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Last updated: 07/07/10 at 08:34 PM
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Django is a web framework designed to help the web developers to build complex web applications in simple manners with the least complexities and in short time spans. Django is written in the Python programming language and this can do some very complex things with less code and a simpler execution than any developer could expect. Django does not take very heavy hands to build web based applications rich in features. In short, Django is a high-level Python Web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design.
An open source web application framework, written in Python language, Django follows the model-view-controller architectural pattern and was originally developed to manage several news-oriented sites for The World Company of Lawrence, Kansas. Django was first released publicly under a BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution) license in July 2005, about five years back. In June 2008 it was announced that a newly formed Django Software Foundation will take care of Django in the future.
Django is pronounced JANG-oh, rhymes with FANG-oh, with the “D” is silent. This was named after gypsy jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt.
Django’s primary goal is to ease the creation of complex, database driven websites. Django emphasizes reusability and integrating ability of components, rapid development, and the principle of DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself). Python is used throughout the framework, even for the settings, files, and data models. Django also provides an optional administrative CRUD (create, read, update and delete) interface that is generated dynamically through introspection and configured via admin models.
Django grew from a very practical need of “World Online”, a newspaper Web operation, who is responsible for building intensive Web applications on journalism deadlines. In the fast paced newsroom, World Online often has only a matter of hours to take a complicated Web application from concept to public launch. At the same time, the World Online Web developers have consistently been experts of following the best practices of Web development.
In fall 2003, the World Online developers (Adrian Holovaty and Simon Willison) began using Python to develop web sites. As they built intensive, richly interactive sites such as Lawrence.com, they began to extract a generic Web development framework that let them build web applications more and more quickly. They tweaked this framework constantly, adding improvements over two years. In summer 2005, World Online decided to open source the resulting software with the name of Django. Django would not have been possible without a whole host of open source projects – Apache, Python, and PostgreSQL to name a few.
Django was designed to handle two major challenges of web development:
1. the intensive deadlines of a newsroom
2. the stringent requirements of the experienced Web developers who wrote it.
The web developers can now build high performing, elegant Web applications quickly with this innovative we development framework.
Major Strengths of Django
Django was designed to alleviate many of the difficulties associated with the production of functional, scalable, and maintainable dynamic websites. Some of the major benefits of Django can be listed as below:
1. Fast and Easy: The Django framework does all the repetitive work for the web developers, allowing them to get a working website up quickly and easily with almost no repletion of the work they have already done in the application. This framework provides them with the best means to reuse the work they have done.
2. Great Documentation: Unlike most other open source projects, Django has excellent documentation which is actively maintained by the core developers. Two of the developers have also written the Django Book, which is published by Apress, and is freely available online. The web developers who are new to use Django for developing their applications can easily refer to Django documentation and take help from them. A detailed documentation about Django is also available on its official web site www.djangoprojects.com
3. “Shared Nothing” Architecture: The discoverers of Django belived in the truth that the hardware components in a system are usually much cheaper as compared to the application development time, and so Django is designed to take advantage of as much hardware as the developer can put for its application. Django uses a “shared nothing” architecture, which means that the application owner can add hardware at any level – the database servers, caching servers, Web servers or even the application servers. The framework cleanly separates components such as its database layer and application layer. The Django Framework ships with a simple yet powerful cache framework.
4. Simple and Highly Maintainable: Django is a simple framework for use. Its major strength is its maintainability because unlike other frameworks, it does not create unnecessary data file, temporary files, configuration files, setup files, too many backup files, compiled code file, temporary code files, binary files, parameter files and so many other files which seem to be just like vomited when a project is created. The Django framework works with simple five to six files and use them in the most efficient manner hereby providing simplicity and maintainability in its use.
5. Official Tutorial Available: Official tutorial about Django are available at its web site. These official tutorials provide an excellent guidance and help in introducing fundamental concepts to the beginners, and building toward a comprehensive understanding of the framework. If the web developers want to learn the Django framework, they are refer to these required reading. Django focuses on automating as much as possible and adhering to the DRY principle.
6. DRY Principle: The Django Framework works on “Don’t Repeat Yourself” (DRY) Principle. The DRY Principle states that “Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system”. This means the framework strongly discourages the duplication of the work. In fact the creaters of Django believed that duplication (inadvertent or purposeful duplication) can lead to maintenance nightmares, poor factoring, and logical contradictions. Duplication, and the strong possibility of eventual contradiction, can arise anywhere: in architecture, requirements, code, or documentation. The effects can range from misimplemented code and developer confusion to complete system failure. This way the DRY principle comes as a solution to maintainability, simplicity, and reusability of the work.
The core Django framework consists of an object-relational mapper which mediates between data models (defined as Python classes) and a relational database; a regular-expression-based URL dispatcher; a view system for processing requests; and a templating system.
Also included in the core framework are:
* A lightweight, standalone web server for development and testing.
* A form serialization and validation system which can translate between HTML forms and values suitable for storage in the database.
* A caching framework which can use any of several cache methods.
* Support for middleware classes which can intervene at various stages of request processing and carry out custom functions.
* An internal dispatcher system which allows components of an application to communicate events to each other via pre-defined signals.
* An internationalization system, including translations of Django’s own components into a variety of languages.
* A serialization system which can produce and read XML and/or JSON representations of Django model instances.
* A system for extending the capabilities of the template engine.
* An interface to Python’s built-in unit test framework.
The main Django distribution also bundles a number of applications in its “contrib” package, including:
* An extensible authentication system.
* The dynamic administrative interface.
* Tools for generating RSS and Atom syndication feeds.
* A flexible commenting system.
* A sites framework that allows one Django installation to run multiple websites, each with their own content and applications
* Tools for generating Google Sitemaps.
* Tools for preventing cross-site request forgery.
* Template libraries which enable the use of lightweight markup languages such as Textile and Markdown.
* A framework for creating GIS applications.
Django can be run in conjunction with Apache using mod_python or mod_wsgi. Django also includes the ability to launch a FastCGI server, enabling use behind any web server which supports FastCGI. It should also be possible to use other WSGI-compliant web servers. Django officially supports four database backends: PostgreSQL, MySQL, SQLite and Oracle. MS SQL backend can be used with django-mssql but only in Microsoft operating systems, similarly external backends exist for IBM DB2 and SQL Anywhere.
Django may also be run in conjunction with Jython on any Java EE application server such as GlassFish or JBoss. In this case django-jython must be installed in order to provide JDBC drivers for database connectivity, which also provides functionality to compile Django in to a .war suitable for deployment.
Versions of Django prior to 1.0 had multithreading issues and it would be recommended that those versions of Django only be used in a single threaded server configuration, such as with Apache prefork MPM using mod_python or embedded mode of mod_wsgi. Although Django 1.0 is principally believed to now be thread safe, some minor threading issues are still occasionally being found; it may be prudent to continue to use a single threaded server configuration and/or stay current with Django releases and notices about the multithreading issues.
Google App Engine includes Django 0.96.1 as one of the bundled frameworks.
