Timeline of World War One, it's causes, and people to know
Created by beatleman on Nov 12, 2010
Last updated: 10/28/11 at 01:06 PM
New countries and boundaries set after World War One New Countries- Austria, Czechoslovakia, Rumania, Yugoslavia, U.S.S.R. East Prussia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia.
The Big 4 of WWI: Woodrow Wilson (US), Georges Clemenceau (France), David Lloyd George (UK), & Vittorio Emanuele Orlando (Italy).
The Great war ended on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month in 1918.
The treaty of Versailles ended WW1
Randomly selected certain men to fight in the military. 2 million men were drafted into the service during World War I.
Woodrow Wilson introduced the League of Nations in January of 1918. Was organized in order to prevent future wars.
The War Industries board, widely known as the WIB was and organization that took control of factories, and had the factories make products for the war effort.
Going against the espionage act, Schenck was arrested for spreading anti-war propaganda. He pleaded not-guilty in court, and argued that he was protected by the first amendment.
1. No secret treaties.
2. Freedom of the seas.
3. Free Trade.
4. No major armies.
5. A impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned claims of the government whose title is to be determined.
6-13. Boundary changes.
14. the establishment of a League of Nations.
A note from Germany to Mexico intercepted by the United States. The note said that if Mexico joined the Central Powers that they would get some of the land of the United States.
America's first propaganda agency. Committee on Public Information. Tried to influence people to become pro-war. Had 75,000 "Four-Minute Men" who spoke about everything for war.
The Espionage and Sedition Acts made it so people could not talk bad about the government and their decisions. One major court case was Schenck vs. United States.
America, neutral up until that time, was brought into the was because of unrestricted submarine warfare, and the Zimmermann Note. The sinking of the Listuania killed 128 Americans. Germans were the people responsible for the sinking. Zimmermann, a German, sent a message to Mexico saying that if Mexico joined the fight, they would regain their land in America.
Woodrow Wilson wins the presidential as a Democratic nominee. Was elected because he was to "keep us out of the war".
The great migration was the movement of the black population from the rural south to the industrial north.
At the time, the Lusitania was the largest ship in the world. The Lusitania was shot by a torpedo from a German U-boat. 1198 people were lost, 128 were Americans.
The battle of Ypres, the first battle of World War One, showed the world that the battle on the European front would be long and hard.
Admiral de Chair, commander of the Tenth Cruiser Squadron, set up a blockade in the North Sea, between Great Britain and Norway. This blockade stopped all contraband from entering Germany
Flamethrower- was able to shoot fire to destroy tanks and destroy units of infantry, machine hun posts, and snipers. Airplanes- Put machine guns on planes to make it able to shoot down enemy planes. They also dropped bombs to destroy trenches, cities, and tanks. tanks- motor-powered vehicles that destroyed barbed wire, and also took out trenches. Had thick metal plating around it to deflect bullets from soldiers.
65 million fought. 20 million were wounded. 9-10 million died on the battlefield. 20 million died due to war related deaths.
Women worked as nurses, entertainers, some fought for Russia, Navy, telephone operators, and doctors.
Allies-Russia, Great Britain, France Central Powers- Ottoman Empire, Germany, Austria
Trench warfare consisted of the use of trenches, barbed wire, and artillery. The distance between trenches could be from 50 yards, to almost a mile.
1. Causes of World War 1 Imperialism- Extending power over weaker countries by economy, military, and cultural superiority Nationalism- Devotion to interest & culture in one specific nation (Russia Vs. Austria-Hungary. Fight over Serbia) Militarism- Development of military power, used in diplomacy Alliance System- Formal agreement or union between nations “You got my back, I got yours.” Allies- France, Great Britan, Russia Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungary Italy -Italy, +Ottoman Empire=Central Powers
All countries in Europe before the outbreak of World War One
2. Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
Franz Ferdinand heir to Austrian throne
Shot by Gavrilo Princip, June 28, 1914, along with his wife on their wedding anniversary in Sarajevo, Bosnia. Serbian nationalists wanted freedom.