Revolutions in Ireland, Belgium, Switzerland, Hungary, the German States, Denmark, and Schleswig (a region containing Danes and Germans) were inspired by the French Revolution of 1848 occurred. The main causes included low wages, unsafe working conditions, high taxes, lack of freedom and democracy, and a rising sense of nationalism. The revolutions were a failure, as no significant political, economic, or social changes occurred.
Period of social and political upheaval in French history. Events include the storming of the Bastille, execution of Louis XVI, the Reign of Terror, and figures such as the Committee of Public Safety and Maximilien Robespierre. Ended with the rise of Napolean I.
The ousting of James II of England by a combined force of Parliament and William of Orange. The Revolution marked the end of Catholicism being the official religion of England and established Parliamentary Democracy under an English Bill of Rights, thus marking the end of absolute monarchical rule in England.
Fighting was between the Roundheads, who were supporters of Parliament and the Cavaliers, who were the supports of the king, Charles I. Constant demands for tax increases and the constant dissolution of Parliament by Charles was the main cause of the revolution, in which Charles I is defeated and executed and Oliver Cromwell is established as Lord Protector (ruler) of England.
A strained economy in the Holy Roman Empire due to the threat of Ottoman infringement on the boarders leads to increased demand of production from the peasants. A peasant revolt against the nobility ensued, but was quickly crushed within a few days.