This timeline can be used as a learning tool to visually analyze the different events that occurred in chronological order leading up to world war II
Created by IBHhistoryE on Feb 20, 2011
Last updated: 02/21/11 at 07:15 PM
Establishment of Authoritarian and Single-party States has no followers yet. Be the first one to follow.
“The left believes in greater state responsibility for the benefit of all citizens, with the goal of a more "equal" society.” This means that the citizens earn money from which a large portion is consumed by the government to be used for public services. “The right believes in greater personal responsibility with the belief that this freedom will lead to individual success that will open up opportunities for those who are less fortunate.” This means that citizens are responsible for their own life. They must work for their own money, and the government only takes a small potion to be used on fundamental aspects of the government. What does this picture say about the two different forms of government?
Trotsky lived in France, Norway and Mexico and continued to write about Bolshevism and to criticize the policy of Stalin in Russia. THis resulted in his assassination in Mexico 1940.
Nationalization is the process of taking an industry in the public ownership of a national government or state. The Land Decree of the Communist party adopted on October 26, 1917 establishing private ownership of land for decades to come.
The 1936 Soviet constitution was adopted on December of 1936, it is often also referred to as the Stalin constitution. This constitution was aimed at redesigning the Soviet Union.
Sergey Mironovich Kirov he was a Bolshevik leader in the Soviet Union. Kirov became head of the Party organization in Leningrad. Kirov was seen as a crucial opposition to Joseph Stalin. On the 1st of December 1934, Kirov was shot and killed by a gunman at his offices, who could directly be traced back to Stalin.
The Gulag was the government agency that administered the main Soviet forced labour camp systems. This was source of governmental punishment which prisoners or political convicts were deported to.
The Moscow Trials were show trials conducted in the Soviet Union and Joseph Stalin during the Great Purge of the 1930s. The victims included most of the surviving Old Bolsheviks, as well as the leadership of the Soviet secret police.
Describe and analyse the impact of the Purge Trials had on the Soviet Party and population?
How did Lenin, Stalin, Bukharin, and Trotsky differ in their potential or actual implementations of the ideologies of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels?
The 1930s Russia experienced a new concept of Soviet nationalism under Joseph Stalin. Under Lenin, the USSR believed in world revolution. Stalin rejected this idea, with a goal to develop internal economy rather than spreading socialism. In World War I, Russia had lost much of its Baltic territory to the new nations of Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, the latter also annexed significant portions of Belarussian and Ukrainian territory. During World War II, the USSR reacquired most of its former territory.
How did the Soviet Party respond to political opposition within and outside of the party?
• The civil war lasted 3 years. • White armies led by Generals Yudenich and Denikin attacked Russia from the west, Admiral Kolchak from the east. • The Tsar was executed. • The Red Army defeated Kolchak in 1919 after this foreign countries withdrew their soldiers. • The civil war caused shortages, famine and disease • The last White army in Russia was defeated in the Crimea in 1920. • The Red Army invaded Poland in 1921, later defeated and pushed back. • In 1922 The Tenth Party Congress declared the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
What was the new political face of Russia after the “Red Terror?”
Delegates attended the congress of Moscow in 1920, from 37 countries. There Lenin established the Twenty-one Points, the conditions of international communism.
How did the Soviet Party respond to opposition, political and social?
Outline and define the political ideology of the USSR?
After the October Revolution it was decided by Vladimir Lenin that the old Russian Army would have to change into a new Red army for the Communist Party. The old army was demobilized and in January 1918. Leon Trotsky, the Commissar of War, was claimed leader of Red Army on 13th March, 1918. The army had to be created quickly to fight in the civil war against the white army. End of the Civil war 5 million men were enlisted. What does the cartoon illustrate?
War Communism was the name given to the economic system that was present in Russia from 1918 to 1921. War Communism was developed by Lenin to prevent the economic problems that flourished through the civil war in Russia. It was a combination of emergency measures and socialist dogma. It was based on 6 principles.
Causes: 1) The Bolsheviks had seized power through the coup d’état. However faced difficulties in 1918 against their political opponents. 2) Also in 1918 Czech Prisoners took control of the Trans-Siberian Railway, and charged towards Moscow. 3) The Bolsheviks set up a comintern. It stated communist revolution all over the world. This led armies being sent to Russia from other countries. (Countries were also angry for Russia dropping out of the WWI)
The Red Terror in was the campaign of mass arrests and executions by the Bolshevik party. Historians argue with the beginning of the Terror time frame, however most agree that it started from the end of the civil war. The mass arrests and executions were conducted by the secret police in cooperation with the GRU.
How did the USSR respond to the threat of Nationalism?
The Soviet Union was founded in December 1922 by the SFSR after the civil war. It unified with the Transcaucasian, Ukrainian and Belorussian SSRs. After the death of Vladimir Lenin, the first Soviet leader was Joseph Stalin. Stalin led the country into industrialization with command economy and political repression.
establishment of the Soviet Party in Russia?
The Cheka was the first verdict passed by the Soviet state security organizations. It was created in 1917 by Lenin. The Cheka was an important military and security arm of the Bolshevik communist government. It owned 200,000 troops, which were used to police labor camps, enforce punishments and guide the Gulag system.
The official organizing and decision-making principle of Communist Parties. This was the process where the lower class members were ruled by a high class elite who were a group of intellectual individuals, developing the ideas for the country.
Even though the october Manifesto promised civil liberties, a policy of repression was adopted by Stolypin (Prime Minister of Russia). To punish the Finnish nationalists, he seized Finland of independence. Many Social Democrats, including Lenin, were exiled.
Dialectical materialism part of the Marxist theory, created Hegel's dialectics and Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach's materialism and based upon the work of Karl Marx's. “It views matter as the sole subject of change and all change as the product of a constant conflict between opposites arising from the internal contradictions inherent in all events, ideas, and movements.”(Answer)
Trotsky was a key figure in the Bolshevik gain in power in Russia. He was second in position Vladimir Lenin in the early stages of Soviet communist rule. But he lost out to Joseph Stalin in the power struggle that followed Lenin's death, and was assassinated while in exile in Mexico.
1870Was first introduced to Russia by two populists who fled to Europe. Axelrod and Plekhanov. Together they founded the “Marxist party.’ Soon individuals began to declare themselves as Marxist. This was the time when young Lenin was educated by one of the confessors and became familiar with their practices. However rather a minority converted from populism to Marxism.
The Communist Manifesto is a short book written by the German Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It is one of the world's most influential political works. It laid out the League's purposes and program. It presents an analytical approach to the class struggle and the problems of capitalism, instead of a prediction of communism's future application.
“The Condition of the Working Class in England” is book by Friedrich Engels that represents the first analysis of capitalism, as well as of the role of the proletariat in bourgeois society. In his book he summarized the results of a study he made on the English working class.