the events of the War of 1812
Created by christianjune on Mar 9, 2011
Last updated: 03/14/11 at 10:18 AM
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The treaty ended the war between the United States and the United Kingdom. However, by terms of the treaty, the war was not over until it was ratified and exchanged. The US Senate unanimously advised to ratify the treaty. In signing the treaty, the Americans gave up on their goals to seize control of British colonies in Canada and expand
The Treaty of Ghent ended the War or 1812 between the United States and the United Kingdom. The US Senate unanimously advised ratification on the treaty, which President James Madison ratified. In signing the treaty the Americans had to abandon starting the war and expanding their land.
The fighting in Louisiana were actually a series of battles for New Orleans. A force of soldier, sailor, and militia defeated Britain's finest troops. The victory caused Britain to acknowledge US claim to Louisiana and West Florida. Among British forces were African American soldiers, attracted by freedom. America's troops were much smaller, and Major General Andrew Jackson inspired his men and the local people to fight.
A gathering of New England Federalists met at Hartford, Connecticut to call for the States' rights. Delegates drafted proposals for constitutional amendments. Political cartoons of when King George III tried to lure Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island back into British fold.
The fort became well known after the British attacked it. 25 hours the British bombarded Baltimore. The defenders held firm and Baltimore was saved. The defense of the fort inspired a poet-lawyer to create the poem "The Star-Spangled Banner". It became our national anthem in 1931.
Native American tribe, the Creeks, sided with the British because they provided less of a threat to claim land. A series of raids were laid against the farmers and frontiersmen, this was known as the Creek War. Fort Mim was overrun by warriors led by Red Eagle. They slaughtered people of all gender and age, no mercy. Word of the massacre reached Andrew Jackson who then raised a force of Tennessee militia. Near the Upper Creek village on Tallapoosa River, Jackson wiped out all opposing force.
General William Henry Harrison led a force of 3500 troops against 700 British and several Native Americans. They had won this battle too when the British retreated and Tecumseh, a Native American supporting the British, had died on the battle field. This battle was the most important land victory in the America Northwest. It also led to the downfall of the Indians in Ohio.
The American fleet was blockading the British. Low on supplies, no pay, and half the sailors they had, the British were getting desperate. They risked everything and was bent on unblocking Lake Erie supply line. With much cannon fire and struggles the British finally surrendered.
The British wanted to fight against the Americans. The US ship "Constitution" defeated the "Guerriere" off the coast of Nova Scotia. Even though the Americans had a limited number of weapons. Marksmen, on top of the mast, had unleashed fury upon the Americans. As the ships separated the mast of the British collapsed and thus the British casualties were more than 5 times the Americans.
Settlers have been moving into Native American land. The British continued disputes by arming the Native Americans with guns and supplies. As the Americans were already provoked before the war, this only fueled their hatred. President James Madison, winning the election declared war with Britain.