The events, acts, decisions, situations, conflicts, and general confusion and stubborness taking place between 1763-1775 leading up to the American Revolution!
Created by bmarkwald on May 4, 2010
Last updated: 05/11/10 at 09:58 PM
Tags: Road to Revolution
Feeling angry at the colonists after the Boston Tea Party, the british created the Coercive acts to punish the colonists after what they had done. These acts included Massachusetts Government Act, the Administration of Justice Act, the Boston Port Act, and the Quartering Act. All of these were used to punish the colonists for their bad deed.In the Massachusetts Government Act the british government took control of the government of Massechusetts. The Administration of Justice Act took control of the court so the crown could control who went to jail.The Boston Port Act closed the boston port until the ruined tea was payed for.The Quartering Act allowed the british soldiers to be housed and fed in any house they chose without paying for it.
The Boston Tea Party occured in December of 1773. This event happened beacuse The officials in Boston didn't want to return the taxed tea to England. The cause for this event is the colonists were angry about the British Tea Act, and said enough was enough. The Crown and Parliament didn't want to have this event because the colonists dumped the british tea into the harbor. The lord thought the colonists would appreciate cheaper tea, and wouldn't mind paying a tax on the tea, but they did mind. On December 16, 1773, the Boston colonists dumped 342 cases of British tea into the Boston Harbor, and set one of the British ships (the Gaspee) on fire. All of the colonists were dressed as Native Americans, so none of them were identified.The British response to this event was that they were super angry, and they came up with the coercive acts. That is also how the event was resolved, the coercive acts, and the angry British.
The Tea Act was created to help the East India Company with their sirplus of unsold tea. It was also a way of trying to assert authority through another government act-a tiny tax on tea. The Colonists would be taxed a tiny tax on tea, which was the most popular drink at the time. The colonists response was they dumped all of the tea. In other places, the British East India ships were not allowed to enter the port, or the tea was unloaded and left to rot on the docks.
There was tension between the citizens of boston and the british soldiers ever since they landed in boston to enforce the townshend act. The citizens were insulting and throwing things at the soldiers. Eventually on May 5th 1770, some people were insulting and pelting the soldiers with snowballs. The soldiers fired against the orders of Captain Thomas Preston and killed 3 pedestrians. They also wounded eight more, 2 of who which died later. There was a trial and all of the soldiers except two were found innocent. The two soldiers that were found guilty were only branded on the thumb which outraged the citizens of boston. This will lead to the colonists united against britan.
Colonists are protesting and increasing attacks on colonial officials in bosten so 4,000 troops were sent to bosten to restore order and protect the colonial officials. Tensions grew between colonists and troops when no one would house the troops and the troops were taking colonist's jobs. The colonists didnt like the troops so they started fires, mobs, and the children taunted them. This lead to the Bosten Massacure. After the Massacure, to ease the tensions, the troops went back to England in 1774.
Parliament creates the Townshend Acts because they need money to recover from their war debt from the Seven Years War. The Townshend Acts made laws which tax the colonists on lead, paint, paper, glass, and tea. The colonists effectively get rid of the acts by mobbing the customs office and establishing non-importation agreements that dried up the British Trade. England responds by getting rid of all of the taxes but the tax on tea to resolve the problem!
The Sons of Liberty was a group of regular workers that revolted against the Stamp Act. They were basicly a "terrorist" group for their time. They hung tax collectors and wrote their opinions in newspapers. Sometimes when they hung someone they would hang a boot with a devil in it to make the Stamp Act sound bad. They tried to make the leaders of the Stamp Act sound bad sometimes. Some of the governors and parliment went into hiding because they were scared of what the Sons of Liberty could do to them. Finallly, the British gave up because the Sons of Liberty kept growing and wouldn't give up trying to stop the Stamp Act.
The quartering act was created by Parlaiment in 1765 to protect soldiers which was expensive and made money. The act forced the colonists to house and feed British forces serving in North America when and if needed. The colonists were angry that they were having their homes forced open. They didn't want to spend the money on the troops. Some colonists spoke out against the act and in 1774 a new Quartering Act was made that allowed for soldiers to be housed in barracks instead of homes.
The Stamp Act was created to get money to pay for the colony. This was the first direct tax on the colonists. People had to pay to send things like newspapers, letters, packages and even legal documents. The colonists thought it was a "shocking act". they were outraged that they had to pay this tax. The Stamp Act Congress established that freeborn englishmen could not be taxed without their consent. The Stamp Act Congress included delagets from New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island and many other states. The colonists used fighting and violence to fight the stamp act. The king eventually revoked the tax but the colonists were still mad.
The sugar act was started because the British was in debt after the French and Indian War so they made the colonists pay taxes on items such as coffee, indigo, sugar, and wine. This act makes the colonists pay indirect taxes to allow th British to get out of debt. The colonists were very upset and it was first time they wanted a say in how much they were being taxed and on what things. This phrase came from the sugar act. "No taxation without representation". This situation was repealed, instead a once pence per gallon import tax on molasses.
Even though the French and Indian War ended with the Treaty of Paris, the former French allies, most of the native tribes west of the Appalachians, continued to fight! The reasons were simple - they still faced losing their traditional lands and having a way of life changed forever. The British government, King and Parliament, agreed to limit/cease expansion into the Ohio River valley area west of the Appalachians. This, they hoped, would: 1. Put a stop to the fighting and ease up on the financial strain the British were experiencing after the war. 2. Protect colonists along the frontier. The Colonial response was this: 1. Outrage at having, or feeling that, their rights infringed upon. No one was in Parliament to speak upon their behalf. They also felt entitled to the new, vast territory because they also fought in the war and suffered. 2. Suspicious about a heavy-handed decree from the British who for decades had allowed the colonies to govern themselves. 3. Ignored the Proclamation and went any way. Eventually, the Proclamation was eased and settlers allowed to enter the west BUT - at the time, 1763) it was the PRINCIPLE of the matter - it was a "rights" thing to the colonists and an unfair decree from a government that was largely absent for decades and over 3000 miles away.