Almost wiped out the European people.
Created by Spartan117 on Nov 4, 2010
Last updated: 04/10/11 at 08:09 PM
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Took place in Ireland, in hopes of ridding the country of British rule and bringing in the Irish Republic.
Basically, the People's Budget greatly increased the taxes on the wealthy class in order for more programs to be put in place to help the poor. The wealthy class was angry and upset by the new law.
Social democrats led an uprising in Moscow in hopes of ridding the government and its October Manifesto that caused the revolution. Middle-class moderates helped the government repress the uprising and survive as a constitutional monarchy.
Killed by a group of terrorists, this led to an era of reform in Russia to come to a halt.
Construction Company connected with the building of the Union Pacific Railroad and involved in one of the major financial scandals in American history.
Established in 1866, it was known as a "dual monarchy" in which it divided the nation into two.
Dominated by Prussia, it replaced the German Confederation and included the states that had supported Prussia in the Austro-Prussian War (1866). The executive power was vested in the king of Prussia, and the states retained their own governments.
Ended slavery in the United States after the Civil War. The amendment hurt the relationship between Britain and the U.S because Britain relied heavily on the United States' production of cotton.
Guerrilla army of Guiseppe Girabaldi who invaded Sicily in 1860 in an attempt to "liberate" it and won the hearts of the Sicilian peasantry.
After the war between France, Austria, and Sardinia, where France goaded Austria in attacking Sardinia, France made a peace with Austria called the Treaty of Villafranca. The treaty gave Lombardy to Sardinia.
Famous architectural masterpiece which consisted solely of glass and iron.
Conspiring with key army officers, Napoleon dismissed the Assembly and led a coup detat against the government, seizing the throne. All uprisings were put down swiftly (South) and was then elected overwhelmingly.
Argued against Karl Marx, saying that socialists should form their own doctrines and tactics.
Jewish national movement of rebirth and renewal in the land of Israel, the historical birthplace of the Jewish people. Modern Zionism emerged in the late 19th century in response to the violent persecution of Jews in Eastern Europe, anti-Semitism in Western Europe.
Because of the Crimean War, Russia's radical reforms led to the abolition of serfdom, propelling Alexander II's popularity amongst the poor.
Nationalism is the pride in one's country. This rise in nationalism at this time led to disputes amongst European nations, threatening to end the peaceful era that the Quadruple Alliance had fought so hard to attain.
Meant to draw out a constitution for a unified Germany.
Limited the amount of hours for a child and woman to work to 10 hours a day. Allowed for free time and the general welfare of Britain's population.
Took place in Ireland in which a disease spread throughout all the potatoe plantations, killing all the crops for a period of 4 years. This led to an influx in Ireland immigratns in Europe from 1845-49.
Also known as the "People's Charter" drafted in 1838 by Lovette, was the center of a radical campaign for parliamentary reform because of the inequalities remaining after the Reform Act of 1832.
The German customs union.
Organized by Owen, a factory owner, as one of the largest and most visionary of the early national unions.
Ruled France from 1830-1848. Almost all classes of France disliked him because of his unjust or non reform ideals. He was removed from his throne and took refuge in England.
Published the "Condition of the Working Class in England" which stressed that the new poverty class was even worse than the old.
Called to order by Klemens von Metternich in reaction to an uprising in Austria. The result was a vow to aid any autocratic government under attack.
German philosopher that believed middle-class workers and the poor could never coexist peacefully. Wrote the Communist Manifesto
Because of the loss in the Crimean War, Alexander and Sergei Whitte plunged into an era of great reform and modernization. These ideas came from the west. Alexander II was assassinated by a small group of terrorists.
The allied countries that defeated Napoleon's army. It consists of Austria, Britain, Prussia and Russia.
Was the periodic meeting of the Quadruple Alliance (Russia, Prussia, Britain, and Austria) in order to discuss common interests and the maintainence of peace in Europe.
The principles of a theory of government in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and exercised by representatives they elect directly or indirectly and by an elected president.
Brought about by Louis Blanc, he pushed for government sponsored workshops for workers.
Napoleon was exiled for 100 days and upon his return, he fought at waterloo. His forces were destroyed and on June 18, 1815, he was imprisoned on St. Helena.
Theoretically a gift from the king but actually a response to political pressures which was basically a liberal constitution. It was undemocratic, but still protected the people against a return to royal absolutism and aristocratic privilege.
The meeting of Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Britain in order to discuss a peace settlement with France after they defeated France.
Leader of the Kingdom of Sardinia (Northern Italy) that met with Garibaldi and in turn, resulted in the unification of Italy under Bismarck. He also used France to start a war with Austria in hopes of furthering his plans of unification.
In the 1840's, Ireland had been decimated by famine, which fueled an Irish revolutionary movement. Thereafter, the English slowly granted concessions, such as the abolition of the privileges of the Anglican Church and rights for Irish peasants. Liberal Prime Minister William Gladstone (1809-1898), who had proclaimed twenty years earlier "my mission is to pacify Ireland," introduced bills to give Ireland self-government in 1886 and in 1893 which failed to pass.
Won the election because he promised universal male suffrage and the name Bonaparte was already famous and well known.. Although he ruled like his uncle, the way he passed laws was ingenious. They seemed to be for the people, but in fact, they had subliminal purposes unbeknownced to the public. Like the extension of roadways that made any type of rebellion or uprising almost impossible.
Basically, Garibaldi single-handedly united Italy but wanted the unification to be under Bismarck.
In 1867, Benjamin managed to extend the voting rights to all middle class and higher paid working men, for this, he was most famous.
Hungarian revolutionary leader that longed for Hungary's independence from Austria.
Outlawed unions and all forms of strikes.
Francis was the leader of the Czech cultural revival. He spoke of the nation's superiority over Germany.
Driven away from Rome during the upheavals of 1848 for a short period of time. He was opposed to the unification of Italy, along with the entire paupacy.
A greek general in the Russian army, Alexander's military background probably helped him lead Turks to fight for freedom in 1821.
A tariff or duty tax placed in imports, usually calculated as a percent of the price charged for the goods by foreign suppliers. Established by Hamilton which forced overseas manufacturers who wanted to access the U.S. markets to pay an import tax. The tariff failed because other countries followed suit.
Invented by Cartwright, this new invention saved labor costs.
A british chemist whose best works consisted of "Dictionary of Chemistry" and "New System of Geology."
A conservative and genius at the time, he was the prime minister who answered only to the Kaiser. He reunited Germany single-handedly and was praised for it.
Recardo was most known for his "iron law of wages" which said that because of the pressure of population growth, wages would always sink to subsistence level, that is, wages would be just high enough to keep workers from starving.
Described a socialist utopia in mathematical detail. He planned the building of towns, criticized middle-class family life and sexual and marriage customs. He believed that marriage was another form of prostitution. Because of this, Fourier called for the abolition of marriage, free unions based only on love, and sexual freedom. Somewhat of a radical.