WordPress Web Hosting
WordPress is a blog publishing system (or a Weblog software) written in PHP and is backed by a MySQL database. It is a top-of-the line publishing platform emphasizing on advanced utility, web standards as well as aesthetics. Now a “blog” or weblog is a word used to describe websites that gather or collate and maintain an ongoing chronicle of information. Blogs can range from a wide variety of topics from politics to more personal subjects. To further enhance the entire feel of a blog, WordPress was introduced with the intent to build an elegant and well architectured personal publishing system built on PHP and MySQL and licensed under the GPL. B2/Cafelog was the precursor of WordPress and was also written in PHP. The latest release of WordPress is version 2.2.1, released on 21 June 2007. It is distributed under the GNU General Public License. WordPress development is led by Ryan Boren and Matt Mullenweg. Mullenweg and Mike Little were co-founders of the project. The contributing developers include Dougal Campbell, Mark Jaquith, Donncha O’Caoimh, Andy Skelton, Michel Valdrighi and Peter Westwood.
The product is quite stable and exhibits high web standards and great user experience. While the publishing software is extremely user-friendly and focuses on speed and advanced features, it also has garnered considerable credibility. This personal publishing platform is fast, user-friendly and is offered free of cost and features sensible default settings and features with an extremely customizable core. Its key features are as follows:
Generates standards-compliant XML, XHTML, and CSS
Integrated link management
Search engine-friendly permalink structure
Extensible plugin support
Nested categories and multiple categories for articles
TrackBack and Pingback features
Typographic filters for proper formatting and styling of text
Ability to feature Multiple Authors
It also supports Latex
WordPress is thus far at par with many other softwares of its kind. It endeavors to bring to people the most state-of-the-art blogging technology available today, especially with its trackback and pingback features. Its other enticing features include
Full Standards Compliance: The WordPress generated code is in full compliance with the standards of the W3C. This is a vital feature for interoperability with today’s browser.
No Rebuilding: The modifications made on the templates or any other entries that are added are immediately reflected. Therefore this obviates the need to regenerate static pages.
WordPress Pages: Pages allow you to manage non-blog content easily, so for example you could have a static “About” page that you manage through WordPress.
WordPress Links: Through the administration interface, the links let you create, maintain and update any number of blogrolls. This again obviates the need of an external blogroll manager.
WordPress Themes: With WordPress offering a complete theme system, designing is just a breeze. From a simple looking blog to more complicated ones, the multiple themes lets you experiment with varied looks and designs.
Cross-Blog Communication Tools: WordPress fully supports both the Trackback and Pingback standards.
Comments: Visitors can leave their comments on individual enteries. Moreover, you have the flexibility to enable or disable the comments feature on a per post basis.
Spam Protection: WordPress comes with very robust tools such as an integrated blacklist and open proxy checker to manage and eliminate comment spam on your blog. If that’s not all; a wide variety of plug-ins can further enhance this functionality.
Full User Registration: WordPress has a built-in user registration system that can allow people to register and maintain profiles and leave authenticated comments on your blog.
Password Protected Posts: Individual posts can also be password protected in case you want to hide them from public view. You can also have private posts which are viewable only by their author.
Easy Installation and Upgrades: The installation and upgrade process is just a breeze and does not require any technical expertise.
Easy Importing: WordPress currently has importers for Movable Type, Textpattern, Greymatter, Blogger, and b2.
XML-RPC interface: WordPress currently supports an extended version of the Blogger API, MetaWeblog API, and finally the MovableType API. You can even use clients designed for other platforms like Zempt.
Workflow: Users can be filtered who only post drafts and not publish on the front page.
Typographical Niceties: WordPress uses the Texturize engine to intelligently convert plain ASCII into typographically correct XHTML entities. This includes quotes, apostrophes, ellipses, em and en dashes, multiplication symbols, and ampersands.
Intelligent Text Formatting: This feature intelligently avoids places where you already have breaks and block-level HTML tags. So the users do not have to fret about breaking their codes.
Multiple Authors: This feature easily allows up to 10 levels of users, with different privileges related to publishing, editing, options, and other users.
Bookmarklets: Cross-browser bookmarklets makes it easy to publish to your blog or add links to your blogroll with considerable ease and little effort involved.
Ping Away: WordPress supports pinging Ping-O-Matic, which means maximum exposure for your blog to search engines.
WordPress is essentially an open source project, enabling hundreds to thousands of people working on it. Today, it is one of the largest self-hosted blogging tools in the world and its popularity and favoritism has grown considerably. Besides using it as a blogging software, WordPress has many alternate applications as well. You have the ability to create multiple blogs with multiple installs. Therefore, each needs to be installed separately (i.e. as a separate WordPress installation). You will also need a separate MySQL database for each blog that is installed. You can use WordPress to post your own stories, ideas, rants, reviews, links, and pictures any many more things that interest you or you want to share. In addition, you can customize the look and feel of your site. Numerous themes are available and may be modified in many different ways. The basic benefit of this tool is that it can be completely controlled by the user. WordPress is built following W3C standards for XHTML and CSS, ensuring that your site is more easily rendered across standards-compliant browsers. Aggregator support is built-in with a number of standard RSS configurations already done for you, as well as Atom. These essentials makes your WordPress website easy to manage, helps you get more traffic and increases site longevity or future Internet technology adoption. Moreover, one does not necessarily need to know PHP to use WordPress. The main reason behind its growing popularity s that WordPress focuses on keeping the core code as light and fast as possible and provide a rich framework for the huge community. Plugins can extend WordPress to do almost anything that you can think of. The featured plugins include:
WordPress.com stats: With the stat system, it is possible to have simple and precise stats without any additional load on the server. Installing this stats plugin is much like installing Akismet, all you need is to put in your API Key and the rest is automatic.
Sphere Related Content: This plug-in displays an icon link at the end of the blog posts. It is instrumental in finding blog posts and media articles related to the content.
PodPress: podPress adds tons of features designed to make WordPress the ideal platform for hosting a podcast.
Get Recent Comments: This plugin shows excerpts of the latest comments and/or trackbacks in your sidebar. You can let the plugin order the comments by the corresponding post, or simply order them by date. The plugin can (optionally) separate the trackbacks/pingbacks from the comments.
WP-Cache: WP-Cache is an extremely efficient WordPress page caching system to make you site much faster and responsive. It works by caching Worpress pages and storing them in a static file for serving future requests directly from the file rather than loading and compiling the whole PHP code and the building the page from the database.
Before installing WordPress, you need to check that your web hosting provider fulfills the necessary conditions. WordPress server requirements for Version 2.1 include:
PHP version 4.2 or greater
MySQL version 4.0 or greater
(Optional) Apache mod_rewrite module (for clean URIs known as Permalinks.
The recommended platform for running WordPress is Linux with either the Apache or LiteSpeed web-servers. However, any server that supports PHP and MySQL will also work well. It is also essential that your host allows remote connections. WordPress works best when it’s in a rich hosting environment. There is an astronomical number of hosts out there to choose from and a vast majority meet the WordPress minimum requirements. The most popular hosts that support WordPress are as follows:
Given that the software is completely free of cost and loaded with features while being user friendly, it is in fact priceless. To get started with WordPress, set it up on a web host for the best possible flexibility or get a free blog on WordPress.com.
Hostgator is a privately owned company that was founded in the year 2002. Host gator provides reseller web hosting and shared hosting solutions. The website is instrumental in offering its services to over 400,000 websites on their shared and reseller plans. It is a leading provider of reseller accounts and boasts of over 10,000 resellers who have chosen hostgator to provide the network, servers, and support required to launch a hosting business. The company seemingly holds a high rung and is well regarded in the web hosting community.
The company commenced its operation in 2002 and uses the Planet data center in Dallas Texas. Their servers are dual Xeons with 4GB memory and IDE Raid hard drives.
