Created by anapom on Apr 14, 2011
Last updated: 05/06/11 at 09:36 AM
First 16 American Presidents Timeline has no followers yet. Be the first one to follow.
Abraham Lincoln was a republican. Before Lincoln became President, he was involved in the Lincoln-Douglas Debates over slavery during the Illinois Senate Race in 1858. South Carolina, Texas, Florida, Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas, and Virginia seceded from the U.S. before Lincoln even became President in fear that he would ban slavery.
Confederate troops fire on U.S. troops at Fort Sumter. This was the beginning of a four year Civil War.
James Buchanan was a democrat. He was from Pennsylvania and never married.
Dred Scott from Missouri was a slave who asked the Court to give him freedom because he had lived for a long time with his owner in a territory where slavery was illegal under the Missouri Comprise. Roger Tanney was the Supreme Court Chief Justice who ruled that the Missouri Comprise was unconstitutional, repealed laws that restricted the rights that Americans could own slaves, and black (free or slave) are not allowed to be U.S.citizens. President Buchanan supported the decision.
Franklin was a democrat. He was from New Hampshire. Franklin had 3 kids and they all died. Pierce was a lawyer, democrat, in the Senate and House of Representatives, and an officer in the Mexican War before becoming president.
American reformers, William Lloyd Garrison, Harriet Tubman, and Frederick Douglass, worked to end slavery and improve the United States. They wanted to improve: 1. education 2. lives of the poor 3. factory conditions 4. treatment of the mentally ill 5. rights' of women They lived in Ideal Communities, where people lived and worked together in peace and harmony (Shakers).
Millard was a part of the whig political party. He was from New York.
These laws were put together by Henry Clay to please both the North and the South. This Comprise was pleasing to the North because it allowed California as a free state and Washington D.C. became a free city that banned slavery. It pleased the South because Utah and New Mexico could decide if that wanted to be a free or slave state which was called popular sovereignty.
Zachary Taylor was part of the whig political party. He was from Kentucky.
Gold was discovered in California. America had its first "gold rush".
This treaty divided the Oregon country into two different regions. British took the land North of the 49th parallel. The U.S. took the land South of the 49th parallel. For America, this gained land eventually became the states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.
James Knox Polk was a democrat. He was from Tennessee. Polk was Tennessee's governor, senator, and representative. James Polk supported slavery and states' rights. Before he became president he made some goals he wanted to accomplish. 1. reduce tariffs on imports 2. re-establish an Independent Treasury 3. settle dispute with British over Oregon Country 4. gain California for the United States. James accomplished all these goals in one president term.
In 1843, the Oregon Country was under control of Great Britain and the United States. An American missionary led 1,000 pioneers in wagon trains from Independence, Missouri to the Oregon Country. This became known as the Oregon Trail. This was the longest of the overland routes used in westward expansion. It was 2,000 miles long and took 6 months to cross. The largest fort along the Oregon Trail was Fort Laramie.
John Tyler was William H. Henry's vice president. He finished the 9th term after William H. Henry died.
William was a whig. He died after a month as president. Although he was only president a month, he had the longest anogeral speech.
Martin Van Buren was a Democrat. Before becoming president, Martin was Andrew Jackson's vice president.
This economic depression was caused by Andrew Jackson trying to destroy the Bank of the United States. Banks started issuing their own money to make loans which was supposed to be backed up with gold or silver in the 1830s. The banks started issuing out more money than they could back up. People began to panick and tried to withdrawn their money. Banks then started closing.
Andrew Jackson had to deal with the rights of American Indians as president. He believed that American Indians were not citizens of the United States or shouldn't be. Jackson pushed the Cherokee, Creek, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole out of their farms and move to the Indiana Territory in the west. (Oklahoma) The Cherokee had the toughest time moving. There was 15,000 men, women, and children that had to march 1,200 miles. This Act became known as the "Trail of Tears" because 4,000 Cherokee died of starvation and diseases along the way.
Andrew Jackson was a democrat. He was a military officer before becoming president. Jackson won the Battle of New Orleans as a military officer. Andrew is from Nashville, Tennesse.
These canals were made to make transportation easier. Also to increase transportation of goods from the Atlantic Ocean to the nation's interior. The canals were completed in 1850. By now it was already replaced by railroads.
John Quincy Adams was the sixth president of the United States. He was a Democratic-Republican.
The Missouri Comprise was an issue about slavery. If Missouri became a state that would mean that there would be a power shift in Congress to the North if added as free state and to the South if added as a slave state. This was arranged by Henry Clay.
James Monroe was a fifth president and was a Democratic-Republican. James was an officer in the Revolutionary War before becoming the fifth president. He also was a U.S. Senator, Secretary of War and State during the War of 1812, a minister to France, Britain, and Spain, and the Governer of Virginia.
In the Louisiana Territory there was a failed slave revolt. To warn other slaves who might also try to gain freedom they beheaded 66 slaves and placed the heads on a roadside.
James Madison became the fourth president of the United States. He was a Democratic-Republican. He grew up in Virginia and called his home Montpelier. Which was a large slave plantation. Madison was involved in the Marbury vs. Madison case in 1803.
The French were willing to sell the area then known as the Lousinana Territory. France's ruler, Napolean sold it to the United States for $15 million. That is less than 3 cents an acre. Thomas Jefferson bought this land because it more than doubled the size of the United States.
Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the United States. He was a Democratic-Republican. Jefferson was a skilled architect and built the state capital of Virginia and his house, Montechello. He was born in Virginia and grew up there.
President John Adams sent representatives to Paris, France to negotiate a treaty. The representatives returned news that the French demanded bribes just to meet with the Americans.
John Adams was the second president of the United States. He was a Federalist. John was George Washington's vice president.
Eli Whitney invented the Cotton Gin. It's purpose was to remove seeds from cotton. This was equivalent to the work of 50 people. Some affects of the Cotton Gin were slavery increased, people moved from the country to the city, cloth production increased in New England, and cotton became the most important product of the South.
George Washington was the first President of the United States. He was a famous American General before he became President. George didn't follow any specific political party. He grew up in Virginia and learned manners and knowledge there.