Comparing the catholic church with the anglican
Created by Lachlan_Stocks on Mar 1, 2011
Last updated: 03/21/11 at 09:00 PM
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Today the "Anglican Communion" is a worldwide fellowship of churches in many different countries which stem from the original Church of England. As a result, the regions where Anglican churches dominate corresponds largely with those regions that Britain has at one time dominated politically. All of these churches, organized and administered on a national level, are formally independent from one another.
The latest canglican covenant was December 2009 it is a proposed solution to the public conflicts and threats of schism. This brings the Anglican community closer by improving the effectiveness of the churches and making all anglican churches the same.
The Protestant Episcopal church in the United States is a part of the worldwide Anglican Communion. In the late 1980s the church had about 2,500,000 members in some 7,000 parishes and missions, with about 14,000 clergy. Divided into 4 provinces that include all the states and territories of the United States, it has 106 dioceses and missionary districts.
The history of the Episcopal church began with the English exploration and colonization of North America. Although the New England colonies were established by Puritans opposed to Anglicanism, large numbers of Anglicans settled in the southern colonies, and the Church of England became the established church in the Carolinas, Maryland, and Virginia. The American Revolution severed ties between the Church of England and the church in the colonies. Thus in 1789, the Protestant Episcopal church began its separate existence, determined to preserve its Anglican heritage but also committed to such American ideals as the separation of Church and State.
Clergy: Masses in both churches are led by priests, who are appointed by no fewer than three bishops. This order has been in place since the beginning of Christianity. The vestments worn by the clergy are also the same in both religions. The requirements to be ordained are identical in both faiths. Seminary education must take place before a priest can be ordained. Both faiths do have laypersons who serve without going through seminary
The Mass in Anglican churches is very similar to the Catholic Mass. Holy Eucharist is received in both churches, and almost identical prayers are read, leading up to the sacrament. The same readings are read from the Holy Bible, and the Gospel is the same.
Both the churches are similar in both prayers and Sacrements
Prayers: The Nicene Creed and the Apostle's Creed are both basic prayers recited in Anglican and Catholic religions. They both honor Mary as being the mother of Jesus. Some Anglicans say the rosary, and all Catholics do as well. The calender of the saints is also used in both religions, with designated prayers for certain feast days.
Sacraments: Anglicans and Catholics both partake in the same sacraments. Those sacraments are Baptism, Holy Communion, Confirmation, Holy Orders, Penance, Holy Matrimony and Anointing of the Sick.
Both the Anglican church and the Catholic church come from the original Eastern Orthodox churches. Both religions use the Holy Bible as their basic text, as well as the Apocrypha, which is the Hebrew Bible written in Greek.
Humanae Vitae (Latin "Of Human Life") is an encyclical written by Pope Paul VI and promulgated on July 25, 1968. Subtitled "On the Regulation of Birth", it re-affirms the traditional teaching of the Catholic Church regarding abortion, contraception, and other issues pertaining to human life.
In 2008, Pope Benedict XVI called this topic "so controversial, yet so crucial for humanity's future." Humanae Vitae became "a sign of contradiction but also of continuity of the Church's doctrine and tradition... What was true yesterday is true also today.
It is a council called by the Roman Catholic Church in 1962; it took broad steps to modernize the Catholic Church and mend relationships with Jews, members of the Eastern Orthodox Church, and Protestants. It is also known as the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II, was the twenty-first Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church. It opened under Pope John XXIII on 11 October, 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI on 21 November, 1965
Christianity Today is an Evangelical Christian periodical based in Carol Stream, Illinois. It is the flagship publication of its parent company Christianity Today International, claiming circulation figures of 140,000 and readership of 290,000. The founder, Billy Graham, stated that he wanted to "plant the evangelical flag in the middle-of-the-road, taking the conservative theological position but a definite liberal approach to social problems".
The Anglican church decisively broke from Catholicism and instead it placed itself under the direct control of the English monarch rather than the pope.