Hostgator offers the following types of web hosting plans :
Customers have a many options to choose from under this plan and it comes with the Cpanel control panel. Quality services and support is offered 24/7 via phone, live chat, and an email ticket system. All their plans offer unlimited domain names (except hatchling) as well as a lot of bandwidth and disk space. Below are the options or plan categories available under this plan:
Under this plan category, you get unlimited disk space and unlimited bandwidth is offered. Other services include unlimited sub domains, unlimited FTP accounts, unlimited POP3 accounts and 1 domain is also allowed. This service is priced at $4.95 a month
This plan category offers unlimited disk space, bandwidth and you can host unlimited sites. Moreover, it offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $7.95 a month.
Under this category, customers get an access to unlimited disk space and bandwidth. The plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. You also get your own toll-free number absolutely free, in addition to a free dedicated IP as well as free private SSL. This service is priced at $12.95 per month.
HostGator’s reseller hosting plans come with the Cpanel (your customers or endusers control panel) and WHM (reseller control panels to create Cpanels for your customers or end users) control panels. Hostgator resellers have the flexibility to host unlimited sites. Quality services and support is offered 24/7 via phone, live chat, and an email ticket system. Besides offering unlimited domain names; the reseller account also offers free domain registry account (eNom domain reseller account), free hosting templates, a billing program, and much more. Below are the options or plan categories available under this plan:
1. Aluminum Reseller Plan:
Under this plan category, 24 GB of disk space and 250 GB of bandwidth is provided. The plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This reseller plan is priced at $24.95 per month.
2. Copper Reseller Plan:
The copper reseller plan offers its customers 40 GB of disk space and 350 GB of bandwidth. The plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $34.95 per month.
3. Silver Reseller Plan:
60 GB of disk space and 500 GB of bandwidth is offered under this particular plan. The silver reseller plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $49.95 per month.
4. Gold Reseller Plan:
80 GB of disk space and 600 GB of bandwidth is offered under this plan category. The plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $74.95 per month.
5. Diamond Reseller Plan:
100 GB of disk space and 700 GB of bandwidth is offered under this plan category. The plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $99.95 per month.
The plan includes complete server management as well as a control panel with every server. The best part of a dedicated server is that you can customize it to suit your requirements and get the most out of the plan. Moreover, you get to choose which operating system you want to run which include Red Hat Linux 9.0, RHEL3, RHEL4, CentOS, or FreeBSD. Any aspect can also be upgraded such as memory or disk drives. Below are the options or plan categories available under this plan:
This plan category offers 25 GB of disk space and 500 GB of bandwidth. The plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $74.95 per month.
Hostgator Linux Dedicated Servers
1. Basic Linux Dedicated Server:
There are no set up charges for this plan category and the processor provided is Intel Xeon 3040 (Dual Core). The plan offers a bandwidth of 1500 GB, 250 GB hard drive, DDR Memory of 1 GB RAM. The server comes with tha latest cpanel, upto 5 IP addresses are allowed and the plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. The datacenter location is in Texas, U.S.A. This service is priced at $174 per month. This server is ideal for those with a few large websites that aren’t that memory intensive. Generally even the slowest CPU is more than capable for most websites. A server would generally require more RAM before it needs a CPU upgrade. However, the Basic server has a dual core Xeon server, making it able to multi-task quite nicely.
2. Standard Linux Dedicated Server:
There are no set up charges for this plan category and the processor provided is Intel Xeon 3040 (Dual Core). The plan offers a bandwidth of 2500 GB and a hard drive of 2x80gb SATA. Upto 5 IP addresses are allowed and the plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $219 per month. Having two CPU cores on a state of the art processor setup like the Basic server will enable this server to multitask quite well. The main advantage would be the 4 GB RAM over the Basic server.s 1 GB RAM. Also this server comes with two 250 GB drives (twice of the Basic server) which we can setup as a backup drive upon request (one drive backs up to the other). This is quickly becoming our most popular selling server just on account of the increased RAM.
3. Elite Linux Dedicated Server:
There are no set up charges for this plan category and the processor provided is Dual Xeon 2.8. The plan offers a bandwidth of 2500 GB and a hard drive of 2x73gb SCSI. Upto 5 IP addresses are allowed and the plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $279 per month. Intel processor with quad cores running are great for multitasking, and the 4 GB of RAM will really help on memory intensive sites or sites with large databases. The two 500 GB drives can be set up so the primary drive does an automatic daily backup to the secondary drive which ensures that your sites’ data is still available in case a drive were to fail or server information gets lost or deleted. This server also has 1,000 GB more bandwidth than the Basic or Standard server.
4. Pro Linux Dedicated Server:
There are no set up charges for this plan category and the processor provided is Dual-Core 3060 Conroe. The plan offers a bandwidth of 2500 GB and a hard drive of 4x500gb SATA II RAID10. Upto 5 IP addresses are allowed and the plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $374 per month. This server is actually a super fast Intel Xeon Quad Core 3360 with 8 GB of RAM (insane) and dual 500 GB hard drives. This server might be the most expensive, but it’s by far our least profitable, and the best deal in terms reliability, performance, and redundancy. If you are looking to host many sites, with the best possible uptime. Or if you’d like to use this as a pure work horse this is the server you want.
Hostgator Windows Dedicated Servers
1. Basic Windows Dedicated Server:
There are no set up charges for this plan category and the processor provided is Pentium 4, 2.8 GHz. The plan offers a bandwidth of 1500 GB and a hard drive of 80 GB, SATA. Upto 5 IP addresses are allowed and the plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $174 per month. This server is ideal for those with a few large websites that aren’t that memory intensive. Generally even the slowest CPU is more than capable for most websites. A server would generally need more RAM before it needs a CPU upgrade.
2. Standard Windows Dedicated Server:
There are no set up charges for this plan category and the processor provided is a Dual Xeon 2.4. The plan offers a bandwidth of 2500 GB and a hard drive of 2x80gb SATA. Upto 5 IP addresses are allowed and the plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $219 per month. Having two CPU cores on a state of the art processor setup will enable this server to multitask much easier with anything CPU intensive. An example of when this would be very useful is when a site’s logs are being processed for stats on the server and webpages are still being accesed. Websites that are bandwidth intensive will have more room to grow with 1,500 GB of data transfer with the Standard server setup.
3. Elite Windows Dedicated Server:
There are no set up charges for this plan category and the processor provided is Dual Xeon 2.8. The plan offers a bandwidth of 2500 GB and a hard drive of 2x73gb SCSI. Upto 5 IP addresses are allowed and the plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $279 per month. Two Intel Xeon processors running at 2.4 Ghz are great for multitasking, and the 2 GB of RAM will really help on memory intensive sites or sites with large databases. The two 80 GB drives can be set up so the primary drive does an automatic daily backup to the secondary drive which ensures that your sites’ data is still available in case a drive were to fail or server information gets lost or deleted. Honestly though, although some buyers prefer this tested CPU, we recommend the standard dedicated server.s CPU power with the Dual Core setup as every benchmark show it to outperform the Elite.s Dual Xeons. Get this server if your script is memory intensive. If it.s not, save the money and go with the Standard.
