Recent Event Highlights: Student Massacre and the Black Power Movement, Free Countries vs. Communist Countries , London Olympics, Post World War II, World War II , Berlin Olympics, Nazi Power , Berlin Olympics Cancelled, and 10 more...
Created by aidugan02 on Feb 4, 2014
Last updated: 02/16/14 at 03:49 PM
For a Canadian video in response to the subject of gay rights in Russia, see below.
During a question and answer session, in regard to treatment of gay athletes during the games, Putin said, "One can feel calm and at ease. Just leave kids alone, please."
The 2014 Sochi games have been some of the most contested in recent years. Russia's anti-gay policies bring human rights into question. The United States responded by sending in many openly gay athletes as part of the official US delegation.
The US Homeland Security department has warned airlines of "toothpaste terrorism" threats. There is a general fear of terrorism occurring during the Sochi games, with 57% of Americans saying they believe it is "likely".
In Sochi, stray dogs have been (and are continuously being) killed in an effort to make the city more "presentable" for the games. When this news item hit, the media expressed outrage, with little response from the government. The living conditions for Olympians are, reportedly, less than ideal: water runs like "hot cider", and a photo of a toilet with all its parts attached in the wrong order has become internet famous.
Human rights groups protested the 2008 games in Beijing, saying that the Olympics legitimized China's oppressive regime and policies in Darfur. Steven Spielberg, an original contributor to the Opening Ceremonies, withdrew from participating.
The 1992 Barcelona games included South Africa for the first time since 1960.
During the 1980 Opening Ceremonies in Moscow, many nations chose to march under the flag of the Olympics, rather than their own country's flag.
The 1972 Munich games were supposed to be a “return to full acceptance” of Germany. The first week went well: an American Jewish swimmer was the star of the games. Further into the games, eleven Israeli athletes, a West German police officer, and five Black September terrorists were killed.
In the 1968 Mexico City Olympics, government protesters were killed in the plaza before the games had officially begun. In the midst of the Black Power Movement in the United States, runners Tommy Smith and John Carlos raised the Black Power Salute on the podium as "The Star Spangled Banner" played.
The 1964 Tokyo games were thought of as Japan's "coming out party" after the war, for which Japan spent huge amounts of money. This was the beginning of huge spending on the Olympics. The IOC asked the South African committee to denounce segregation, and revoked South Africa's invitation when they failed to comply.
At the 1956 Melbourne games, the Chinese boycotted the Olympic Committee's inclusion of Taiwan. Spain, Switzerland, and the Netherlands withdrew in support of Hungary. The water polo semi final between Hungary and the Soviet Union lead to violence and was terminated by the referee (not before the athletes drew blood). Egypt, Iraq, and Lebanon boycotted the games to protest Israel's invasion of the Sinai Peninsula and Britain's action in the Suez Canal. East and West Germany competed in the Olympics as a unified team.
The 1952 Olympics were held in Helsinki. The Soviet Union competed for the first time since becoming a Bolshevik nation. The games became a sort of world competition: democratic countries versus communist countries.
The 1948 Olympics in London symbolized that following WWII, the show would go on. The Soviet Union did not attend, adn Japan and Germany were not invited. Participation in the Olympics symbolized political recognition. For the first time, the games were shown on TV.
Both the 1940 and 1944 Olympics were cancelled because of WWII. Originally, Japan was to host both events.
In the 1936 Berlin Olympics, Nazis attempted to use the games as a political platform. This failed: Jesse Owens, a black American athlete, won four gold medals. One version of the story says that Hitler refused to shake the champion's hand. The 1936 Olympics were the first to feature the torch relay, an event designed by the Nazi party-- the only Nazi symbol still in widespread use.
In the 1928 Olympics in Amsterdam, Germany was allowed to compete for the first time since WWI. Despite complaints from Pope Pius, women were allowed to compete in track and field events for the first time.
The Antwep Olympics did not allow Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Turkey, or Hungary to participate as a symbolic exlcusion because of these countries' roles in World War I. The absence of the Soviet Union demonstrated the new nation's unstable beginning.
With many countries in the midst of World War I, the Berlin 1916 Olympics were cancelled.
Irish athlete Peter O'Connor won a gold medal for Great Britain in the triple jump. O'Connor did not want to be seen as an English competitor, so he climbed up the flag pole while waving the Irish flag. This was one of the first manifestations of political tension in the Olympics.