Created by SixSamurai on Mar 31, 2011
Last updated: 04/08/11 at 07:05 PM
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* Northern and Southern and Americans did not trust each other whatsoever. * Northern Democrats choose Stephen Douglas, Southern Democrats choose John C. Breckinridge, Republicans choose Abraham Lincoln, and the Constitutional Union choose Bell. * The Lincoln Douglass Debates led up to this event. * Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the union. * The election angered Southerners. Lincoln did not campaign in the South at all. This signaled the South was losing its political power. * North= Lincoln was elected President. South: Left the Union because Lincoln was elected. General: The country was split into two and thrown into a civil war.
* The Bleeding Kansas was the main issue in the United States at this time. * John Brown who planned to cause an uprising in Virginia. * The Kansas-Nebraska Act led up to this event causing conflict between Ablitionists and Southerners. * John Brown took over the arsenal in Harper's Ferry in hopes of stating a slave rebellion. No slaves to to help for fear of being punished. Local white Southerners atacked Brown. Three of the Southerners and eight of his men were killed. Federal troops arrived the next night. Colonel Robert E. Lee ordered a squad of marines to storm the fire house. The marines killed two more of Brown's men and captured the rest. * Brown was convicted of treason, murder, and conspiracy. Brown was ordered to be hanged. * Many Southerners became worried this might have happened again. This also made many Southerners call to leave the Union.
* The Whig Party fell apart. Many politicans repuatations were damaged by the Kansas-Nebraska Act. * The Supreme Court which believed that African Americans were not considered citizens. Dred Scott a former citizen who thought be became free when his owner died in free territory. * The Kansas-Nebraska Act led up to this event. * It was decided that Dred Scott was not a citizen so he did not have the right to file suit in the Supreme court. It was ruled that his status depended on the laws of Missouri and that the Missouri Compromise was unconsstitutional. * The Republican platform was ruled unconstitutional. * North: Scarred people about the possibilitiy of states not being able to ban slavery. South: Made many southerners happy because their general beliefs were made into law. General: The Republican Party was hurt greatly by these decisions.
* The debate of slavery arose again because a railroad was going to be built to the west coast. * Northerners, Southerners, and Stephen Douglas. The Northerners wanted Kansas-Nebraska territory to be free. The Southerners wanted the territory to be slave territory. The southerners also wanted a railroad going through the South to the west coast. Stephen Douglas wanted the railroad wanted the road to go through Chicago. * Popular Sovereignty would decide the decision of Slavery in each territory. * Kansas became a Slave Territory and many this caused more conflict between Southerners and Abolitionists. This caused Bleeding Kansas * South: Gained Kansas Territory. General: Stephen Douglas's railroad was not passed in congress. Many abolitionists and southerners fought frequently.
* The debate over slavery in the Western Territorys. * Lincoln (Repbulican) who believed slavery should not spread and Douglas believed that is should be decided by Popular Sovereignty. * Missouri Compromise, The Compromise of 1850, Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the Dred Scott decision * It was decided that the police would enfore the voters decision if their Popu;ar Sovereignty contradicted the Supreme Court's decision. * The Freeport Doctrine was created, Lincoln became an inportant leader of the Republican Party, and Douglas won the senate seat. * Lincoln went from being a reletively unknown man to a leader of the Republican Party.
* Sectionalism threatened the Union. Missouri tried to join the Union but there were 11 slave and 11 free states. This would cause an imblaence of power between Free and Slave States. * The industrial North and the agrarian South argued over if Missouri shoud be admitted into the Union. The North wanted Missouri to be admitted as a Free State. The South wanted Missouri to become a Slave State. * The Louisana Purchase led up to this because the territory of Missouri was purchased in the treaty. * Missouri would enter the Union as a Slave State. Maine would join the Union as a Free State, keeping the number of Free and Slave States equal. Slavery would be prohibited in any new territorys or States formed north of 36 30' latitude- Missouri's Southern border. * This kept the balence of Free and Slave States equal. This made sure Slave States could not be formed in the North. * North: Maine entered the Union as a Free State. South: Missouri entered the Union as a Slave State. General: Stopped the spread of slavery in Northern Territorys.
* California was beomcing a state. This was a problm becasuse it would unbalence the free and slave states. California was a free state under Mexican rule, they then applied to be a free state under America. The South was against this course of action. * The people that were involved ranged from Free States to Slave States. To Northern Abolitionists and Southhern Slave owners. * The events that led up to this was America's war witrh Mexico and the annexation of California. * The Compromise of 1850, written by Henry Clay stated California would be admitted as a free state, Texas would give up its land claims east of the upper Rio Grande. A new fugitive slave act would be written up. *The new Fugitive Slave Act made it a federal crime to assist runaway slaves and it allowed slaves to be arrested where slavery was illigal. * The Slave Act caused 343 cases in ten years and only in 11 cases ddi the slaves go free. There was also a $10 reward to give the African Americans to the slaver. There was only a $5 reward to keep them out of slavery.