4. Pro Windows Dedicated Server:
There are no set up charges for this plan category and the processor provided is Dual-Core 3060 Conroe. The plan offers a bandwidth of 2500 GB and a hard drive of 4x500gb SATA II RAID10. Upto 5 IP addresses are allowed and the plan offers unlimited domains, sub domains, FTP accounts and POP3 accounts. This service is priced at $374 per month.Don’t let the 3120 name confuse you. The Intel Xeon 3120 cpu is actually a Quad cpu core processor capable of multitasking and is the perfect chip for servers with heavy traffic. This server might be the most expensive, but it’s by far our least profitable, and the best deal in terms reliability, performance, and redundancy. If you are looking to host many sites, with the best possible uptime. Or if you’d like to use this as a pure work horse this is the server you want!
All in all, a highly recommended web host – one host you can trust your sites with.
Godaddy Protected Registration for Domains
The “Protected Registration” service offered by GoDaddy is an ideal choice or those who want to keep their domain private, locked and protected. An unprotected domain does not come with the expiration protection which means that if the domain name goes, all email services and websites associated with the domain stop functioning as well.
With the protected registration process, the domain owner gets the benefits of all the required domain safeguards. The exclusive domain ownership protection includes expiration protection (protects you from credit card expiration, failed billing, or outdated contact information); Deadbolt Transfer protection (prevents accidental or malicious transfers from occurring) and Ownership Protection Reports (quarterly email updates helps the user keep track of vital domain information). With the expiration protection, the domain name is placed on an inactive, protected status with a parked page if the domain name is not renewed. In order to activate the domain, the domain owner would just need to pay the renewal fee. With the deadbolt transfer protection; GoDaddy locks the domain in the account thereby offering a heightened level of security. Under this service; the GoDaddy’s Private Registration and Business Registration services are offered as well. The Private registration protects the domain owner from spam, fraudulent activities by protecting all personal information from public view. The Business Registration service offers all the vital and highly valuable information related to the domain owner’s organization in the Whois database. This information includes map to the store, snapshot of the Web site, description of their business, phone number, links and much more.
In totality; the GoDaddy Protected Registration offers the most advanced and secure domain ownership protection by keeping the domain name locked, private and protected. The service is priced at only $24.99 per year (inclusive of private and business registration services). It is important to note here that this service is not available for the following domain names: .us .ag .com.ag .net.ag .org.ag .asia .at .be .cn .com.cn .org.cn .net.cn .de .eu .fm .jobs .jp .ms .nu .co.nz .net.nz .org.nz .tc .tw .com.tw .org.tw .idv.tw .co.uk .me.uk .org.uk .vg.
The Protected Registion feature is a wise option for those who prefer heightened security for their domain names as it protects them from letting the domain lapse unknowingly, expired or rejected credit cards, malicious or accidental transfers, outdated contact information, interrupted email access, personal information from being viewed, spam and email scams as well as expensive redemption fees. Furthermore, the domain owner would also get access to their key domain status details via a quarterly email statement.
By paying the renewal cost of the domain, the domain can easily rescue the domain which has been inactive for 12 months or less. The Domain Protection can be added to existing domains and may not be available for certain domain names. It is a good idea to contact support in order to ascertain whether the domain name you have is entitled for the protected registration. Quality support is available 24/7 by email and telephone.
Godaddy.com Private Domain Registration
When a user registers a domain, most of the personal information like name, phone number, address and email address can be accessible and exposed to just about anyone. With the Private Domain Registration service offered by GoDaddy; the webmaster can completely secure his/her privacy and protect themselves from spam, scams, frauds etc. Users can make any domain private by paying just $6.99 per year plus the domain registration fee.
With the private domain registration (through the “Domains by Proxy®, which happens to be an affiliate company of GoDaddy); users can secure and protect their privacy.
This is how the service works: The user registers the new or existing domain in the name of Domains by Proxy. This way; the company’s information is exposed rater than the customer’s. The user wields complete control and has the flexibility to cancel, sell, renew, or transfer their domain names. It also allows the user to set up name servers for their domain or perhaps even resolve any domain related disputes. The patent-pending registration and email handling systems lets the user manage and control all postal mail and email addressed to their registered domain, as well as the domain’s contact information. The user can be convinced that they are dealing with a credible company and that their domain registration is completely safe and insured against any kind of loss. The Private Registration service insures that the domain owner is protected from any domain related spam, identity theft and fraud, stalkers, data miners, privacy intrusions and identity disclosure.
When a user registers or transfers 5 or more domains; they are entitled to a free private registration service worth $6.99 per year. This offer however is only valid for .COM, .NET, .INFO, .BIZ, .NAME, .MOBI, .ORG and .WS.
Web Hosting Glossary
.ac (domain name extension):
.ac is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Ascension Island. It is administered by NIC.AC, a subsidiary of the Internet Computer Bureau based in the United Kingdom. Registration for this domain is open to anyone. The registry accepts registrations of internationalized domain names.
.ad (domain name extension):
.ad is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Andorra. It is administered by Servei de Telecomunicacions d’Andorra. Because ad is also an abbreviation for the word advertisement or advert, .ad has also been used in an unconventional manner as a domain hack by some advertising media companies.
.ae (domain name extension):
.ae is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the United Arab Emirates. It is administered by .aeDA which is part of the UAE Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA).
.aero (domain name extension):
In web hosting terms, “.aero” is a sponsored top level domain of domain name system (DNS) derived from “Aeronautics”. This top level domain is sponsored by SITA (Société Internationale de Télécommunications Aéronautiques). It is the first sponsored top-level domain based on a single industrial theme. The aero domain is reserved for companies, organizations, associations, government agencies, and individuals in aviation-related fields. It was created in 2002 and is operated by SITA. SITA created and operates the Dot Aero Council.
.af (domain name extension):
.af is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Afghanistan. It is administered by AFGNIC, a service of the UNDP and the Islamic Transitional Government of Afghanistan. .af is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Afghanistan. It is administered by AFGNIC, a service of the UNDP and the Islamic Transitional Government of Afghanistan. Registration is made directly at the second level, or on the third level beneath various categorized sub domains at the second level. Third-level domains have restrictions based on which second-level domain they are registered under. Different Second level domains available with this domain are com.af (for Commercial entities licensed from the Ministry of Commerce), edu.af (Educational institutions), gov.af (Government and agencies), net.af (Network providers), and org.af (Non-commercial entities)
.asia (domain name extension):
.asia is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) sponsored by the DotAsia Organization, with the back-end registry operated by Afilias. It was approved by ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) on 19 October 2006 as a sponsored top-level domain (TLD). It will serve as a regional domain for companies, organizations, and individuals based in the region of Asia, Australia, and the Pacific.
.cat (domain name extension):
Over Internet in web hosting terms, “.cat” is a sponsored top level domain (sTLD) of domain name system (DNS) originally intended for the purpose of highlighting the Catalan language and culture. Its policy has been developed and sponsored by “Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers” (ICANN) and Fundació puntCAT. It was approved in September 2005. Organizations involved in networking technologies, such as Internet service providers and other networking and infrastructure servicing companies.
.com (domain name extension):
In Internet and web hosting terms, “.COM” is a generic top level domain of domain name system (DNS) derived from “Commercial” indicating its original intended purpose for networks of general commercial character i.e. a domain name used by commercial enterprises.
.com (file name extension or file format):
In many computer systems, including Windows, “.COM” is the file extension executable command files.
