Brooklyn LaMar and Kaitlyn Walker
Created by brooklyn2993 on Mar 15, 2011
Last updated: 07/13/11 at 01:03 PM
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This was a landmark decision of the U. S. Supreme Court that declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896 which allowed state-sponsored segregation. Stated that separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.
First Olympic games hosted by Mexico; the Black Power salute was made which was a notable black power protest. Tommie Smith and John Carlos performed the Black Power salute.
This act porhibited housing discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, familial status, and national origin. It also includes children under the age of 18 living with parents or legal custodians, pregnant women, and people securing custody of children under the age of 18, and handicap.
At 6:01 pm MLK was shot on the balcony of his hotel room. He was staying at the Loraine Motel in Memphis, TN.
He was an American jurist and the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. Before becoming a judge, he was a lawyer who was best remembered for his high success rate in arguing before the Supreme Court and for the victory in Brown v. Board of Education. He was nominated to the court by President Lyndon Johnson in 1967.
It was an African-American revolutionary leftist organization. They achieved national and international impact through its deep involvement in the Black Power movement and in U.S. politics of the 1960s and 70s. The intense anti-racism of that time is today considered one of the most significant social, political and cultural currents in U.S. history. The group's "provocative rhetoric, militant posture, and cultural and political flourishes permanently altered the contours of American Identity.
Copying the language of the 15th Amendment, the Act prohibits states from imposing any "voting qualification or prerequisite to voting, or standard, practice, or procedure ... to deny or abridge the right of any citizen of the United States to vote on account of race or color." Specifically, Congress intended the Act to outlaw the practice of requiring otherwise qualified voters to pass literacy tests in order to register to vote, a principal means by which Southern states had prevented African-Americans from exercising the franchise.
Three marches to Mongomery that marked the political and emotional peak of the American civil rights movement. They grew out of the voting rights movement in Selma, Alabama, launched by local African-Americans who formed the Dallas County Voters League (DCVL). In 1963, the DCVL and organizers from the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) began voter-registration work.
He was a controversial figure, spent time in jail as a street criminal, but was a spokesman for Elijah Muhammad's Nation of Islam. He was assassinated as he began to addres a rally in NYC.
Was a landmark piece of legislation in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against blacks and women, including racial segregation. It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public.
This was a campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African American voters as possible in Mississippi, which up to that time had almost totally excluded black voters. The project also set up dozens of Freedom Schools and Freedom Houses in small towns throughout Mississippi to aid the local black population. It was opposed by the NAACP and SCLC.
A large political rally in support of civil and economic rights for African Americans. MLK delivered his "I Have A Dream" speech during the march.
James Meredith sought to enroll at the all-white University of Mississippi 'Ole Miss.' With the support of the NAACP Meredith won a federal court case the ordered the university to desegregate.
It prohibits the federal government or the states from making voters pay a poll tax before they can vote in a national election. A poll tax, also called a head tax, is a tax collected equally from all voters. The amendment was proposed as a CIVIL RIGHTS measure because southern states had used the poll tax to keep African Americans from voting.
Civil Rights activists that rode on buses to the segregated Southern states to test the U.S. Supreme Court decision on Boynton v. Virginia. The first ride left from Washington, D.C.
Emerged from series of student meetings led by Ella Baker at Shaw Univeristy. The goal of this was to create a grass-root movement that involved all classes of African Americans in the struggle to defeat white racism and to obtain equality.
This case overturned a judgement convicting an African American law student of trespassing by being at a restaurant in a bus terminal that was "whites only." It held that racial segregation in public transportation was illegal because such segregation violated the Interstate Commerce Act, which broadly forbade discrimination in interstate passenger transportation.
This was a group of African-American students who were enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. The Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus, and then attended after the intervention of President Eisenhower, is considered to be one of the most important events in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. On their first day of school, troops from the Arkansas National Guard would not let them enter the school and they were followed by mobs making threats to be hung.
Martin Luther King, Charles K. Steele, and Fred L. Shuttlesworth established the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. The SCLC became a major force in organizing the civil rights movement and bases its principles on nonviolence and civil disobedience. According to King, it was essential that the civil rights movement not sink to the level of the racists and hatemongers who oppose them.
Political and social protest campaign. This was intended to oppose the city's poliy of racial segregation on its public transit station.
Emmitt Till was an African American boy who was murdered at age 14 for flirting with a white woman. Roy Bryant and J.W. Milam arrived at Till's great-uncle's house where they took Till, took him to a barn, beat him and gouged out one of his eyes, before shooting him through the head and disposing of his body in the Tallahatchie River, weighting it with a 70pound cotton gin fan tied around his neck with barbed wire. His body was discovered and retrieved from the river three days later.
The Congress of Racial Equality or CORE is a U.S. civil rights organization that originally played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement. Membership in CORE is still stated to be open to "anyone who believes that 'all people are created equal' and is willing to work towards the ultimate goal of true equality throughout the world."
The Nation of Islam is an African-American religious movement founded by Wallace Muhammad in July 1930. He set out to improve the spiritual, mental, social, and economic condition of the Black men and women of America. From 1934-1975, the NOI was led by Elijah Muhammad, who established businesses, large real estate holdings, armed forces and schools.
The NAACP was formed in New York City by a group of black and white citizens committed to helping to right social injustices. On February 12, over the signatures of 60 persons, the "Call" was issued for a meeting on the concept of creating an organization that would be an aggressive watchdog of Negro liberties. This event marks the founding of the NAACP.
In Plessy v. Ferguson the U.S. Supreme Court decided that a Louisiana law mandating separate but equal accommodations for blacks and whites on intrastate railroads was constitutional. This decision provided the legal foundation to justify many other actions by state and local governments to socially separate blacks and whites.