Recent Event Highlights: Berlin Wall torn down , The Building of the Berlin Wall , and 21 more...
Created by Miranda123 on Feb 16, 2011
Last updated: 04/18/11 at 08:01 AM
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The primary causes were political and economic and they were the result of the culture of war. Economic factors were linked to political and psychological factors, another factors were the lack of honest information, and the secrecy and propaganda.
The Cold War ended after the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, this leaving the United States as the dominant military power. The governments of the United States and the Soviet Union announce the end of the Cold War.
The fall of the Berlin Wall had begun with the building of the Wall in 1961. It took about three decades until the Wall was torn down. The politburo that was led by Krenz decided on November 9th to allow refugees to exit directly through the crossing points between East Germany and West Germany.
Tiananmen Square, is a large city square in the centre of Beijing, China, and is known for being the largest city square in the world. The cultural significance is that it holds many important events in Chinese history. Also where soldiers opened fire on protesters, killing 400 to 800 in the Tiananmen Square.
The Warsaw Pact was a response to a similar treaty made by the Western Allies in 1949.
The Vietnam War had occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 till April 30, 1975. The U.S. government was involved in the war as a way to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam.
Apollo landed the first humans on Earth's Moon. This carried out by the United States, is considered a major accomplishment in history. Apollo was launched from Florida on July 16, and was crewed by Commander Neil Alden Armstrong,
The thirty-fifth President of the United States, John F. Kennedy, was assassinated on November 22, 1963. In Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas, Kennedy was shot while riding with his wife Jacqueline in a Presidential motorcade. The investigation of President Kennedy took ten-months, and found that Lee Harvey Oswald, assassinated Kennedy.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation among the Soviet Union, Cuba and the United States in October 1962. After some unsuccessful operations by the U.S. to overthrow the Cuban government, the Cuban and Soviet governments began to, build bases in Cuba for nuclear missiles. All with the ability to strike most of the continental United States
The Berlin Wall was built to completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. This included guard towers placed along the large concrete walls.
The Bay of Pigs Invasion was an unsuccessful action by a CIA-trained force to invade southern Cuba, with support and encouragement from the US government. All to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
In 1960, he took over U.S. oil refineries in Cuba. Just after Castro took control of the government, the relationship with the United States declined. The United States then stopped buying Cuban sugar and Castro responded by taking over all U.S. businesses in Cuba.
During the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower, a United States U-2 spy plane was shot down over Soviet Union airspace. The operation was to overfly the Soviet Union, photographing ICBM sites in and around Sverdlovsk and Plesetsk, then land at Bodø in Norway.
Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik 1. Sputnik was the first artificial satellite, also the size of a beach ball, and only weighed 183.9 pounds.
United States Senator from Wisconsin, Joseph Raymond McCarthy, was noted for making claims that there were large numbers of Communists and Soviet spies inside the United States federal government and elsewhere. McCarthyism was a reference to McCarthy's practices.
The Korean War was fought between North Korea and the United Nations with South Korea. The War was fought to fight against communism. 3 million people died in the Korean War, and was led to nothing besides to keep communism from spreading into South Korea.
After the end of the Second World War, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was formed. The treaty was signed in 1949 by 10 Western European nations as well as Canada and the United States. this was also to provide a common defence for the European and Atlantic areas, and to address common issues faced.
Berlin was a divided area, including the West Allies and the Soviet Union. It all started when the Soviet government closed supply lines to West Berlin. This is when the United States Air Force and the British Royal Air Force organized an effort to deliver needed food, coal, and medical supplies into Berlin to through the Soviet blockade.
European Recovery Program (ERP) was the large-scale economic program, that lasted from 1947 to 1951. The United States Founded for rebuilding and creating a stronger economic foundation for the countries of Europe. The Marshall Plan was named after Secretary of State George Marshall.
Harry Truman gave a speech to congress stating that he is giving, American military and economic aid towards Greece and Turkey. Truman asked for $400,000,000 for this aid program, to countries whose political stability was threatened by communism.
Winston Churchill gave the "Sinews of Peace" address ("Iron Curtain" Speech) at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri. The speech was made to draw attention to Europe, that had also changed the way the democratic west viewed the communist east.
The term was first officially used January 1,1942, and officially came into existence on October 24, 1945 .When the United Nations approved the charter by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States.