.coop (domain name extension):
This is a sponsored domain name extension derived from the term “Cooperatives”, and is originally intended to be used for domain names assigned to cooperatives, wholly owned subsidiaries, and other organizations that exist to promote or support co-operatives. This domain name extension is sponsored by DotCooperation LLC, a subsidiary of the National Cooperative Business Association and was first introduced in year 2001.
.edu (domain name extension):
.edu is the sponsored top level domain name extension derived from “Education” and is meant for use as a name space for educational institutions, originally those in the United States but later across the world. This domain name extension was first introduced in 1985 and sponsored by Educause (a nonprofit organization). The actual use of this domain name extension is for accredited post secondary institutions, almost all over the world. Registration under this domain is strictly restricted and the institute registered under this domain must be accredited by an agency on the list of Nationally recognized accrediting agencies approved and published by U.S. Department of Education. Some older registrations are although grandfathered.
.gif (file name extension or file format):
GIF is the acronym for Graphics Interchange Format. “.gif” is a filename extension for bit map image format. The GIF format was introduced by CompuServe in 1987 and has since come into widespread usage on the World Wide Web due to its wide support and portability. The format supports up to 8 bits per pixel allowing a single image to reference a palette of up to 256 distinct colors chosen from the 24-bit RGB color space. It also supports animations and allows a separate palette of 256 colors for each frame. The color limitation makes the GIF format unsuitable for reproducing color photographs and other images with continuous color, but it is well-suited for simpler images such as graphics or logos with solid areas of color.
.gov (domain name extension):
The domain name extension “.gov” is a sponsored top level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet. The name is derived from the term “Government”, indicating its restricted use by government entities in the United States which later is extended to all over the world. The .gov domain is administered by the General Services Administration (GSA), an independent agency of the United States federal government. The URL for registration services is http://www.dotgov.gov.
.info (domain name extension):
The domain name “.info” is a generic top-level domain (gTLD) in the Domain Name System (DNS) of the Internet. The name is derived from the term “Information” indicating that the domain is intended for informative Internet resources, although registration requirements do not prescribe any theme orientation. The gTLD was a response to highly publicized announcement of ICANN, in late 2000, of a phased release of seven new generic top-level domains. The event was the first addition of major gTLDs since the Domain Name System was developed about two decades back. The seven new gTLDs, selected from over 180 proposals, were meant in part to take the pressure off the com domain
.int (domain name extension):
This is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) used in the Domain Name System of the Internet. This generic top-level domain was initially created for use by NATO, to replace the nato TLD. According to current Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) policy, the int sTLD is reserved for international treaty based organizations, United Nations agencies and organizations or entities having “Observer” status at the United Nation. This domain name extension is considered to be governed under the strictest rules for assigning the sTLD and is allowed only for the subjects of international law. For this reason, the application procedure requires the applicant to provide evidence that it is indeed treaty-based by providing a United Nations treaty registration number and that it has independent legal existence.
.jobs (domain name extension):
The domain name “jobs” is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet. Indicated by its name, the domain is restricted to employment-related sites. The domain was approved by ICANN on April 8, 2005 as part of the second group of new TLD applications submitted in 2004. It was installed in the DNS root in September, 2005, and began accepting registrations later in the year.
.jpg (file name extension or file format):
“.JPG” is a filename extension of images in JPEG format and is the most common format for storing and transmitting photographic images on the World Wide Web.
.mil (domain name extension):
The domain name mil is the sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet for the United States Department of Defense and its subsidiary or affiliated organizations. The name is derived from military. It was one of the first top-level domains, created in January 1985.
.mobi (domain name extension):
The domain name mobi is a top-level domain (TLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet. Its name is derived from mobile, indicating its use by mobile devices for accessing Internet resources via the Mobile Web. The domain was approved by ICANN in year 2005. This domain name extension is managed by the mTLD global registry. It was originally financially backed and sponsored by Google, Microsoft, Nokia, Samsung, Ericsson, Vodafone, T-Mobile, Telefónica Móviles, Telecom Italia Mobile, Orascom Telecom, GSM Association , Hutchison Whampoa, Syniverse Technologies, and Visa, with an executive from each company serving on mTLD’s board of directors
.mov (file name extension or file format):
“.MOV” is a file name extension for files with video sequences which has been derived from and for the “Movie” file category. A QuickTime player is normally used in order to play a movie file of this file extension. QuickTime is an extensible proprietary multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc., capable of handling various formats of digital video, 3D models, sound, text, animation, music, panoramic images, and interactivity.
.mpeg (file name extension or file format):
Filename extension for files in MPEG format. MPEG is an acronym for Motion Picture Editors Guild or for Moving Picture Experts Group which in fact is a working group of experts that was formed by the ISO to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission. MPEG is considered as a standard asymmetric compression technique for audio and video data files with the encoder more complex as compared to its decoder.
.mpg (file name extension or file format):
One of a number of file extensions for MPEG-1 computer files. MPEG-1 is a standard for lossy compression of video and audio. It is designed to compress VHS-quality raw digital video and CD audio down to 1.5 Mbit/s (26:1 and 6:1 compression ratios respectively) without excessive quality loss, making video CDs, digital cable/satellite TV and digital audio broadcasting (DAB) possible.
.museum (domain name extension):
Museum is a sponsored top level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet used exclusively by museums, museum associations, and individual members of the museum profession, as these groups are defined by the International Council of Museums (ICOM). The purpose of this domain is to reserve a segment of the DNS name space reserved for the use of museums; a name space whose conventions are defined by the museum community. In joint action with the J. Paul Getty Trust, ICOM established the Museum Domain Management Association (MuseDoma), headed by Cary Karp, for the purpose of submitting an application to ICANN for the creation of the new generic top-level domain (gTLD), and to operate a registry. The museum domain was entered into the DNS root on 20 October 2001, and was the first sponsored top-level domain to be instituted through ICANN’s action.
.name (domain name extension):
This is a generic top-level domain (gTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet. It is intended for use by individuals for representation of their real names, nicknames, screen names, pseudonyms, or other personal or fictional names. The top-level domain was delegated to Global Name Registry in 2001, although it did not become fully operational until January 2002. This top-level domain was delegated to VeriSign in February 2009.
.net (domain name extension):
In Internet and web hosting terms, “.NET” is a generic top level domain of domain name system (DNS) derived from “Networks” indicating its originally intended purpose for organizations involved in networking technologies, such as Internet service providers and other networking and infrastructure servicing companies. However the restrictions on use of “.net” domain were never enforced and the domain is a general purpose name space. It is still popular with network operators, and is often treated as an alternate to “.com”.
This is usually considered as a type of the web hosting that supports the .Net applications or run on .NET Framework. .NET framework is a short and common name of Microsoft .NET Framework. The .NET Framework is a software framework that can be installed on computers running Microsoft Windows operating systems. It includes a large library of coded solutions to common programming problems and a virtual machine that manages the execution of programs written specifically for the framework. The Base Class Library of the framework provides a large range of features including user interface, data access, database connectivity, cryptography, web application development, numeric algorithms, and network communications.
Server with .NET support
.org (domain name extension):
In Internet and web hosting terms, “.ORG” is a generic top level domain of domain name system (DNS) derived from “Organization” indicating its original intended purpose for networks of non commercial organizations which are registered under “Non Profit Organization” or “Society” Act or Law of the state government.
.pro (domain name extension):
The domain name .pro is a generic top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet. Its name is derived from professional, indicating its intended use by qualified professionals. The domain was originally launched in mid of year 2004 with registrations restricted to lawyers, accountants, physicians and engineers in France, Canada, Germany, UK and the US.
