The congress passed a Civil Rights Act prohibiting racial discrimination in restaurants, theaters, hotels, hospitals, and public facilities of all sorts. This civil rights act also made it easier and safer for Southern Blacks to register and vote.
The Freedom Riders sought to test the enforcement of the segregation at bus terminals. They consisted of black and white males, as well as females. But at an Alamaba bus terminal one bus was firebombed, and they were beat.
Trumans Civil Rights Committee recommended laws protecting the right of African Americans to vote and banning segregation on railroads and buses. He issued executive orders ending segregation in the armed forces and prohibiting job discrimination in all government agencies.