The History of Curriculum for students with disabilities.
Created by Laconia88 on Jan 13, 2011
Last updated: 01/16/11 at 01:29 PM
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U.S. Department of Education in the 23rd Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilites Education Act, 10% of those employed to provide special education services to students with disabilities were not certified in any area of special education.
The U.S. Department of Education reports that almost 6,254,000 students received services in special education.
President Bush signed into law the NCLB act. The legislation called for extensive implementation of state educational standards addressing national criteria tied to federal funding.
Carol Ann Tomlinson -The Differentiated Classroom: Responding to the needs of all learners.
Professional Learning Communities
President Bill Clinton signed the Goals 2000: Educate America Act, creating a special council to certify national and state content and performance standards, opportunity - to - learn standards, and state assessments.
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics published Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics. This was the first set of national standards. Other content areas followed this example/model.
Theory of mulitple intelligences
PL 94-142, States must providea "free apporpriate public education" to all children regardless of the type or severity of the disability.
Fenwick English introduced the concept of curriculum mapping.
Benjamin Bloom wrote the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Handbook I: The Cognitive Domain. It processes through 6 levels of cognitive domain.
All states passed a compulsory school law requiring that children attend public school until a specified age (usually 14).
All states adopted compulsory school attendance.
Secondary education studies: Health, Command of Fundamental Processes, Worthy Home Membership, Vocation, Civic Education, Worthy Use of Leisure, and Ethical Character.
Public schools struggled to deal with the booming enrollments and ethnic diversity from the huge numbers of immigrants coming into the United States.
Psychologists administered intelligence tests in public schools.
A school in Providence, Rhode Island started the first special education class for "mental defectives".
The NEA appointed a committee of ten to establish a standard curriculum in schools. They recommended 8 years of elementary education and 4 years of secondary education.
"Helping professionals" were formed. Such as special educators, social workers, psychologists, psychiatrists, and others in relation to disabled, disadvantaged, or otherwise troubling children and youth.
Location of special education programs occurred within the rapidly changing public schools.
Public schools began tracking programs for "juvenile delinquents", deaf students, blind students, "cripples", the "feebleminded", and non-English-speking immigrants.
Laws for state school system and school taxes are in place.
Edouard Seguin's, a student of Itard, approach to curriculum and instruction consisted of muscular education, sense education, and moral treatment.
Howe was involved in many facets of educating those with disabilites and is perhaps best known for his work with the blind. He also felt the role of heredity played a major part in the cause of disabling conditions.
In Massachusetts the first general compulsory school law was passed.
Doctors and educators thought it was best to put children with disabilites in specialized asylums and residential schools.
Advocated for a free public school system.
Most states in the Northeast (from Maine down the coast to Maryland) and the "old" Northwest (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, and Wisconsin) authorized the position of state school superintendent and required towns to provide totally free schools through property taxes.
Jean-Marc Itard educated a young boy that was considered a "feral child". He used a five pronged strategy: socialization, training of the senses, concept development, speech, and transfer of learning.
State endorsed places for disabled individuals of all ages, but especially for children who were still capable of education and development.
While the governor of Virginia, Jefferson pushed for public education.
Compulsory education in all New England Colonies
France begins custodial care for mentally ill and disabled populations in institutions and specialized schools for the deaf and blind.