Recent Event Highlights: Voting Rights Act , Civil Rights Act 1964, Freedom Summer, and 23 more...
Created by KSICrypto106 on Apr 18, 2011
Last updated: 05/05/11 at 11:37 AM
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Two young black athletes raised gloved fists in protest against racial discrimination during the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City. This was the most political statement ever made in the history of the Olympic games.
Passed after death of Martin Luther King, this federal law prohibited discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing based on race, color, religion, national origin, sex, and now familial status and disability. The act promotes equal housing choice for all and is enforced by the Dept. of Urgan Development (HUD).
Martin Luther King was the famous civil rights leader who, unlike many others, advocated non-violent means to racial equality. He was murdered in Memphis by a white ex-convict.
Thurgood Marshall was excluded for a law school because of race. After graduating from an all black law school, he joined the NAACP legal team and won the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case. He became the first black Supreme Court Justice, serving from 1967 to 1991.
It was active in the United States from 1966 until 1982. The Black Panther Party achieved national and international impact through its deep involvement in the Black Power movement and in U.S. politics of the 1960s and 70s. It was created by Huey Newton in California and organized armed patrols to protect blacks from police abuse.
This was a federal act that banned literacy tests and empowered the federal government to oversee voting registration and elections. It was targeted against states that had discriminated against minorities in the voting process.
Martin Luther King and the SCLC organized a major campaign in Alabama to push for federal legislation on voting rights. Marchers between Selma and Montgomery were violently attacked by state troopers, and the day became known as "Bloody Sunday."
Malcolm X was an African American radical who became a minister in the Nation of Islam. The X stood for his lost African name. He was murdered by other members of the Nation of Islam.
The Civil rights act was a landmark of legislation in the United States that outlawed segregation in public accomodations. It gave the federal government the right to force schools to desegregate and also gave the Justice Department the right to prosecute violations of civil rights based on race, color, sex, or national origin.
SNCC, having spent several years organizing voter education projects in MS, organized Freedom Summer. Volunteers, mostly students, flooded MS and focused on registering blacks to vote.Three volunteers were murdered.
This was the twenty fourth amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Its purpose was to ban poll tax as a way for Southern states to keep poor blacks from voting.
This was a massive civil rights demonstration in Washington, DC, with representation from NAACP, SCLC, and SNCC. The day was peaceful and in front of the Washington monument, Martin Luther King gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech.
James Meredith, with the support of the NAACP, won a federal court case to desegregate the University of Mississippi. Medgar Evers assisted him and the result was a standoff between MS governor and the federal government. With the support of federal marshals, Meredith did enroll and became the first graduate of Ole Miss in 1963.
Blacks tested the government's willingness to enforce Supreme Court rulings on desegregation in cases like Boyton. In "freedom rides," blacks left Washington, DC, on buses bound for New Orleans. They sat in the front of the buses and used white restrooms. In Alabama, one of the buses was firebombed and in Birmingham, a white mob attacked the riders.
This was another US Supreme Court case that had major impact on the civil rights movement. It held that segregation on interstate buses and in waiting rooms was unconstitutional.
An organization of young black activitists whose goal was to create a grass-roots movement that involved all classes of blacks in the struggle to defeat white racism and to obtain equality. The initials stood for Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
The Little Rock Nine were a group of African-American students who were enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. The ensuing Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus, and then attended after the intervention of President Eisenhower, is considered to be one of the most important events in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.
After bus boycott in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Martin Luther King, Jr., and another minister, Ralph Abernathy, established the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, made up mostly of black ministers and advocating for non-violent resistance to fight racial injustice.
A black, Rosa Parks, was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama, for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus to a white passenger. Her arrest sparked a one-year boycott of Montgomery buses by blacks in protest of the segregation policy in public transportation.
African American boy who was murdered in Mississippi at the age of 14 after flirting with a white woman. He was brutally murdered by relatives of the woman. His open casket did much to spark the civil rights movement.
This was NAACP's challenge to segregation (separate but equal) in public education. The US Supreme Court reversed Plessy v. Ferguson and found segregation in public schools to be unconstitutional.
This was an organization that originally played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the civil rights movement . The initials stood for Congress of Racial Equality. Its goal was to apply non-violent protest as a means of fighting segregation. t
African American religious organization that advocated segregation of the races. Malcolm X became its most prominent minister.
The NAACP is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909. Their purpose is to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil rights for blacks.
Plessy V. Ferguson is a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in private businesses (particularly railroads), under the doctrine of "separate but equal".