Created by buble on Apr 12, 2011
Last updated: 04/17/11 at 08:42 PM
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Athens participates, along with the rest of Greece in revolting against Macedonia.
Alexander the Great dies in Babylon. He collapses during a banquet feast and suffers in agony for ten days before dying.
The King of Macedon travels across Greece once pronounced ruler to deal with threats to his power, which includes a visit to Thebes, Athens.
Plato founds the Academy in Athens, a place of intellectual learning, which produced some of the most renowned mathematicians and intellectuals, the most notable of which was Aristotle. The Academy was in used until 529 AD, when Pope Justinian I closed it, judging it as a threat to Christianity.
Death of the Greek philosopher Socrates. Socrates, though very famous for his philosophies, never actually wrote anything. Most knowledge of Socrates comes from the works of Plato.
Due to the Phyle campaign, the Thirty Tyrants were overthrown and Democracy was ushered back in to Athens once more
Many Athenians fled during the rule of the 30 Tyrants. They regrouped and returned to defeat the tyrants. The tyrants fled and were killed off over the following years.
The Rule of the Thirty severely reduced the rights of the Athenian people, such as imposing a limit on the number of people allowed to vote due to prejudice against the poor. They also threw many citizens into exile and their leaders into jail.
Caused by the Rule of the Thirty Tyrants, a group of Athenian exiles seized an empty fort; Forty Phyle, left untended because of money reasons. This provoked an attack from Sparta and Athens. The leader of the exiles, Thrasybulus, used his strategic genius to defeat the force. However, Sparta eventually crushed the exiles, but opened negotiations with the Athenian people, and accepted the restoration of democracy to Athens.
The Thirty Tyrants was an oligarchy as opposed to a democracy. The new regime was forced on Athens by the Spartans after the Peloponnesian War. The governing system consisted of 30 extremist conservatives. During their rule, 1,500 civilians were massacred by the opressive government.
The plague occured in the early years of the Pelopponesian war. It spread quickly due to overcrowding, humid climate, lack of sewage systems, and overall bad sanitation.
War fought by Athens against the Peloponnesian League of Sparta. This resulted in the subjection of Athens and the rise of Sparta as the dominant power in the World. The war ended in 404 BC. This also resulted in the Rule of the Thirty Tyrants, because of the oligarchic government of Sparta.
Treaty concluded 40 years of war
When the treasury of the Delian League was moved to Athens, it resided in the Parthenon on Acropolis
Athens becomes the center of the civilized world until 339 BC.
The Delian league was a confederation of Greek city states, and in theory, an alliance. The alliance was made between Athens and other Ionian states with the goal of persecuting Persia. All members had an equal vote at the temple of Apollo in Delos where the league's treasury was kept. All the states contributed money, ships, and troops. When Persia underwent a decisive defeat, many states wished for the league to be terminated. Athens, however believed that Persia was still a threat, so they forced the states to remain members. They were so successful that at one time, the Delian League had about 140 members!
Persian infantry forces defeated by Greeks.
Persian Navy defeated by Greeks, Persians in complete disarray, and Xerxes is defeated.
Greek forces are defeated by the Persian Army. Tide turns against Greece. Persians gain upper hand.
Xerxes Persian Empire invades Greece. This was in part due to Hippias using the threat of Persian attack to gain back control of Athens. Athens denied him, and an invasion ensued.
Greeks defeat major Persian naval force at the Battle of Salamis.
Xerxes Army Sacks Athens
Part of Ionian revolt
Military uprising of Asia Minor against Persian control
Keisthenes overthrew Hippias the tyrant with the help of Akcmaeondae. In order to bring peace between clans, he changed them so the new tribes would be based on residence and not family. He reorginized the four previous clans into 10 new tribes. Kleisthenes created legislative organziations that contrary to the costomary, were not based on heredity. Those who ran the legislative bodies were chosen by the lottery.
During the war of Megara, Peisistratus gained military fame by taking the harbor. With the help of armed citizens, he seized Acropolis. He briefly controlled Athens, but Lycurgus and Megacles forced him out. At Pallene, he launched a guerilla attack . He experienced a definite victory and once again ruled Athens, this time until death. Hippias and Hipparchus, his sons ruled after.
Solon was a lawmaker, politician and poet. He was chosen as archon at age 55 and began making democratic reforms called Solon's laws. He also divided the Athenian society into 5 classed based on fortune, and based on the class there were different obligations. He introduced the court and a parliament of approximately 400 members.
Traditional Date of Trojan War. The Trojan War was a war between Greece and Troy. According to mythology, Menelaus of Greece was married to Helen, the most beautiful woman. In order to win the title of "most beautiful goddess", Aphrodite gave Helen as a gift to the judge of this title, Paris of Troy. Paris and Helen ran off together to Troy. Menelaus and the Greek army attempted to attack Troy and get Helen back, but could not. The Greeks however tricked the Trojans into bringing in a hollow wooden horse as a gift from the gods. Inside the horse resided the entire Greek army, which struck when all th e Trojans slumbered. The Greeks underwent a glorious victory.