event that occured during the Civil war
Created by Shonte on Sep 9, 2008
Last updated: 11/05/09 at 11:40 PM
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The 31st Congress opened in December 1849 in an atmosphere of distrust and bitterness. The term Secession was introduced to the north and south. Secession is the formal withdrawl of a state from the Union. Northerners demanded the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia. Southerners accused the North of failing to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793.
Harriet Tubman died March 10, 1913. Harriet Tubman was born Araminta Ross as her birth name. She was an African-American Abolitionists, she was born as a slave. She was the conductor of the Underground Railroad, and captured she made 19 trips back to the south, and rescued 19 slaves, including her parents.
On April 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. He was born in a log cabin and grew up on the American Frontier, and educated himself by reading books. He taught his self law; he was a surveyor, and a storekeeper. Abraham Lincoln was the presenter of the emancipation Proclamation.
In New York City in Jul 1863, draft rioters vented their anger on African-American institutions such as orphanage. Poor people were crowded into slums, crime and disease was high, ad poverty was taking place. Poor white workers, mostly Irish men thought it was unfair that they had to fight a war to free slaves. The white workers also feared that the southern blacks would come north, and compete for jobs.
On January 1, 1863, Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation. This proclamation was meant to free slaves. The proclamation did not the free the slaves immediately, because it only applied only to places behind Confederate lines, outside union control. Lincoln presents the Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet in 1862.
In the fall of 1861, an incident came about to test neutrality. The confederate government sent two diplomats, James Madison and John Slidell, to gain support from Britain and France. The two diplomats traveled with a British merchant ship, which was called the Trent. The ship was stopped by Captain Charles Wilkes of the American Warship San Jacinto. He arrested the two men.
On Feb. 9, 1861 former senator Jefferson Davis of Mississippi as president, and Alexander Stephens of Georgia as vice-president. Jefferson Davis made his position clear, noting that to present a show of strength to the north, the south should “offer no doubtful or divided front.” At his inauguration Davis declared” the time for compromise has now passed.”
Delegates from the secessionist states met in Montgomery, Alabama, where they formed the Confederacy. The confederacy could also stand as the confederate states of America. The confederate constitution closely imitates the United States. The most recognizable difference was the confederate constitution “protected and recognized” slavery in new territories.
John brown was hanged for high treason in the presence of federal troops and a crowd of curious observers. Lincoln and Douglas condemned Brown as a murder. Some northerners began to call Brown a martyr for the sacred cause of freedom. When others heard of his execution, guns fired salutes, and huge crowds gathered to hear fiery speakers denounce the South.
On this day John Brown led a band of 21 men, black and white, into the Harpers Ferry, Virginia. This is now called West Virginia. His aim was to seize the federal arsenal there, distribute the captured arms to slaves in the area, and start a general slave uprising.
The Republican Party of Illinois nominated the state chairman. Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln to run for the U.S. senate. Abraham Lincoln was against Democratic incumbent Stephen Douglas. That night Abraham Lincoln started his campaign with a ringing address to the convention, it included a biblical quote.
On March 6, 1857, Supreme Court justice Roger B. Taney handed down the decision. The court ruled that slaves did not have the rights of citizens. The case was Dred Scott v. Sandford. The court said that Dred Scott had no claim to freedom, because he used to live in Missouri a slave state, when he began his trial.
A proslavery posse of 800 armed men went to Lawrence to carry out the grand jury’s will. These men burned down the antislavery headquarters. These men destroyed two newspapers’ printing presses, and looted many houses and stores. Abolitionist newspapers dubbed the event “the sack of Lawrence.
On July 6, 1854 the new Republican Party was organized in Jackson, Michigan. One of the founders was Horace Greeley. The main competition for the Republican Party was the Know- Nothing party. Both of these parties targeted the same group of voters.
Douglas introduced a bill to the congress to divide the area in to two territories. Nebraska in the north and Kansas in the south. If the bill was passed it would grant popular sovereignty, and it would repeal the Missouri Compromise. 90 percent of southern congressmen voted for the bill.
Henry Clay work night and day to shape a compromise that both the North and the South could accept. Henry Clay visited Daniel Webster and obtained his support.Henry Clay Introduced the Compromise of 1850.
John Brown was an abolitionist who believed that God had called to fight slavery. On may 24th he and his followers pulled five men from their beds in the proslavery settlement of Pottawatomie Creek. John Brown hacked off their hands, and stabbed them with broadswords. This attack became famous as the “Pottawatomie Massacre.
The Wilmot Proviso meant that California as well as the territories of Utah and New Mexico would be closed from slavery forever. The Wilmot Proviso divided congress along regional lines. Pennsylvania Democratic David Wilmot introduced the Wilmot Proviso. Southerners opposed the Wilmot Proviso, because they thought it would undermine such constitutional protections.