Recent Event Highlights: Voting Rights Act, and 20 more...
Created by beretrac on Mar 8, 2011
Last updated: 03/10/11 at 08:42 PM
Civil Rights Movement has no followers yet. Be the first one to follow.
Two American athletes, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, raised gloved fits in protest against discrimination. A sociologist friend asked all atheles to boycott the games, instead they went and wore a scarf for black pride, and black socks with no shoes for black poverty in racist America.
This act was passed in the wake of King's murder. This banned discrimination in housing.
King stood on a balcony outside his motel room where he was shot by a rifle. His assassinnation marked an important turning point, protests started to die down when he died.
He was the first African American Supreme Court Justice. This changed a lot for African Americans.
It was formed in Oakland, California. Black panthers became the symbol of young militant African Americans. They organized armed patrols of urban neighbors to protect people from police abuse. They also created antipoverty progrmas.
This act banned the literacy tests and empowered the federal government to oversee voting registration. Ten years later Congress extended coverage to the Hispanic voters.
Well-known African American radical, he became the Nation of Islam's most prominent minister. In 1964 he broke away from the Nation of Islam and formed his own organization.
Martin Luther King Jr. and the SCLC organized a major campaign to pressure the federal government to enact voting rightd legislation. The protests climaxed in a series of confrontations.
Constitution ratified this amendment in 1964. It banned the poll tax, which had been used to keep poor African Americans from voting.
A religious sect headed by Elijah Muhammad. The group prescribed strict rules of behavior, with no drugs or alcohol, and demanded a separation of the races.
Almost 1,000 volunteers, mostly black and white students, flooded to Mississippi. They were focused on registering African Americans to vote.
President Johnson signed this bill into law in July. This act banned segregation in public accommodations an gave the federal government the ability to compel state and local school boards to desegregate.
The day was peaceful and festive. Martin Luther King Jr. had the audience spellbound when he made his "I Have a Dream" speech.
James Meredith wanted to enroll at the all-white university and with the support of the NAACP, he won a federal court case that ordered the university to desegregate. The issue was a standoff between the governor and the federal government.
CORE staged the freedom rides through the south. They defied segregation codes by sitting in front seats and using "white" restrooms in bus stations.
Segregation on interstate buses and in waiting rooms was illegal. Civil rights activists tested the federal government by starting a "freedom ride".
A new civil rights organization. Their goal was to create a grass-roots movement that involved all classes of African Americans in the struggle to defeat white racism and to obtain equality.
These nine students went to Little Rock Central High School to gradually desegregate schools. They were verbally abused and threatened everyday and the President called in troops to follow them around school.
After the bus boycott, this was established to continue the struggle for civil rights. They also advocated nonviolent resistance to fight injustice.
This 14 year old whistled at a white woman in a store, three days later he was beaten up brutally and then shot in the head. His mother wanted an open casket to show everyone what happened.
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white person, was arrested, and this set the boycott in motion. The African Americans made their point and buses were desegregated.
The NAACP mounted a much bigger challenge to segregate the public education in all grade levels. They won, and very slowly they tried to desegregate public schools.
New efforts to try to bring an end to racial injustice by using nonviolent methods to gain civil rights. They organized many protests and broke one wall of segregation in 1947.
The NAACP aimed to help African Americans be "physically free from peonage [forced, low-paid labor], mentally free from ignorance, politically free from disfranchisement, and socially free from insult." In 1950 they won a number of key cases.
The Supreme Court had ruled that such segregation was constitutional as long as the facilities for blacks and whites were "separate but equal". This started the beginning of the civil rights movement.