This timeline shows some of our highlights from the last year.
Created by UNPeacekeeping on Dec 8, 2011
Last updated: 12/30/11 at 03:32 PM
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Voting for the parliamentary elections in Côte d'Ivoire took place on 11 December 2011. The elections took place almost a year after Alassane Ouattara won a disputed presidential run-off election that led to months of deadly violence when the runner-up and incumbent Laurent Gbagbo refused to step down.
The Head of the Mission in Côte d’Ivoire is mandated to certify that all stages of the legislative elections provide all the necessary guarantees for open, free, fair and transparent elections, in accordance with international standards and the agreed criteria.
UNOCI and the UN country team are mandated to support the organization and conduct of the legislative elections, provide appropriate logistical and technical assistance, and assist the national authorities to put in place effective security arrangements, taking into account the findings of the UN electoral needs assessment mission.
Five United Nations peacekeepers serving in Lebanon were injured after an explosion targeted at their vehicle in the country’s south. It was the third such attack in 2011.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, the Security Council and the mission’s Force Commander, Major-General Albert Asarta Cuevas, strongly condemned the attack, which followed the targeting of two UNIFIL logistics convoys by roadside bombs in May and July.
In a statement issued by the Secretary-General, Mr Ban said “The security and safety of all United Nations personnel in Lebanon is of paramount importance.”
Millions of Congolese went to the polls to cast their votes in presidential and parliamentary elections on 28 November 2011. More than 31 million people were registered to vote in the elections, according to media reports, with an estimated 19,000 candidates.
The UN Peacekeeping mission, MONUSCO, assisted the Commission Electorale Indépendante (CENI) throughout the voter registration process. As the elections neared, MONUSCO continued to provide CENI with technical and logistical support including on the deployment of electoral material, and by supporting the facilitation of dialogue between various Congolese stakeholders. The mission also has a role to monitor election-related human rights violations.
On 16 November 2011, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon congratulated the people of Liberia for exercising their right to vote in the presidential run-off election that took place on 8 November 2011, and commended the country’s authorities for conducting free, fair and transparent elections.
The United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL), assisted the Liberian Government and the National Elections Commission by providing logistical support, particularly the delivery of election material to remote areas, coordinating international electoral assistance, and supporting Liberian institutions and political parties in creating an atmosphere conducive to the conduct of peaceful elections.
UNMIL also provided logistical support for the deployment of electoral observers throughout the country. During the elections, UNMIL civilian staff monitored polling centres and the election atmosphere, and police and military personnel maintained a highly visible presence, both on the ground and in the air.
Susana Malcorra, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for the Department of Field Support, was honoured for her dedication to the United Nations and its work around the world at the UN Foundation Global Leadership Awards Dinner in New York.
The Department of Field Support provides dedicated support in the areas of finance, logistics, Information, communication and technology (ICT) and human resources to peacekeeping field missions and political field missions.
Photo: Diane Bondareff/Insider Images for United Nations Foundation.
On 3 October 2011, the swearing in ceremony for Mr. Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations took place at UN Headquarters in New York.
Mr Ladsous was Ambassador of France to the People’s Republic of China, before holding his position as Chief of Staff (Directeur de Cabinet) for the French Minister of Foreign and European Affairs.
On 21 September, the International Day of Peace, Peter Yeo, Executive Director of the Better World Campaign, presented Edmond Mulet, Acting head of UN Peacekeeping with samples of the 16,000 notes of thanks to UN peacekeepers received during the 'Thank A Peacekeeper' Campaign.
These thank you notes came from every state of the USA.
The presentation was part of the International Day of Peace, and took place alongside a screening and panel discussion in New York of the documentary film 'The War against War'.
After three years as the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Mr. Alain Le Roy left the United Nations in August 2011. Since his appointment in June 2008, he managed some 16 United Nations peace operations deployed around the world - steering some through major crises - and oversaw a number of key achievements.
Under Mr. Le Roy’s leadership, UN Blue Helmets made a difference around the globe, including by leading the first response to the devastating earthquake in Haiti, supporting the recent referendum in South Sudan, and overcoming the post-electoral crisis in Côte d’Ivoire.
Amid great jubilation, South Sudan became the world's newest State on 9 July 2011, formally seceding from Sudan to attain independence in the culmination of a United Nations-facilitated peace process that ended decades of conflict.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who was among the dozens of dignitaries from across the world attending the independence ceremony in the new country's capital, Juba, congratulated the people of South Sudan, pledging that the United Nations would help the new nation establish effective institutions of governance.
In adopting resolution 1996 (2011) on 8 July 2011, the Security Council determined that the situation faced by South Sudan continued to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region. The Security Council established a new peacekeeping mission, the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS), for an initial period of one year.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and Crown Prince Felipe of Spain opened the UN Support Base in Valencia on 6 July 2011.
