by the Lord's Resistance Army, or LRA.
Created by Enough on Apr 22, 2009
Last updated: 03/11/10 at 07:05 PM
Ugandan, Congolese, and southern Sudanese militaries launch a joint military offensive, “Operation Lightning Thunder,” against the LRA in northeastern Congo. The offensive fails to apprehend Kony and his top commanders. In retaliation, the LRA kills hundreds of civilians in a series of attacks in northeastern Congo. (Al Jazeera Video)
The Juba Peace Talks are suspended indefinitely after Kony refuses to sign a final peace agreement.
Museveni initiates the Peace, Recovery, and Development Plan, or PRDP, to reconstruct and develop conflict-affected regions in the North. However, northern Ugandans express frustration with the lack of implementation of the plan. (IRIN Photo)
The Ugandan Parliament approves unlimited presidential terms in office and Museveni wins Uganda’s first multiparty elections since his rise to power in 1986. Peace talks between the Ugandan government and the LRA, mediated by the Government of Southern Sudan, begin in Juba, Sudan. (AP Photo)
The ICC issues arrest warrants for Joseph Kony and four of his top commanders. The LRA shifts its base of operations to northeastern Congo, underscoring the regional dimensions of the conflict. (Enough Photo)
LRA rebels kill more than 330 civilians, mostly women and children, in a single attack. The government and the LRA hold face-to-face negotiations, but fail to sign a peace agreement. (AP Photo)
President Museveni requests that the International Criminal Court, or ICC, investigate crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in northern Uganda. (The Reckoning Video)
With cooperation from the Sudanese government, Ugandan forces launch “Operation Iron Fist,” a cross-border operation into southern Sudan meant to definitively defeat the LRA. The mission fails and the LRA responds with brutal attacks against civilians in both northern Uganda and southern Sudan. (AP Photo)
U.S. government places the LRA on a list of terrorist organizations.
Stating its intent to prevent looting and abductions by the LRA, the Ugandan government forces more than two million people into “protected villages”. The conditions in these squalid camps create a humanitarian emergency. (IRIN Photo)
The Sudanese government begins to provide direct support to the LRA. In return, the LRA supports Khartoum’s war against the Sudan People’s Liberation Army in southern Sudan. (Sudanese president Omar al Bashir / Flickr Photo)
Kony, despite claiming to defend the rights of the Acholi in northern Uganda, launches a campaign of extreme brutality against them, murdering and mutilating civilians, pillaging villages, and abducting children to fill his ranks. (IRIN Photo)
Lakwena is defeated, and she flees to Kenya. Kony recruits her remaining forces and forms the Uganda People's Democratic Christian Army, which later becomes the Lord's Resistance Army, or LRA. (AP Photo)
Alice Lakwena, a young Acholi woman from northern Uganda who declares herself to be under the orders of Christian spirits, creates the rebel group the Holy Spirit Mobile Forces, and declares war against Museveni’s government. (Cover from book by Heike Behrend)
Another rebel group, the Uganda People's Democratic Army, or UPDA, launches a rebellion against Museveni. Joseph Kony, reportedly a cousin of Alice Lakwena, serves as a Catholic preacher to the UPDA. (AP Photo)
Yoweri Museveni, leader of the National Resistance Army, overthrows the government and becomes president of Uganda. (AP Photo)
Obote regains power through a flawed election. Obote’s regime commits widespread human rights abuses as he struggles to thwart insurgencies and hold onto power. (AP Photo)
Idi Amin leads a military coup and ousts Obote. Amin’s reign of terror leads to more than 300,000 deaths. In 1978, Tanzania invades Uganda and helps overthrow Amin.
Uganda gains independence from Great Britain. Milton Obote becomes prime minister. (AP Photo)