Recent Event Highlights: The Oregon Treaty of 1846, The Oregon Trail, John Quincy Adams, John Adams, and 21 more...
Created by LAGIRL15 on Apr 14, 2011
Last updated: 05/04/11 at 11:58 AM
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Fearing Lincoln would end slavery the Southern Confederate states seceded before his election. Then for more seceded by the end of 1861. On April 12th, 1861 Confederate troops fire on U.S troops at Fort Sumter to start the four-year Civil War.
Lincoln was a republican from Illinois. He won the hearts of many American during the Illinois Senate Debate when he was fighting for slavery.
These debates were over slavery and both men were running for Illinois Senate Race. Stephen Douglas was democrat that believed that people should choose if they wanted to be free or not. Lincoln was a republican and thought that slavery was evil and should be banned no matter what. Douglas ended up winning the race but Lincoln got noticed by the entire nation for his determination.
James Buchanan was a democrat from Pennslyvania. He was the only president to never marry. So, his niece cane to take on the role of the first lady.
Franklin Pierce was the first democrat in office since James Polk. He served only one term. Pierce lost all his sons and one passed away 3 days before he became president. he was from New Hampshire and served in the Senate, House of Representatives, and as an officer in the Mexican War.
A railroad line was being planned for in the south and was believed to be still owned by Mexico. Then, Mexican leader Santa Anna sold the lane to the U.S. for 10 million. A northern railroad was also proposed that would run from Chicago to the Pacific Ocean.
These laws were put together by Henry Clay to please both northern and southern states. To please the north states California is added as a frees state and slave trade is banned in D.C. To please the south states territories of Utah and New Mexico to decide if they wanted to be slave states or not under popular sovereignty. Also to keep the south states happy, The Fugitive Slave Law was created. This law forced people in free states to return runaway slaves
Millard was also a member of the whig party and finished out the presidency of Taylor. He set up trade with Japan for our country.
During this time, slavery was still a big issue. The issue was splitting the U.S in two. The southern states threatened to secede from the U.S. if slavery was outlawed. While if this happened the northern states to use military action.
Zachary Taylor was a whig. He was from Kentucky and was a war hero. Taylor earned the nickname "old,rough and ready" in the war because of his not proper personality. Also, he was a slave owner but did not want it to spread across the country. He only served 1 year because he passed away in 1850.
U.S and Britain made a treaty that split the once shared Oregon Country. They made the 49th parallel. Britain got the land north on the parallel and we got the land south of it.
Polk was from Tennessee and served as it's governor, senator, and representative. He was a democrat who favored slavery and state's rights. He was also the first president that served when the United States went from coast to coast.
In this the Oregon country was shared by Britain and the U.S. An American missionary led 1000 pioneers along a 2000 mile journey called the Oregon Trail. This journey took 6 months. It branched two ways in to California or Fort Vancouver.
Harrison made the Whig Party to oppose Jackson. He died one month in to his presidency.
John Tyler was a member of the Whig party. He finished out Harrison's presidency. Tyler accomplished a lot during his term.
Van Buren served as Jackson's vice president and was democrat. He was from New York.
The Panic of 1837 was a time when the banks closed and was caused by Jackson when he tried to destroy the Bank of the U.S. In the 1830's the small banks issued their own money and gave out more loans than they could back up. Businesses closed, people lost money, unemployment rose and the economy collapsed because of this. Van Buren was blamed for it.
One of Jackson's first big struggle as president was the rights of Indians. To solve this problem he helped push the Indian Removal Act through congress. This required that 5 eastern tribes to move to the Indian Territory further west. Along this terrible Trail of Tears that stretched 12000 miles, 4000 Cherokees died of starvation or disease.
Andrew Jackson made many accomplishments before becoming president; war hero in the wars against Britain, Spain and Indians. He is most famous for the battle of New Orleans. Jackson also started the democratic party for ordinary people. He was from Nashville, TN and his nickname was Old Hickory because he was tough and stubborn.
John Q. Adams was a democrat whose election caused lots of controversy. During the election no one received majority vote so the House of Representatives in Adams' favor. The problem was that no one really wanted him in office.
Great Britain wanted to boost it's claim to the shared Oregon Country. So the Hudson Bay Co. was told to build Fort Vancouver along the Columbia River for fur trading. This fort became the center if trade for the entire country.
The Santa Fe Trail was a trade route that ran 780 miles from Independence, MO to Santa Fe in Mexico. This trail increased trade for U.S. There was also Bent's Fort built along the trail. This was the only place people could purchase supplies.
James Monroe was from Blue Ridge foothills in Virginia. His home was called Ash Lawn. Before becoming president he served as governor of Virginia, U.S senator, minister to France, Britain, and Spain and was secretary of state and war during The War of 1812.
At the battle of Fort McHenry there was a significant time in history for America that took place. The battle took place near Baltimore, Maryland where Francis Scott Key sat atop a ship and watched the battle take place across the bay. When the battle ended the American Flag was left standing and Key was inspired to write the words to the Star Spangled Banner.
James Madison was from Virginia. His home was named Montpolier and he owned lots of slaves. Madison was a very important person in our nation's history. He was a delegate for Continental Congress, represented Virginia in Continental Convention, was the Secretary of State, and helped write the Bill of Rights.
The Louisiana Purchase was a huge advance in American history and earned Jefferson a lot of respect as president. He purchased the Territory from France for 15 million dollars (3 cents per acre). This purchase nearly doubled the size of the U.S and boosted claims for settlement in the west.
Thomas Jefferson was previously known as Adams' vice president but was now our nation's third president. He beat out Adam in the election of 1801 and the power in the government shifted from federalists to Republican-Democratic.
The federalists used their power in congress to get these laws passed. The Alien Acts treated new immigrants unfairly an the Sedition Act made it illegal to criticize the government. But in return Jefferson and Madison wrote the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions for the acts to be ignored because they violated the Constitution.
John Adams was the second U.S president. His vice president was Jefferson but they were on opposing political sides. The reason this even happened is because at that time, whoever got the second highest number of votes. He was a federalist.
Jay's Treaty took place during Washington's presidency. The purpose was to settle trade disputes between Britain and the U.S. In the end, the U.S agreed to limit interference with American trade and U.S agreed to stop carrying goods for France.
He was our nation's first president and was from Virginia. Washington served two terms as president because of everything he accomplished.