Created by alexza on Mar 9, 2011
Last updated: 03/21/11 at 10:15 AM
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The Peace Commission representing the United States included Albert Gallatin, Henry Clay, John Quincy Adams, and John Holmes. The Treaty of Ghent,in Ghent, Belgium, ended the War of 1812 between the United States and United KingdomThe U.S. Senate unanimously advised ratification on February 16, 1815. President James Madison ratified the treaty on February 17 at which time the ratifications were exchanged.In signing the treaty, the Americans ended up abandoning both of their primary goals in starting the war: to expand their territory by seizing control of the British colonies to the north in what would later become Canada, and to stop the forcible boarding of sovereign U.S. ships on the high seas by the warships of the British Royal Navy searching for deserters and enforcing the British blockade against Napoléon.
Fighting against the British was a diverse force of soldiers, sailors, and militia, including Indians and African Americans.Fighting for Britain was the finest white and black troops drawn from Europe and the West Indies. And among the British forces were the First and Fifth West India Regiments, made up of about one thousand black soldiers from Jamaica, Barbados, and the Bahamas. Some of these units recruited and trained American slaves who escaped to British lines, attracted by the promise of freedom. The fighting in Louisiana was really a series of battles for New Orleans A: The Americans had more people willing to fight with them
A gathering of New England Federalists met at Hartford, Conn., to call for states' rights. The Constitutional amendments proposed there reflected the delegates' hostility toward the South and West. The War of 1812 was very unpopular in commercial New England. The delegates drafted proposals for constitutional amendments that would challenge what they saw as President James Madison's military despotism and force him to resign. A: There was more people who wanted Madison to resign D:The president still went with the treaty
The fort's defenders held firm while the British bombarded Fort McHenry. It was the valiant defense of Fort McHenry by American forces during the British attack that inspired 35-year old, poet-lawyer Francis Scott Key to write the poem which was to become our national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner. A:
the Native American tribe, the Creeks, sided with the British. Jackson managed to raise a Tennessee militia and Lower Creek and Cherokee warriors. . A series of raids was launched against frontier farms and settlements, and losses were heavy.Fort Mims, a small outpost north of Mobile, was overrun; warriors ignored pleas for restraint from their leader Red Eagle and slaughtered more than 500 settlers of both genders and all ages. A: Jackson stiffened his men's backs. D: Jackson's force was ill-trained.
General William Henry Harrison led the army. The British troops were under the command of Colonel Henry Procter. Tecumseh commanded the Indian warriors. The Indians wanted to try and take their land back. british A: the British got help from Tecumseh and his tribe D: the Americans had outnumbered the British
The Americans were fighting the British. The American fleet under Oliver Hazard Perry had gained the upper hand on Lake Erie.. Without control of the lake, food supplies were running dangerously low. There was no more money to pay the army its wages and the navy’s sailors had been reduced to half-rations.Immediately after the battle Perry sat down to scribble the dispatch that became the most-quoted phrase of the war: “We have met the enemy and they are ours.” A: Oliver hazard gained the upper hand for the Americans. D: The British were outnumbered by the Americans.
The Constitution was commanded by Captain Isaac Hull while the Guerriere was commanded by Captain Dacres., was looking for a fight. A: victories in ship to ship combat D: ships number size of guns number of crewmen
The United States declared War on Great Britain. The central dispute surrounded the impressment of American soldiers by the British. The British had previously attacked the USS Chesapeake and nearly caused a war two years earlier. In addition, disputes continued with Great Britain over the Northwest Territories and the border with Canada. The British had also been supplying Native American tribes with weapons that were being used to attack the southern and western states of the U.S. A: the small U.S navy was efficient and well trained. the war was close to home. D: the war wasn't popular with Americans