Recent Event Highlights: Voting Rights Act of 1965, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Freedom Ride/Freedom Riders, and 12 more...
Created by HaleyAB07 on May 3, 2011
Last updated: 05/04/11 at 06:27 PM
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Martin Luther King Jr. was standing on the balcony of his room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, TN. He was hit by a sniper in the neck and jaw. The man who was arrested for his murder is believed to be innocent by many including MLK's family.
This Act was a national legislation that outlawed discriminatory voting practices responsible for disenfranchisement of African Americans as well as women. Many African Americans had to take a literacy test they were required to pass before being able to vote. Also the Grandfather Clause held many African Americans back, stating if your grandfather had not voted then either could you.
Malcolm X was born in Omaha, Nebraska. The events of his childhood, including his father's lessons concerning black pride and self-reliance, and his own experiences concerning race played a significant role in Malcolm X's adult life. By the time he was thirteen, his father had died and his mother had been committed to a mental hospital. After living in a series of foster homes, Malcolm X became involved in a number of criminal activities in Boston and New York City. In 1946, Malcolm X was sentenced to eight to ten years in prison. While in prison, Malcolm X became a member of the Nation of Islam, and after his parole in 1952 he became one of the Nation's leaders and chief spokesmen. Tension between Malcolm X and Elijah Muhammad, head of the Nation of Islam, led to Malcolm X's quitting the organization. Less than a year after he left the Nation of Islam, Malcolm X was assassinated by three members of the group while giving a speech in New York.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a piece of legislation that outlawed major forms of discrimination against blacks and women. It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation. It also enforced the right to vote, and provide relief against discrimination and public accomodations.
SNCC was a campaign attempting to register as many African American voters as possible in Mississippi. Over 1,000 out-of-state voters participated in freedom summer. Most were from the North, 90% white, and many also Jewish.
The March on Washington was a large political rally in support of civil and economic rights for African Americans. Martin Luther King Jr delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech here. It is also called the "Great March on Washington."
Civil Rights activists that rode into segregated southerern states to test the supreme court decision Boynton v. Virginia which outlawed racial segregation in restraunts and waiting rooms in terminals serving buses that crossed state lines. Many were arrested as they rode through due to Jim Crow laws that were still in place.
Four Students sat down at a lunch counter inside the Woolworth's store in Greensboro, N.C. The men ordered coffee. Following store policy, the lunch counter staff refused to serve African American men at the "white only" counter, they were asked to leave. The next day 22 African Amerian came to the store to join the sit-in. The third day more than 60 people showed up. Day four consisted of more than 300 people. Stores all over began being boycotted. These stores dropped by a third and the store owners abandoned segregation policies.
A group of nine African Americans who were in Little Rock Central High. The decision declared all laws establishing segregated schools to be unconstitutional, and it called for the desegregation of all schools throughout the nation. Little Rock, which was the captial city of Arkansas, complied with the decision. Ernest Green was the first African American to graduated from Central.
SCLC was and American rights organization who was closely associated with its first president Martin Luther King Jr. They gained many affiliates who they stood by and stood by them. SCLC advocated nonviolent protests and boycotts they believed it should be handled in court rooms not in the hands of men.
Rosa Parks was an African Amercican civil rights activist whom the U.S congress calls the "first lady of civil rights," and the mother of the freedom movement. Rosa was sitting in the back of the bus in the black section when was told to give up her seat to a white passenger because the white section was full. She refused to obey the bus drivers orders and was arrested. The black community was asked not to ride the bus by E.D Nixon if that was at all possible, if they're job was far do what they must. The first day was successful, as well as the next 380. The law requiring segregation on buses was lifted.
Emmett til was a 14 year old boy who flirted with a 21 year old white woman Caroly Bryant. Roy Bryant and his half brother J.W. Milam beat him, gauged his eyes out, and shot him through the temple. Emmett's mother decided to have a public viewing of her son to show the world of the brutality of his death and open the publics eyes to the killings of African Americans.
Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black. The Supreme Court unanimously agreed segregation in public schools are unconstitutional. This decision overturned the Plessy v. Fergusson ruling that sanctioned "seperate but equal."
Issued by U.S. President Harry S. Truman. It expanded on Executive Order 8802 by establishing equality of treatment and opportunity in the Armed Services for people of all races, religions, or national origins. The last of the all-black units in the United States military was abolished in September 1954.
Homer Plessy boarded a car of the East Louisiana Railroad in New Orleans, Louisiana. Plessy was 1/8 black and was classified as a black man, as a result of this he was ordered to sit in the "colored car." Upon being ordered to do so he refused to move and was arrested and jailed. The court rejected Plessy's argument based on the Fourteenth Amendement. This decision upheld the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation under the doctrine of "seperate but equal."