Christian ecumenical organization founded in 1948 in Amsterdam. It functions as a forum for Protestant and Eastern Orthodox denominations, which cooperate through the WCC on a variety of undertakings and explore doctrinal similarities and differences. It grew out of two post-World War I ecumenical efforts, the Life and Work Movement (which concentrated on practical activities) and the Faith and Order Movement (which focused on doctrinal issues and the possibility of reunion). The impetus for these two organizations sprang from the International Missionary Conference in Edinburgh in 1910, the first such cooperative effort since the Reformation. The Roman Catholic church, though not a member of the WCC, sends representatives to its conferences. The more fundamentalist Protestant denominations have also refused to join.
There have also been many attempts to increase the number of Catholic customs and practices within the Anglican church such as decoration of the churches, change the prayers and hyms leading up to Eucharist which therefore separates anglicanism and catholicism even further
The Dogmatics has four “volumes,” each in two or more part-volumes or sections and consists of 13 separate books in English, in 8,000 pages and 6 million words. Barth planned five volumes, one for each of the major doctrines of the faith: Revelation or the Word of God (CD I), God (CD II), Creation (CD III), Reconciliation (CD IV), and Redemption (CD V). He was unable to complete the Reconciliation volume and the Redemption volume remained unwritten at his death.
The "Scopes Monkey Trial" began July 10, 1925 in Dayton, Tennessee, when a high school biology teacher, John T. Scopes, faced court proceedings on the charge of having taught evolution in violation of (christianity) the Butler Act. The trial was originally conceived as a publicity stunt in promote business in Dayton, and it truly became a media circus, with reporters from all over the world sending reports back home. One of Scopes' lawyers was the famous agnostic and criminal defense attorney Clarence Darrow and one of the prosecuting attorneys was the famous populist and fundamentalist William Jennings Bryan.
The Butler Act was a 1925 Tennessee law prohibiting public school teachers to deny the Biblical account of man’s origin. The law also prevented the teaching of the evolution of man from what it referred to as lower orders of animals in place of the Biblical account.
The 18th Amendment was ratified and all hard liquor with over 40% alcohol content were banned. Officially, it banned the “manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors, for beverage purposes.” Many people supported this act, thinking that it was only banning hard liquors, and thinking that a glass of wine with dinner or a beer after work would be fine.
This hurt the churches greatly because they could not perform the 'blood of Christ' during Eucharist.
The Assemblies of God are one of the world's largest and fastest growing Protestant Pentecostal denominations. They currently claim over 2.3 million members in the United States and over 30 million worldwide. There are roughly 11,100 established churches in the United States and approximately 117,000 churches worldwide in 120 nations. Church ministers and leaders are educated in over 325 Bible Colleges across the world.
The Assemblies of God maintains an aggressive foreign missions program. Currently, over 1,500 missionaries are spread throughout 120 different countries. Gospel House Publishing, the Assemblies of God printing company, prints 24 tons of church literature and curriculums daily. A radio broadcast entitled Revivaltime is the official radio production of the Assemblies of God. This radio program is broadcasted over 600 times per week. They claim this coverage allows the gospel to reach nearly the entire English-speaking world.
