timeline war of 1812
Created by Julianna on Dec 1, 2010
Last updated: 12/06/10 at 10:32 AM
As the British army of about 4,000 soldiers approached, the most of the people in Washington fled the city. On August 24th American soldiers, with President James Madison, were quickly routed by the invaders in a battle at Bladensburg a few miles from the city. A messenger was dispatched to the White House to warn First Lady Dolley Madison of the impending arrival of the British. She and her staff fled by carriage across the Potomac River taking with her the full-length portrait of George Washington that had been torn from a White House wall.
William Henry Harrison led an army of 3,500 American troops against 800 British soldiers and 500 Indian warriors at Moravian town. Colonel Henry Procter commanded British troops and Tecumseh commanded the Indian warriors. When American troops advanced, British soldiers fled or surrendered. The Indians fought until they lost heart and scattered when Tecumseh died on the battlefield.
Oliver Hazard Perry directed the naval effort at Lake Erie to wrest control from the British. Six ships had been constructed at Presque Isle and five were brought from the naval yard at Black Rock. Then six British ships commanded by Robert Heriot Barclay met Oliver Hazard Perry's nine ships near Put-in-Bay. They battled over three hours until Perry had defeated the British.
Henry Dearborn decided to attack York instead of Kingston. When he attacked, Sir Roger Sheaffe was present at York, and took control of the defence. The British had lost 62 dead and 94 wounded making General Sheaffe deciding to leave the militia behind to surrender the town. The original plan was that the troops from York cross directly to the Niagara front, to attack Fort George. When they reached Fort Niagara, on the American side, the weather was poor and delayed thier crossing.
Old Ironsides was built to defend the U.S because the British had control over the Atlantic Ocean. The name came from an attack from the HMS Guerriere when they had shot the ship. A sailor on Old Ironsides said that they saw the shot from the British Ship seemed to bounce off the side of the ship. The ship was about to be demolished since it was worn out, but a poem by Oliver Wendell Holmes saved Old Ironsides. It was restored in 1925 and is now in Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, MA used as a museum.
When America was going to declare war on Britain they knew that Britain was getting most of their weapons from America and Canada so America closed trading with Britain because they were taking people in America ships. Then when the first shot was heard then it all started. The war was not able to be stopped but there was a peace treaty that finally ended the war.
General Hull surrendered Fort Detroit and his entire army, including the men encamped in the wilderness. The first invasion of Canada had ended catastrophically with the loss of Forts Mackinac, Detroit, and Dearborn. William Hull later had to go to court for surrendering Fort Detroit. He was guilty and sentenced to be executed by a firing squad. He was not executed because President Madison let him go because of his Revolutionary War service.
The 1st attempted was lead by William Hull who took 2,000 troops across the Detroit River and into Canada. Sir General Isaac Brock surrounded Hulls army and captured them including the city Detroit. Another U.S force on the Niagara River was captured since the New York militia units refused to support them since they didn’t want to leave the U.S territory. The 2nd attempt had an army that successfully captured the Upper Canada and burned some buildings. Until then, the army tried to overcome Montreal, but ended up fleeing into Northern New York. The British crossed the Niagara River and held captive of Fort Niagara and burned Buffalo and neighboring villages. The last attempt was that a British army sent troops in Canada to end all American hopes of conquest. Then a well trained army from the U.S crossed the Niagara River and defeated the British at the Battle of Chippewa. Then afterwards American withdrew to the American side. The troops retreated because the British fleet on the lake threatened their supply lines back in Canada.
The army that was led by the prophet was to attack just before the sun rose. So when it was time someone yelled and the Williams army woke up and found the profits army there. Many people got killed and many people were wounded. Williams’s warriors took the profit and took his power and threatened to kill him. There were 37 dead 25 were to die because of their injures and 126 were wounded from the attack.
Chesapeake was an American ship and was fired on by the British ship leopard. When this happened war might have broke out but Jefferson didn’t let war break out. Even though most Americans wanted war Jefferson wanted an embargo act instead. So when congress passed the embargo act stopped exports out of the U.S. ports. Then when the embargo art didn’t work out Jefferson made the non-Intercourse act which they could trade with anyone except Britain and France.
British ships stopped American and forced them to work for the British and sometimes the British took the Americans with violence. The reason they stopped the American ships is because the British needed people to work for them. Also the crews of British ships were often called pressgangs.