.tel (domain name extension):
The domain name .tel is a top-level domain (TLD) in the Domain Name System (DNS) of the Internet. It was approved by ICANN as a sponsored top-level domain, and is operated by Telnic. Telnic announced in last month of year 2009 that 2.75 lakh .tel domain names had been registered since making it generally available in late March month of the same year. The intended purpose of the .tel domain is as a single management and publishing name space for Internet communication services, providing a global contacts directory service by housing all types of contact information directly in the Domain Name System.
.travel (domain name extension):
The domain name travel is a top-level domain in the Domain Name System of the Internet. Its name suggests the intended and restricted use by travel agents, airlines, bed and breakfast operators, tourism bureaus, and others in the travel industry. The domain was approved by ICANN in beginning of April month of year 2005 as a sponsored TLD in the second group of new TLD applications evaluated in 2004. It is sponsored by Tralliance Registry Management Company (TRMC).
.zip (file name extension or file format):
“.zip” is the file name extension for files compressed with PKZIP or any other similar program. The ZIP file format is a data compression and archive format originally created in 1989 by Phil Katz for PKZIP used primarily as a replacement for the previous ARC compression format by Thom Henderson. A ZIP file contains one or more files that have been compressed to reduce file size, or stored as-is. The ZIP file format permits a number of compression algorithms, but as of 2009, the Deflate method continues to be dominant.
This is an opening symbol for a HTML tag in any Internet Browser document writing in HTML format.
This is a closing symbol for a HTML tag in any Internet Browser document writing in HTML format.
This is a cabling standard used for Fast Ethernet. 100BASE-T is any of several Fast Ethernet standards for twisted pair cables. This is 100 Megabit per second (100 Mbps) baseband Fast Ethernet specification using UTP wiring. Like the 10BaseT technology on which it is based, 100BaseT sends link pulses over the network segment when no traffic is present. However, these link pulses contain more information than those used in 10BaseT. *
This is another cabling standard used for Ethernet. This is 10 Megabit per second baseband (10 Mbps) Ethernet specification using two pairs of twisted pair cabling (Category 3, 4 or 5). Out of these two pairs of twisted pair cabling, one pair is for transmitting data and the other is for receiving data. 10BaseT has a distance limit of approximately 100 meters per segment.
3G stands for the Third Generation Partnership projects which are a better known name for International Mobile Telecommunications-2000 (IMT-2000). 3G is a family of standards set up by the International Telecommunication Union to expedite the development of open, globally-accepted technical specifications for third generation mobile communications technology which includes UMTS and CDMA2000 as well as the non-mobile wireless standards DECT and WiMAX. *
An “A record” is part of the zone file of the Domain Name System (DNS) and is defined by RFC 1035. It is used to point Internet traffic to an IP address by returning a 32 bit IPv4 address most commonly used to map host names to an IP address of the host. For example, you can use an “A record” to designate abc.yourdomain.com to send traffic to your web site at IP address 220.127.116.11. You can also designate xyz.yourdomain.com to go to a separate IP address. *
An Active Channel is a frequently updated information residing on a Web server. Users can subscribe to the channel if they have a CDF (Channel Definition Language) capable browser (e.g. Internet Explorer). Active Channel was first introduced by Internet Explorer 4.0 in 1997. It allows synchronizing website content and viewing it offline. It makes use of the Channel Definition Format, which is a way of defining content and structure of a website. Most Active Channels were provided by big entertainment companies like Disney, WB or AOL and also made heavy use of DHTML (Dynamic HTML).
ActiveX is a framework for defining reusable software components that perform a particular function or a set of functions in Microsoft Windows in a way that is independent of the programming language used to implement them. A software application can then be composed from one or more of these components in order to provide its functionality. ActiveX is a set of properties that specify in what way the applications share information with each other. These properties are known as ActiveX Controls. ActiveX is a brand name referring to a set of Microsoft’s technologies and services based on Component Object Model (COM) widely released in 1997. On the Internet, ActiveX can be used with Internet Explorer versions 3 and above and with Netscape Navigator though plug-ins. ActiveX control is a COM object, written as a DLL in a programming language like Visual Basic, which follows ActiveX standards. Once downloaded, ActiveX controls have a large degree of freedom, presenting a security risk. ActiveX controls have to be digitally signed by their creator. Major competitor to ActiveX controls are JavaBeans. Some hosts support ActiveX server components for ASP.
ADN is acronym of Advanced Digital Network. AND is a dedicated network communication line that transfers the data at the speed of 56 kilo bits per second (56 kbps).
ADO is acronym for “ActiveX Data Objects”. ADO is a set of COM objects for accessing different data sources in the same way within a single data model. The data can be located in various locations, like spreadsheets, databases or ordinary files. The only information required to access the database is about the database connection and not about how it is implemented. No knowledge of SQL is required to access a database when using ADO, although one can use ADO to execute SQL commands. The disadvantage of using SQL directly is that it introduces a dependency upon the type of database used and the advantage is that it makes the database accessible without the internal knowledge of how it is implemented.
ADSL is acronym for Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line. This is a method for moving data over regular telephone lines. This is one form of the Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) technology, which is a data communications technology that enables data transmission over copper telephone lines faster than a conventional voice band modem can provide. An ADSL circuit is much faster than a regular phone connection, and the wires coming into the setup of the subscriber are the same copper wires used for regular phone service. An ADSL circuit is used to configure to connect two specific locations, very much similar to a leased line. ADSL communication lines can be configured in a symmetric as well as asymmetric manner for uploading and downloading data. In its asymmetric configuration, a typical configuration of ADSL would allow a subscriber to receive data at a download speed of up to 1.544 Mega bits per second, and to send data at an upload speed of up to 128 kilo bits per second. Another commonly found ADSL configuration would be symmetrical with 384 kilobits per second in both directions. In theory ADSL allows download speeds of up to 9 megabits per second and upload speeds of up to 640 kilobits per second. ADSL is often discussed as an alternative to ISDN, allowing higher speeds in cases where the connection is always to the same end points of contacts. The best thing with ADSL is that unlike the dial up, it does not block the telephone line from working for its intended purpose of voice communication.
AIFF is acronym for Audio Interchange File Format. AIFF is a high quality audio file format introduced by Apple. AIFF is a data file standard used for storing sound data for personal computers and other electronic audio devices. The format was co-developed by Apple Computer in 1988 based on Interchange File Format (IFF, widely used on Amiga systems) of Electronic Arts and is most commonly used on Apple Macintosh computer systems. The audio data in a standard AIFF file stays in format of uncompressed pulse code modulation (PCM). There is also a compressed variant of AIFF known as AIFF-C or AIFC, with various defined compression codecs.
Aliased Name Server:
An aliased name server is the one name server that has been labeled as one’s own except that it is in fact owned by its own web hosting provider. This allows domains hosted on the server are listed as “ns.your-domain.com” rather than “ns.your-providers-domain.com”. Aliased name servers are often offered with reseller accounts.
Anon FTP is a commonly known name for Anonymous File Transfer Protocol or Anonymous FTP. This is a method for downloading and uploading files using FTP protocol without having a user name or a password. The public can log in the FTP server with a common login user name which is usually the word “anonymous” or “ftp”, and the login password is usually the email address of the person. If a hosting plan offers this service, the users will be able to download or upload files with FTP without having their own account. Anonymous FTP is beneficial for the distribution of large files to the public, avoiding the need to assign large numbers of login and password combinations for FTP access.
