Created by ShaunaV on Mar 4, 2011
Last updated: 03/21/11 at 11:08 AM
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The United States gained a measure of international respect for managing to stand up against the British Empire. The war also had a dramatic effect on the manufacturing capabilities of the United States. It helped create a cloth industry. If the War of 1812 had never happened Canada would be part of the United States today. And as more and more American settlers would have arrived, and Canadian nationalism would never have developed.
Ghent Belgium, ended the War of 1812 between the United States and the British. Fights continued for many weeks after signing the treaty, including the Battle of New Orleans. This happened because news of the treaty took time to reach North America. James Madison had ratified the trey on February 17, when the ratifications were exchanged. The treaty was proclaimed the next day. (February 18)
A gathering of New England Federalists met at Hartford, Connecticut to talk about states' rights. There were 26 delegates who attended. By the time the Hartford delegation arrived in Washington to make their recommendations, the War of 1812 was over. The Treaty of Ghent had a been signed by President Madison and news of General Andrew Jackson's victory at New Orleans had reached the excited capital.
A large force of soldiers, sailors, and militia, which included Indians and African Americans, defeated Britain's finest white and black troops who were from Europe and the West Indies. One of the reasons why this is a huge accomplishment is because America's force was much smaller. Major General Andrew Jackson led U.S forces in the Gulf campaign against Britain. He inspired his men and other locals to fight Britain and defeat them.
For 25 hours, the British attacked Fort McHenry from ships that were outside of the Baltimore Harbor in the Patapsco River. This battle was what inspired poet- lawyer Francis Scott Key to write the "Star Spangled Banner" which is now our national anthem.
A Native American tribe called "the Creeks" later caused a fight known as the "Fort Mims Massacre". When Andrew Jackson was informed about this battle, he raised the Tennessee militia force of more than 2,000 men and supplemented it with another 1,000 Lower Creek and Cherokee warriors. Jackson took this militia to battle. The Upper Creek had more than 550 killed, while Jackson's combined forces only lost 49.
This battle was the most important land battle of the war in the American Northwest. General William Henry Harrison led 3,500 troops against 700 British soldiers and 1,000 Indian warriors. Tecumseh led the group of Indian warriors. Tecumseh also convinced Colonel Procter to make a stand at Moraviantown. The victory of the battle went to the Americans because once again, the British soldiers either fled or surrendered.
Oliver Hazard Perry had gained "the upper hand" on lake Erie. On September 9th, the British sailed out wanting to unblock the Lake Erie supply line. A battle broke out and victory went to the Americans after the British surrendered.
James R. Dacres on the British side was looking for a fight. Coming across the USS Constitution, that was the fight he chose. Determined to win, he did care that he was greatly outnumbered in weapons and crew members. Little impact was made at first. At the end of the battle, the British casualties were five times as much as American casualties.
War was declared as a result of long arguments with Great Britain. Great Britain was also supplying Native Americans with weapons to attack Americans. However the Americans were very successful with their plans. The "War Hawks" were a group of 20 democratic republicans who pushed to get the war declared.