When the idea of California applying for statehood as a free state was brought up, disputes started between the North and the South. In order for this to happen, there was a compromise made known as the Compromise of 1850. There were five key parts to the compromise and there were controversial topics for the North and South to vote for. In they end, nobody had to vote for something they did not believe in because each part of the compromise was voted on seperately and passed as five different bills.
This was drafted by Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas. It was composed of five main parts.They made this compromise with hopes of solving the problems concerning the land won in the Mexican War and fixing the Missouri Compromise 36°30' line.
Since there were both good and bad parts of the compromise for North and South, they broke the compromise up into five bills. This way, if the people did not like one piece of it, they just didn't vote. The decision to split it up into bills was made by Stephen Douglas because Henry Clay wanted to keep it all together. President Millard Fillmore agreed to sign each piece of the compromise.
1. California admitted as a free state.
2. Slavery continues in Washington D.C., but no slave trade.
3. Fugitive slave law is tougher. Now, it is illegal to help a fugitive slave and the accused slaves could not testify in court or receive a jury.
4. New Mexico and Utah are open to slavery by popular sovereignty.
5. The border dispute results in a larger New Mexico (smaller Texas) but in exchange, the government pays off the debts in Texas. http://law.jrank.org/pages/11717/Compromise-1850.html
The Wilmot Proviso was a proposal made to keep the new territory from the Treaty of Guadalupe slave free. It was written by David Wilmot of Pennsylvania who wanted to make sure that slavery never existed there. Unfortunately, it never passed senate and becomes part of the Compromise of 1850 when California applies for statehood.
The Untied States went to war with Mexico over the boundaries of Texas and Mexico. In the end, U.S. won the land and added it on to their country. This was another controversy between slave states and free states over who would get the land. Many people tried to come up with a solution to the question of slavery being allowed in the new land or not...
This Compromise, also known as the 36°30' line was a big event that led up to the Compromise of 1850. This said that Missouri is a slave state and it also set boundaries for slavery and made it so slavery could not spread.