Black students were not allowed to enter Central High. They were kept from entering Central High by National Guardsmen. This challenged their human rights because they were prevented from going to the school and were separated from the white students.
A fourteen year old teenage boy named Emmett was murdered when he was visiting his relatives in Chicago. Emmett was dared from his mates to speak flirtatiously to a white woman, saying "Bye Baby" as he left a local store. Several nights later the woman’s husband and her brother forced Emmett into their car and drove away. Till’s body was found three days later in the Tallhatchie River. There was barbed wire around his neck, a bullet in his skull, one eye gouged out, and his forehead was crushed on one side. Despite overwhelming evidence of guilt based on eye-witness testimony, Bryant and Milan were found “not guilty” by an all-white, all-male jury. “The murder of Emmett Till had a powerful impact on a new generation of blacks. It was this generation, those who were adolescents when Till was killed, that would soon demand justice and freedom in a way unknown in America before."
A 43 year old black woman named Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat near the front of the bus for a white man. She was challenged by her human rights because black people must give up their seats to whites, which was a city law. Rosa Parks was challenged because it was against the law to disobey a white man when she refused to give up her seat. This arrest opened up many opportunities to take a stand against racial discrimination. The blacks in Montgomery began distributing thousands of leaflets calling for the city's 50 000 blacks to protest by boycotting the city buses for a day. This worked and the City bus lines were almost empty. The one-day boycott was a powerful success.
Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme court. They established separate public schools for black and white students. This denied black students equal from educational opportunities.