Recent Event Highlights: Reform Act of 1867, Reform Act of 1832, and 3 more...
Created by abkachmi on Mar 29, 2011
Last updated: 04/01/11 at 08:22 AM
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The reform act of 1867 was a continuation of the reform act of 1832. While the first act helped great Britain it did not solve all the problems for example many middle/ lower class people could still not vote. The death of the prime minister allowed John Russell to be elected to the position. Russell had been advocating for voting rights for working men but not unskilled workers and the very poor. Parliament did not react well to Russell's proposal and he ended up resigning in 1866. William Gladstone became the new leader of the Liberal Party. The Conservative Party began to worry that they would be seen as anti reform especially against the Liberals who kept trying to reform. Benjamin Disraeli leader of House of Commons was so worried about this happening the Conservative party he proposed a new Reform Act. The measure eventually passed and the Reform Act of 1867 granted voting rights to every adult urban male and any male who paid more than 10 Euros for an unfurnished room. This turned out to give voting rights to 1.5 men. Also, the parliament seats nearly doubled. Soon other countries started following Britain's lead.
The Chartist movement started with the People's Charter of 1838. This charter had six goals: every man can vote, votes are kept secret, payment of members which is a salary for people working in the governmental system, Equal Constituencies which has a set number of representation in parliament, and annual parliament ensured that representatives could not buy constituencies within a twelve month period. This charter was extremely important to the working class English citizens because it allowed them to have a say in the electron of parliament representatives. It also helped members of parliament because it gave the officials a salary for their services in governmental affairs. The charter allowed for more frequent elections of representatives helping to eliminate time for corruption in long term officials. The People's Charter of 1838 is significant in the growth of liberalism because it annexed new laws that supported freedom of the people to vote and ability to help run the government. This helped in the change from having a branch of government that dominated the rule to a more separate and more equally run society. 1. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1838chartism.html 2. http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/takingliberties/staritems/159peoplescharterpic.html
Over all the Great Reform of 1832 was to allow more British citizens to vote and assign parliament seats based on population. Before this parliament seats were not assigned by population and with the urbanization of cities now there were few parliament seats assigned to very heavily populated cities. Also, not that many people were aloud to vote. Some restrictions included amount of many made, owned property, etc. The French Revolution of 1930 inspired economic and political change in Britain. In the 1830 elections the old prime minister was outed. In March 1832 a reform bill passed supporting more voters and equal distribution of parliament seats. The bill was vetoed in the house and new prime minister resigned as a protest. Later the king helped passed the bill and the new prime minister returned. This was a huge first step in the fight for suffrage.
After living under the Ottoman rule for 300 rules, the people of Serbia (Serbs) battle the Ottomans for independence and a liberal life, in a guerilla war. This war went on for 9 years from 1804 - 1813. This event is important because it is the first battle for liberalism. Guerilla warfare is the use of hit-and run tactics by small, mobile groups of irregular forces operating in territory controlled by a hostile, regular force. Serbian forces had a total of 25,000 Combat forces while the Ottomans totaled over 400,000 combat forces. The serbians however proved strong fighters in the end were freed of ottoman rule in the end. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/guerrilla+warfare http://www.militantginger.com/2007/12/kosovo.html
On the day January 21, 1793 the French King by the name of Louis XVI was executed for his actions of, “conspiracy against the public liberty and the general safety.” As said time and time again that the ism of Liberalism deals with the importance of liberty and equal rights. So, with King Louis, he really didn’t flourish those two things upon the economy he was ruling. He was liked by a lot of his economy and the voting was close for his execution. Three-hundred and sixty-one people voted for hit and one hundred and eighty-eight voted against. Royalty across Europe was outraged who (neutral countries) then joined the war against revolutionary France.