Each event includes 2-3 explanation and a picture that illustrates the event.
Created by Tapanga on Jan 6, 2011
Last updated: 01/10/11 at 04:44 PM
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In 1991 the last occurrence of the Cold War took place. In the Soviet Union, many people were unhappy with the communist laws and citizens were giving the government a hard time. Eventually after protests and riots, the government started to give up and this led to the end of the Soviet Union.
After many years of the country Berlin split into two parts at the border, the government decided to make a change. The East government had had enough of keeping their citizens in their part of the country and simply allowed citizens to pass through the border and into the West side. After reuniting with family, the wall was destroyed. Citizens from both sides smashed and destroyed parts of the wall in their anger and frustration. To this day the country is one but society still remembers.
Nicknamed “Star Wars” the Strategic Defense Initiative was a project created by President Ronald Reagan in March of 1983. It focused on using ground-systems and space-systems to inform the United States about future potential upcoming missile attacks.
In November of 1969 the first step to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) Treaty was formed when the US and the Soviet Union had a meeting about boundaries on the number and sizes of missiles that should be allowed to be made between their country’s. At first neither country could agree on possible limitations and after several meetings ending the same way finally President Nixon on his first day in office on January 20, 1969, he decided to revisit the SALT treaty once again. After these new ideas from President Nixon were taken into account, together they came to the treaty conclusion.
The Vietnam War in 1954 had not started yet but actions during this time definitely did. One main event that happened was Vietnam gaining its freedom to govern its own country after the French had left. Once this happened the country was split into two different parts - North and South. At the time the South had an anti-communist government and the North had a communist government. During the 1960's North Vietnam starting to attack the South in a vicious battle. Soon after the Americans sent in many troops to defend the South. Unfortunately the Americans troops were loosing the battle and their numbers were decreasing. As a last attempt for the survivors, the Americans escaped in helicopters before the North could continue.
In April, 1962 the Soviet Union realized that their missile tactics were not up to what the American’s had and were equipped with. The Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev~soon came up with a plan to transport some of their missiles to Cuba as a strategic plan if the situation ever aroused to attack the USA and they would have an advantage to fight from two different places. The US soon found out about this plan and after days of debate on what to do they decided to propose to The Soviet Union that the missiles be removed and in return they would not invade Cuba. Eventually Khrushchev agreed to bring the missiles back to Cuba.
The cancellation of the Avro Arrow was and has been one of Canada's mysteries as to why the government inexplicably canceled the project. The Avro Arrow was seen as one of Canada's best inventions since at the time the Avro Arrow would have the fastest aircraft. This type of publicity would have been great for our country but just as fast as the project started, the government canceled it for reasons that are unknown.
The North Arrow Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) was created together with Canada and the United States as a system of air defense.
The Suez Crisis started when the United States removed the offer to repair one of Egypt's dams. At the same time Britain, France and Israel were planning to invade and take control of the Suez canal. After much negotiating and talk Britain and France were working together and agreed on the final plans. Later on the United States became aware of Israel's plans and asked for them to not attack and keep the peace. Unfortunately the attacks began and after many weeks of battle the Egyptians regained complete control of the canal again, but there was a restriction that all vessels from all nations were aloud free travel through it.
In 1955 the Warsaw pack was formed to counterpart the NATO agreement that was formed in 1949. This new treaty involved the most communist countries in Europe in this time period including the Soviet Union. Just as the NATO agreement, the Warsaw Pact concluded that in a time of hardship for one of their countries, the others would come to help.
In 1951 the first major conflict between North and South Korea started through a war. Canada had no major involvement in this war, but the Americans did because they helped protect South Korea.
The Soviet Union successfully detonated their first Atomic Bomb in 1949. The objective of this project was to have the capability to terminate the United States if the situation was to arise.
In April of 1949 a treaty by the name of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed by member of Britain, Canada and the United States. This treaty agreed that if any country were to attack them, together they would create a defense team against them.
The Gouzenko Affair was one of the main events that triggered the starting of the Cold War. Igor Gouzenko escaped from the Soviet Union and brought over to Canada confidential documents which proved that there were Soviet Union spies in Canada. At first Canadian citizens were skeptical and did not believe him, but after constant persistence Igor was found to be telling the truth and was safe to stay in Canada.
Once the League of Nations failed Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill decided to together develop The United Nations on January 1, 1942. It was a promise made to agree not to form any more alliances and once the war had concluded an official organization called the United Nations would be made.