Lucien Bouchard leaves the Bloc to become PQ leader and Quebec premier.
Michel Gauthier serves as leader, but only for a year as he struggles with reuniting his divided caucus.
Gilles Duceppe takes over by 1997.
In a province's second referendum on independence, called by the Parti Quebecois, the Bloc campaigned for the "Yes" side, promoting sovereignty.
In a close race, those campaigning for independence lost as 50.6 per cent of residents voted in favour of federalism.
Parti Quebecois leader and premier of Quebec Jacques Parizeau resigns following the failed referendum.
The Bloc Quebecois is formed by a coalition of Progressive Conservative and Liberal MPs from Quebec and led by Lucien Bouchard who was Environment Minister at the time under the Mulroney government.
The handful of MPs resigned from their parties after the Meech Lake Accord on constitutional reform died.
In a federal byelection, Gilles Duceppe is the first BQ MP to be elected in Laurierâ€”Sainte-Marie in Montreal.