Created by Mikele on May 26, 2010
Last updated: 06/09/10 at 11:22 AM
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The new unified Vietnam was officially reunited as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV), with its capital at Hanoi. Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City.
after Nixon was trial for the Watergate scandal. He was replaced by Gerald Ford. North Vietnam saw this opportunity and invaded the South forcing them to surrender at the battle of Saigon
Kissinger and North Vietnam agrees to the term of Cease-fire. Nixon will pulled all the U.S soldiers out of Vietnam if, North Vietnam will host elections to determine the fate of the entire country. Nixon also stated that the U.S will intervene if anything goes wrong.
Kissinger (Nixon’s national security advisor) begins secret negotiations with North Vietnam Nixon visits China, USSR Last U.S. combat troops leave Vietnam Nixon wins reelection Nixon authorizes Christmas Bombing in North Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh died and was replaced by Le Duan, who became the new head of the North Vietnamese Communist Party.
Richard Nixon announced a new policy of Vietnamization to gradually withdraw the more than 500,000 American soldiers from Vietnam and return control of the war to the South Vietnamese ARVN.
While South Vietnam and it's ally the U.S were celebrating the Vietnamese's new year. North Vietnam attacked 27 U.S military bases. This attacked was known as the Tet Offensive.
Soldiers in one U.S. company, frustrated at their inability to find Viet Cong during a search-and-destroy mission in the tiny South Vietnamese village of My Lai, killed approximately 500 unarmed Vietnamese civilians, including women, children, and elderly. The My Lai Massacre was covered up and did not become public knowledge until late 1969.
United States reaches nearly 400,000 troops in Vietnam
Vietcong on the U.S became more violent. The U.S president Lyndon B. Johnson ordered an air strike known as the Operation Rolling Thunder in the North Vietnam Area. By the end of the year, U.S had send about 175000 troops to aid South Vietnam.
U.S. destroyers in Gulf of Tonkin report North Vietnamese attacks U.S. Congress passes Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Diem passed Law 10/59 , establishing military tribunals to search out Communists in South Vietnam, whom he derisively referred to as Viet Cong. These tribunals were unconcerned with justice, and Law 10/59 was brutal in its application.
With the U.S's idea of election. South Vietnam elected Ngo Dinh Diem.
Vietnamese force attack and defeated the French at Dien Bien Phu.
Humiliated at the lost at the battle of Dien Bien Phu. French called for a Geneva Conference. At the conference, diplomats from France, Vietnam, the United States, the USSR, Britain, China, Laos, and Cambodia declared a cease-fire and decided to split Vietnam officially at the 17th parallel, into Communist-controlled North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
French thinks that Ho Chi Minh is a communist. So, they created a new government in South Vietnam. War started between the two sides. This is called the first Indochina war and it lasted for five years.
After World War two. French return to Vietnam and try to recapture it.
With Japan's moral losing in World War 2. Vietnam revolted and defeated Japan. Vietnam gained it's independence. The Democratic Republic of Vietnam were established.
Ho Chi Minh saw an opportunity and created an armed force called Viet Minh or the league for Vietnamese Independence.
Japan took control of Vietnam when France lost to Germany.
Ho Chi Minh Created Indochinese Communist Party (PCI).