A SMTP server that allows sending anonymous email messages. It removes or changes the “From” field of all messages that it processes.
ANSI is acronym for “American National Standards Institute”. ANSI is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. The organization also coordinates standards in United States with international standards so that American products can be used worldwide. For example, standards make sure that people who own cameras can find the film they need for that camera anywhere around the globe.
Apache is one of the most popular and an open-source (source code is freely available and can be shared) HTTP Web server software built and is maintained by a group of open source programmers. According to a survey by Net craft, Apache is currently the most popular web server on the Net. It is usually run on Unix operating system versions like Linux or BSD, but it can also be run on Windows. It is a full-featured server with many powerful add-ons freely available. It is often used because of its excellent performance, security features and the fact that it is available free of cost. Apache faces major competition from IIS server of Microsoft.
Applet is often referred to a small Java program that can be embedded in an HTML page and run on an Internet browser. Applets differ from full-fledged Java applications in that they are run in a sandbox and are not allowed to access certain resources on the local computer, such as files and serial devices (modems, printers, etc.), and are prohibited from communicating with most other computers across a network. The current rule is that an applet can only make an Internet connection to the computer from which the applet was sent.
A type of hosting in which a software application is hosted and shared for use over Internet.
An online database of anonymous ftp sites and their contents. It allows searching the ftp repositories using file name queries. In fact Archie is a tool for indexing FTP archives that allows people to find specific files. It is considered to be the first Internet search engine. The original implementation of Archie was written in 1990 by Alan Emtage, Bill Heelan, and J. Peter Deutsch, then students at McGill University in Montreal. A tool (software) for finding files stored on anonymous FTP sites. To search a file over FTP site, required to know is the exact file name or a substring of it.
An archive site is a website that stores information on web pages or are the actual web pages from the past for anyone to view. In other words, Archive site is a server that contains archives and which is accessible through FTP connection, E-mail or HTTP access.
Archives are large files containing valuable data. Archives are often compressed to save space. More preciously, an archive is the term name give to a collection of historical records, as well as the place they are located. Archives contain primary source documents that have accumulated over the course of an individual or lifetime of an organization.
ARJ is an acronym for “Archived by Robert Jung” and it is one of the most popular compression formats and is the software tool designed by Robert K. Jung for creating high efficiency compressed file archives. ARJ is currently on version 2.85 for DOS and 3.15 for Windows and supports 16 bit and 32 bit Intel architectures to work upon.
ARPA is acronym for Advanced Research Projects Agency, which is an undertaking organization of government of United States. This organization is responsible for creating the ancestor of Internet of current days. It was renamed DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) during March 1972, then renamed ARPA again during February 1993, and then renamed DARPA again during March 1996. This is a popular agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technology for use by the military. DARPA has been responsible for funding the development of many technologies which have had a major effect on the world, including computer networking, as well as NLS, which was both the first hypertext system, and an important precursor to the contemporary ubiquitous graphical user interface.
ARPANet is a commonly known name and acronym for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network created by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the United States Department of Defense in 1969. ARPA was the first operational packet switching network of the world, and the predecessor of the contemporary global Internet. The packet switching of the ARPANET was based on designs by Lawrence Roberts, of the Lincoln Laboratory.
ASCII is acronym for American Standard Code for Information Interchange. This is the de facto world-wide standard character coding scheme for the code numbers used by computers to represent all text characters including the upper and lower-case Latin letters, numbers, punctuation, etc. There are 128 standard ASCII codes each of which can be represented by a 7 digit binary number starting from 0000000 through 1111111, plus a parity bit. The great thing in ASCII is that it is defined in the order of occurrence of English Characters in upper case, followed by lower case followed by decimal number digits.
ASP .NET is a web application framework. The framework is developed and marketed by Microsoft. ASP .Net Framework allows the programmers to build dynamic web sites, web applications and web services. ASP .NET is built on the Common Language Runtime (CLR), that allows the programmers to write ASP .NET code using any supported .NET language
ASP .NET Hosting:
This is usually considered as a type of the web hosting that supports the .Net applications with Active Server Pages Programming. This is very much similar to .net hosting.
ASP Engine is a program that supports the web server to run ASP pages on it. When a browser requests an ASP file, IIS passes the request to the ASP engine. The ASP engine reads the ASP file, line by line, and executes the scripts in the file. Finally, the ASP file is returned to the browser as plain html
ASP Hosting is a type of web hosting that supports Active Server Pages, a server-side scripting environment from Microsoft. This provides accessibility to Microsoft’s ASP .NET application framework for building and hosting web-based applications..
ASP is acronym for Active Server Pages. It is more commonly known as Classic ASP. It is a technology developed by Microsoft for creating dynamic websites. An ASP file can contain text, HTML tags and scripts. Scripts in an ASP file are executed
What is Cloud Hosting?
An Introductory Overview
“Cloud Hosting” has been the buzzword of tons of discussions among techies these days. For some people this may be a new term to know but for other people who are little more technology curious, this is a term which is doing the rounds of latest web technologies on the internet.
To understand the principle of cloud hosting, one can just think of a puzzle where there is a group of persons and each of them knows a unique part of a story. Once they sit together, they can tell the complete story to someone or every one, but if anyone is absent, the story cannot be completed. Something similar to it is the internet technology what is known as “Cloud Hosting”.
Cloud hostng means to host the information and data over muliple interconnected machines (computers), and using this in a collaborative manner whenever required. This means, that there are multiple computers available, interconnected to each other for either way communication, data is partially stored on each of them, and whenever required, they contribute to the data pool with the partial data with them to give the data pool a complete shape. This is another innovative manner of information storing, sharing, and reconstructing.
Traditional Hosting Techniques
Before anyone can understand and appreciate the modern hosting technique of Cloud Hosting, one needs to be aware of the traditional manners of hosting so that a true appreciation to this modern innovation can be offered. Data hosting is not as new concept as the Cloud Hosting and in fact it has a fairly long history too. There have been traditional hosting mechanisms like home server hosting, shared server hosting, virtual private hosting, and dedicated server hosting etc. Let us have a brief look on them.
Home server is usually a single computing machine placed in a private residence which can be used to host one or more web sites from a usually consumer grade broadband connection. Home server can be machines built for specific application purposes or more commonly old PCs. Some ISPs actively attempt to block home servers by disallowing incoming requests to TCP port 80 of the user’s connection and by refusing to provide static IP addresses. A common way to attain a reliable DNS hostname is by creating an account with a dynamic DNS service. A dynamic DNS service will automatically change the IP address that a URL points to when the IP address changes.
Shared Hosing Service
In the shared hosting service the web or data or the application is hosted with many other applications on a commonly shared server. Typically, all the applications or web sites may share a common pool of server resources, such as RAM and the CPU.
Virtual Private Server or the Virtually Dedicated Server
Virtual private server is another innovative manner of web hosting in which virtualization technology is employed in order to allow multiple logical servers to run on a single physical server. This is also known as Dedicated virtualisation, or Private Cloud.
