My take on a timeline of different Operating systems
Created by b0red on Jan 15, 2011
Last updated: 02/07/11 at 11:04 AM
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=== Announcing Ubuntu 4.10 "The Warty Warthog Release" ===
The warm-hearted Warthogs of the Warty Team are proud to present the
very first release of Ubuntu!
Ubuntu is a new Linux distribution that brings together the extraordinary
breadth of Debian with a fast and easy install, regular releases (every
six months), a tight selection of excellent packages installed by default
and a commitment to security updates with 18 months of security and
technical support for every release.
You get a distribution that is:
* absolutely committed to free software, every end-user application
CD is free software
* 100% free of charge, and the Ubuntu team is committed to keeping
Ubuntu free of charge
* security updates for the distribution at no charge for 18 months
for any release
* updated to the latest desktop and kernel and infrastructure every
six months with a new release
* supports x86, amd64 and ppc processors, with additional ports under
If you've heard all about Ubuntu and just want to get the install CD or
test the Release Candidate Live CD, you can download it here immediately:
If you want a shrinkwrapped CD we will gladly ship it to you at no cost.
To receive a complimentary copy of the Warty Warthog CD -- or a handful
to give to your friends, your school or LUG, register online at:
For more information, you can turn to any of the following resources:
Ubuntu Website: http://www.ubuntulinux.org
The website contains some basic background on Ubuntu, an
overview of the project, information on how to get it, and
some documentation for the software.
Ubuntu Wiki: http://wiki.ubuntulinux.org
The wiki is a shared web space used by the Ubuntu community to
develop new ideas for Ubuntu. Anybody is welcome to edit and
add to the wiki.
Ubuntu IRC Channel: #ubuntu and on irc.freenode.net
The Ubuntu IRC channel is your best place to start for help and
discussion about Ubuntu and the Warty Warthog release. We aim
to keep the signal-to-noise ratio as high as possible on that
channel, and on all community forums.
Ubuntu Mailing Lists:
Ubuntu mailing lists are the heart of our community. In addition to the
announcement list, and lists for users and developers of Ubuntu,
there are now Ubuntu mailing lists in German, French, Spanish as well
as lists devoted to Ubuntu security, news, translators, and the
inevitable lighthearted chitchat list ("the Sounder"). To get more
information or subscribe, visit:
Warty Warthog Features
* Simple and fast Installation
Ubuntu comes on one single CD, with thousands of extra packages
available online. The install is optimised for speed and
simplicity. Ubuntu has excellent support for laptops (both
x86 based and Powerbook / iBook PPC based), and can also be
setup in a minimalist server configuration.
* GNOME 2.8
Ubuntu was the first distribution to ship Gnome 2.8, on the day
of the 2.8 release. Ubuntu is a great way to try out Gnome 2.8 if
you have not already experienced its speed and simplicity.
* Firefox 0.9 (with security patches)
* First class productivity software
Evolution 2.0 and OpenOffice.org 1.1.2
* XFree86 4.3 with improved hardware support
We also worked hard to detect as much hardware as possible,
simplifying the X install considerably.
Warty can be installed in a minimalist mode for servers, or in full
desktop mode. It works well on laptops and desktops. Warty is secure
by design - a key goal was to ensure that Warty was as safe from attack
over the internet as possible after a default install.
Thanks to the team of professional and volunteer maintainers who have
worked so hard to bring the Warthog to life, and also to our rapidly
growing community, who have provided excellent testing and ideas for
the future of Ubuntu!
"Ubuntu" is an ancient African word for "humanity towards others", and
we think it's a perfect name for an open source community project. In
that spirit we invite you to join, to contribute and to share Ubuntu
with your own community. Our next release, the Hoary Hedgehog, is due
in six months time. You can help to shape it by joining the team
and contributing your own expertise. See you at #ubuntu on
Windows 2.0 is a 16-bit Microsoft Windows graphical user interface-based operating environment that was released in November 1987 and superseded Windows 1.0.
Windows 1.0 is a 16-bit graphical operating environment that was released on 20 November 1985. It was Microsoft's first attempt to implement a multi-tasking graphical user interface-based operating environment on the PC platform. Windows 1.0 was the first version of Windows launched. It was succeeded by Windows 2.0.
The Sinclair QL (for Quantum Leap), was a personal computer launched by Sinclair Research in 1984, as the successor to the Sinclair ZX Spectrum. The QL was aimed at the hobbyist and small business markets, but failed to achieve commercial success.
On January 24, 1984, Apple Computer Inc. (now Apple Inc.) introduced the Macintosh personal computer, with the Macintosh 128K model, which came bundled with what was later renamed the Mac OS operating system, but then known simply as the System Software. The Macintosh is often credited with popularizing the graphical user interface. The Mac OS has been pre-installed on almost every Macintosh computer sold. The operating system is also sold separately at Apple retail stores, and online. The original Macintosh system software was partially based on the Lisa OS, previously released by Apple for the Lisa computer in 1983 and, as part of an agreement allowing Xerox to buy shares in Apple at a favorable rate, it also used concepts from the Xerox PARC Xerox Alto, which Steve Jobs and several other Macintosh team members had previewed.
The ZX Spectrum (Z pronounced "Zed" in its original British English branding) is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research Ltd. Referred to during development as the ZX81 Colour and ZX82, the machine was launched as the ZX Spectrum by Sinclair to highlight the machine's colour display, compared with the black-and-white of its predecessor, the Sinclair ZX81. The Spectrum was released in eight different models, ranging from the entry level model with 16 KB RAM released in 1982 to the ZX Spectrum +3 with 128 KB RAM and built in floppy disk drive in 1987, together they sold in excess of 5 million units worldwide
The Spectrum was among the first mainstream audience home computers in the UK, similar in significance to the Commodore 64 in the USA. The introduction of the ZX Spectrum led to a boom in companies producing software and hardware for the machine, the effects of which are still seen; some credit it as the machine which launched the UK IT industry. Licensing deals and clones followed, and earned Clive Sinclair a knighthood for "services to British industry".
The Commodore 64, BBC Microcomputer and later the Amstrad CPC range were major rivals to the Spectrum in the UK market during the early 1980s. The ZX Spectrum has enjoyed a resurgence in popularity thanks to the accessibility of ZX Spectrum emulators, allowing 1980s video game enthusiasts to enjoy classic titles without the long loading times associated with data cassettes. Over 20,000 titles have been released since the Spectrum's launch and new titles continue to be released, with over 60 new ones in 2009.
The ZX81 was a home computer produced by Sinclair Research and manufactured in Scotland by Timex Corporation. It was launched in the United Kingdom in March 1981 as the successor to Sinclair's ZX80 and was designed to be a low-cost introduction to home computing for the general public. It was hugely successful and more than 1.5 million units were sold before it was eventually discontinued. The ZX81 found commercial success in many other countries, notably the United States, where Timex manufactured and distributed it under licence. Timex later produced its own versions of the ZX81 for the US market – the Timex Sinclair 1000 and Timex Sinclair 1500. Unauthorised clones of the ZX81 were produced in a number of countries
The Sinclair ZX80 is a home computer brought to market in 1980 by Science of Cambridge Ltd. (later to be better known as Sinclair Research). It is notable for being the first computer (unless you consider the MK14) available in the United Kingdom for less than a hundred pounds (£99.95). It was available in kit form, where purchasers had to assemble and solder it together, and as a ready-built version at a slightly higher cost for those without the skill or inclination to build their own unit. The ZX80 was very popular straight away, and for some time there was a waiting list of several months for either version of the machine.