The Latin Rite of the Catholic Church and the twenty-two Eastern Catholic Churches consider that they continue and are charged with preserving the catholic tradition as handed down through the Early Church Fathers. Eastern Catholic churches are those particular churches that, in full communion with the Bishop of Rome — the Pope — while remaining autonomous (in Latin, sui iuris), preserve the liturgical, theological and devotional traditions of the various Eastern Christian churches with which they are associated. They include the Ukrainian, Greek, Greek Melkite, Maronite, Ruthenian Byzantine, Coptic Catholic, Syro-Malabar, Syro-Malankara, Chaldean and Ethiopic Rites. Under Pope John Paul II the Catholic Church issued a book of beliefs under the title Catechism of the Catholic Church, which states: "To believe that the Church is 'holy' and 'catholic,' and that she is 'one' and 'apostolic' (as the Nicene Creed adds), is inseparable from belief in God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.' The term Catholic Church is associated with the whole of the church that is led by the Roman Pontiff, currently Pope Benedict XVI, and whose over one billion adherents are about half of the estimated 2.1 billion Christians. Other Christian churches also lay claim to the description catholic as a theological quality, including the Eastern Orthodox Church and those churches possessing the historic episcopate (bishops), such as those in the Anglican Communion. Some of them claim to be the one true Catholic Church from which, in their view, other Christians, including those in communion with the Pope, have fallen away. Many of those who apply the term "catholic church" to all Christians indiscriminately object to this use of the term to designate what they view as only one church within what they see as the "whole" catholic church. However, the church in communion with the Bishop of Rome, both in its Western form and in that of the Eastern Catholic Churches, has always considered itself to be the historic Catholic Church, with all others as "non-Catholics" and regularly refers to itself as "the Catholic Church". This practice is an application of the belief that not all who claim to be Christians are part of the Catholic Church, as Ignatius of Antioch, the earliest known writer to use the term "Catholic Church", considered that certain heretics who called themselves Christians only seemed to be such. Though normally distinguishing itself from other churches by calling itself the "Catholic Church", it also uses the description "Roman Catholic Church". Even apart from documents drawn up jointly with other churches, it has sometimes, in view of the central position it attributes to the See of Rome, adopted the adjective "Roman" for the whole church, Eastern as well as Western, as in the papal encyclicals Divini illius Magistri and Humani generis. Another example is its self-description as the "Holy, Catholic, Apostolic and Roman Church" in the 24 April 1870 Dogmatic Constitution on the Catholic Faith of the First Vatican Council. In all of these documents it also refers to itself both simply as the Catholic Church and by other names. The Eastern Catholic Churches, while united with Rome in the faith, have their own traditions and laws, differing from those of the Latin Rite and those of other Eastern Catholic Churches.
The English Church continued to grow through the Middle Ages (AD600-1300) and showed great independence while acknowledging the authority of the Papacy. In the later Middle Ages, a succession of corrupt and worldly popes used their position to gain wealth and power. The Church, the most important institution in Western Europe, gradually accumulated great wealth while the clergy became involved with civil affairs and political intrigue. To the English, the Pope ceased to resemble the Chief Shepherd of Christ’s Flock. Rather, he appeared to be a greedy and oppressive foreign monarch. From around 1400 onwards, people began calling for reform. They wanted the Bible available in a language they could understand and senior clergy made more accountable for their actions. King Henry VIII was hostile to reform until personal circumstances led him to exploit calls for religious reform to achieve political ends. The relationship between the Papacy and the English Church was finally ruptured in the first half of the sixteenth century.
The Anglican Church of Australia is a community of Christians scattered across Australia. Anglican Christianity was shaped in England from the third century and spread to Australia with the European settlers in the eighteenth century.
The Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglicans, Lutherans and some Methodists believe that their churches are catholic in the sense that they are in continuity with the original universal church founded by the Apostles. The Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox churches all believe that their church is the only original and universal church. In "Catholic Christendom" (including the Anglican Communion), bishops are considered the highest order of ministers within the Christian religion, as shepherds of unity in communion with the whole church and one another. Catholicity is considered one of Four Marks of the Church, the others being unity, sanctity, and apostolicity. according to the Nicene Creed of 381: "I believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church."
The Anglican Church of Australia draws on the rich social and religious heritage of Britain. It seems probable that Christianity was transported to the Roman colony of Britain by soldiers and traders who shared their faith with the local inhabitants. While its specific origins are unclear, there was a Church in Britain by the year 208AD. The first recorded English martyr was Alban who died in 303. When the Roman armies withdrew from Britain and the country was subsequently overrun by the Picts, Scots and Saxons, the British people fled to the south and west of the island, taking the Church and it’s teaching with them. In 563, Columba left Ireland with twelve companions to establish a monastery on the remote island of Iona from which they conducted a successful mission to the tribes of the mainland. With the Church divided for several centuries by political instability and tribal warfare, the unifying figure was St Augustine who was sent by Pope Gregory the Great to centralise and reorganise the English Church under the jurisdiction of Rome in 597. The Latin customs differed in many respects from those of the Celts, and it was not until the Council of Whitby in 664 that the northern Christians decided to adopt Roman customs. From that date there may be said to have existed a ‘Church of England’.