The Base is an integral part of the UN Global Field Support Strategy and the organization’s overall information and telecommunications plan. It will work in conjunction with the existing UN Logistics Base in Brindisi, Italy, to enhance our capacity to respond in an agile and efficient manner to crises around the world.
The Security Council, by its resolution 1990 of 27 June 2011, responded to the urgent situation in Sudan’s Abyei region by establishing the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA).
The Security Council was deeply concerned by the violence, escalating tensions and population displacement.
The operation was mandated to monitor the flashpoint border between north and south, and authorized to use force in protecting civilians and humanitarian workers in Abyei.
UNISFA’s establishment came after the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) reached an agreement in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to demilitarize Abyei and let Ethiopian troops to monitor the area.
The ninth annual International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers was observed on 29 May.
This year, we highlighted the important work that our peacekeepers are doing to strengthen the rule of law in many of the war-torn countries where they serve.
UN police officers are deployed in 16 peacekeeping and special political missions and are responsible for training, monitoring local police performance and helping to restructure and reform national and local police services.
UN corrections officers and judicial experts are deployed in peacekeeping missions to train and mentor court and corrections personnel while helping build or rebuild courthouses and prisons.
Secretary General Ban Ki-moon attended the inauguration of Côte d'Ivoire's President Alassane Ouattara in the country's political capital, Yamoussoukro, during which the new leader reiterated his commitment to promoting reconciliation, dialogue and peace following the recent post-election violence.
Our peacekeeping mission UNOCI has remained on the ground to support the new Ivorian Government.
Tragically, on 4 April, a UN plane crashed at the main airport in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Only one person out of 33 passengers and crew members survived.
All but five of the passengers worked for the UN, with the others working for international organizations or non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Most of the UN staff on board worked for the UN Peacekeeping mission MONUSCO.
1 April saw a deadly attack on the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA).
A large crowd of demonstrators, angry at the burning of a copy of the Koran by a United States group, stormed the UN Mission's office in Mazar-i-Sharif and killed a number of people, including three UN staff members.
Côte d'Ivoire was plunged into turmoil following incumbent President Laurent Gbagbo’s refusal to concede defeat in the 28 November 2010 second round of elections to his opponent, former Prime Minister Alassane Ouattara.
The international community strongly backed the legitimacy of Mr. Ouattara's victory, with the United Nations, the African Union (AU), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the European Union (EU) and others recognizing him as the duly elected leader of Côte d'Ivoire.
On 30 March 2011, the Security Council passed resolution 1975 (2011), repeating its calls for Mr. Gbagbo to step down and urging an immediate end to the violence against civilians. The Council reaffirmed the mandate of the UN Peacekeeping mission UNOCI to protect civilians, including preventing the use of heavy weaponry against them.
On 11 April, following military operations conducted by UNOCI, forces loyal to President Alassane Ouattara, and French Licorne troops, Mr. Gbagbo was arrested and placed in the custody of President Ouattara’s Government.
The Timorese National Police (PNTL) resumed full policing authority in the country following a hand over ceremony from the UN in Dili.
The United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT) completed the transfer of responsibility five years after the Government requested UNMIT to assume policing authority in Timor-Leste following a period of instability.
The first round of presidential and legislative elections took place on 28 November 2010 in Haiti. The run-off round took place on 20 March and was won by popular musician Michel Martelly.
Our peacekeeping mission MINUSTAH was committed to supporting the government hold free and fair elections that reflected the will of the Haitian people. The mission did this through the provision of technical, logistical, and administrative assistance as well as providing continued security.
In early 2011, UNAMID, the African Union and United Nations Peacekeeping Mission in Darfur, distributed 30,000 water rollers to returnee villages across Darfur with limited access to water resources.
Long years of conflict and the effects of climate change have made water an increasingly precious and contentious commodity for the people of Darfur.
The link between water and peace inspired UNAMID to collaborate with Sudan water officials on a two-day Darfur International Conference on Water for Sustainable Peace held in June 2011. More than 500 water experts, Darfur and Sudanese government figures, UN and other international organizations and donors attended the Conference, which sought to raise $1 billion to fund a six-year series of projects to develop a stable and equitable water service system for all Darfur states.
“This is the beginning of the process,” said Mohamed B. Yonis, Deputy Special Representative of UNAMID, in closing the conference. “The real work remains to ensure that what we have started here is realized fully. We need your continued support and commitment to bring the issue of water to the forefront as an instrument of peace.”
The referendum to determine the status of Southern Sudan was held on schedule in January 2011, with the overwhelming majority, 98.83% of participants, voting for independence.
The Sudanese authorities were responsible for the referendum process. Our peacekeeping missions provided technical and logistical assistance to the CPA parties’ referendum preparations.
The Secretary-General welcomed the announcement of the final results, stating that they were reflective of the will of the people of southern Sudan.