Dedicated virtualisation, or Private Cloud is built on dedicated servers running hypervisor software e.g. VMware, Xen or Hyper-V. The hypervisor software provides a very light weight Operating System specifically to enable virtualisation, allowing the service provider to create multiple virtual servers on one physical server. This means that a single physical server virtually acts like if multiple servers are installed for use. Each existing virtual server behaves in entirely independent way from the others. It also works in the same way as a standard stand alone physical server. This allows much higher utilisation of the available CPU resources. Private Cloud combines resource and budget optimisation with rapid scaling up or down, together with the higher security, and improved reliability of a Managed Hosting Solution.
Dedicated hosting service
Dedicated Hosting Service is also called managed hosting service. In this type of hosting service, the service provider owns and manages the machine and lease out the full control to the client. Management of the server includes continous monitoring of server and ensuring unintrrupted, effective, and efficient working of the server. This can further include the backup services, installation of security patches and various levels of technical support. Managed Hosting offers its clients the peace of mind of hosting on dedicated infrastructure where the client owns the entire control over the server in high security data centres. The client enjoys technical support 24 X 7 X 365 by a dedicated team of expert technicians and also account managers in many cases. The main benefits of Managed Hosting include converting capex to opex where the client takes the infrastructure on lease and need not to purchase and set up the entire hardware and software. On the same side, the service provider provides the client with a dedicated team of support technicians at its service 24 hours a day and the client need not to hire its team for these tasks. The service provider also offers the security of data, with multiple redundant connections to the Internet to ensure continuous service of the applicaions hosted on its servers.
Colocation web hosting service
Colocation web hosting service is quie similar to the dedicated web hosting service, but the user owns the colo server. In this service, the hosting company provides physical space that the server takes up and takes care of the server. This is the most powerful and expensive type of web hosting service. In most cases, the colocation provider may provide little or even zero support directly for the machines of their clients. They may decide to provide only the electrical power, Internet access, and storage facilities for the server. In most cases for colo servers, the client would have his own administrator, who would visit the data center on site and do any needful hardware upgrades or changes. Co-location facilities hence provide just the Internet connection, uninterrupted power supply and climate control, but let the client do his own system administration.
Thereafter came another innovation, “The Cloud Hosting” in which the user can increase its infrastructure without actual ownership to it. Cloud Hosting is a new type of hosting platform that allows customers powerful, scalable and reliable hosting based on clustered load-balanced servers and utility billing. Removing single-point of failures and allowing customers to pay for only what they use versus what they could use.
Cloud Hosting in detail
The term ‘Cloud’ is a metaphor for ‘Internet’ and is originated from the literal ‘fluffy cloud’ image so beloved of illustrators when physically depicting the internet on IT architecture diagrams. “Cloud Hosting” therefore can be simply understood as ‘Internet Hosting”. Cloud Hosting has now come to an acknowledgeable meaning of ‘Hosting Web Resources that over the internet as a service to users’. This can be taken as a revolution offering the services of the infrastructure and products without their physical purchases.
A cloud is basically an infrastructure that operates on a distributed data center environment over multiple connected servers, instead of limiting the hosting to a single server (traditional hosting). The infrastructure is scalable and is virtually unlimited with an assumption that a new server can always be added and scaled up as per the requirements.
The Cloud Hosting
Cloud hosting can be understood as the use of a number of third party web hosting services to meet the storage and hosting needs permanently or even for the temporary needs time to time. Here the Cloud means to the Internet. With cloud hosting, the service taking companies can scale up to massive capacities in an instant without having to invest in new infrastructure. They can also scale down the infrastructure if finds no use of them in future. For meeting any temporary need, the infrastructure can be again scaled up instantly any time. Cloud hosting is of great benefits to the small and medium sized business companies. Cloud hosting is self service, billed on time basis hourly or monthly, and controlled via a web interface or API.
Over recent years, ‘Cloud’ has suffered from a lack of definition, but for many users of this term, the definition of Cloud Hosting is simple. It is believed that the ‘cloud hosting’ gives organisations access to a resilient, high availability ‘infrastructure as a service’ solution that offers IT outsourcing at lower cost than in-house. It provides and manages the services of hosting infrastructure and the clients use it when they want and as often as they want. The greatest thing in this is that the clients have liberty of paying only for the services that they utilise or consume and that too only for the time they use.
Cloud hosting, grid servers or more specifically cloud computing refers to distributing or clustering any website or a data pool across multiple servers. These multiple servers are known as the cloud servers. It literally means that multiple dedicated servers handle the processing of data, and one major benefit is the ability to instantly scale without actual investment in physical infrastructure. If say for example the website or the data pool were dugg, or featured on the news, and the traffic instantly grew, cloud computing would allow for the website owner to match the increase in traffic with increase in cloud servers and instantly scaling.
With the cloud hosting model, high availability is simple and affordable, and disaster recovery and resiliency are dramatically cheaper. For example: Servers can be set up in minutes, new services and applications can be deployed, tested and fine tuned before being released to production environments, negating the usual install delays and internal procurement processes. Seasonal traffic spikes can be countered and that too simply.
Cloud Hosting Vs. Dedicated Hosting
Cloud Hosting is quite an innovative service different from dedicated hosting. Dedicated Hosting is a type of Internet hosting in which a server is given on lease to the client (or the service buyer) and the client is provided with the full control over this leased server. Instead of sharing the hosting space on a server with multiple clients, dedicated hosting services allows the client to rent an entire web server from a hosting service provider for their own exclusive use. Although it is very expensive, dedicated hosting has its own benefits too. Dedicated Hosting provides entire control over the server. One can customize the server as per its own needs. They have their own choice over the operating system also.
Cloud hosting on the other hand is a set of pooled hosting resources delivered over the Internet. The Cloud delivers a hosting environment that does not limit an application to a specific set of resources but offers a vast pool of hosting media to widen their abilities. Depending on the platform, an application can scale up or down dynamically and control its share of resources on the fly. The Cloud can quickly scale to thousands of servers to make resources available as they are needed. Further, the Cloud hosting customers never need to worry about buying new hardware to meet increasing traffic demands or huge traffic spikes.
Major Applications of Cloud Hosting
Applications of Cloud Hosting can be availed in mainly three ways:
1. Software as a Service (SAAS)
2. Platform as a Service (PAAS)
3. Infrastructure as a Service (IAAS)
Here the meaning of the service is that, the software, platform and the infrastructure, whatever the case may be, is not owned by the one who uses it. Rather, a third party sets up them on a large scale and offer the others to use it on a lease rental basis. This way, the owner of the software, platform and the infrastructure offers its set up as services to the others. The user of the services needs to pay only for the features that are of its use and only for the time for which the service is required.
Benefits of Cloud Hosting
1. On Demand Service: The client can take the advantages of the services whenever they are needed and need not to worry about them in advance. The client need not to invest in arranging for the infrastructure before it is actualy needed.
2. Broad Network Access: The cloud permits to enjoy the network based access to the applications and also enables the management of software and services on anywhere, anytime basis.
3. Resource Pooling: A large pool of users can share resources independent of their regional and geographical locations, their costs and other constraints. The resources can be shared very effectively in an environmentally sustainable way.
4. Flexible Resource Allocation: As demands fluctuate from high to low and low to high, the cloud hosting services can be scaled up or down easily and in fact instantly. The service seeker need not to have to worry about bringing new servers online or reallocating the resources.
5. Benefits of Measured services in Cloud hosting: Usage in Cloud Hosting service is metered and is charged often per user or per unit time. This means that the service buyer pays only for what service is used and only for the time the service is used. Service levels are usually contractually defined.
6. Cost Effectiveness by sharing of resources: Cloud Hosting is cheaper than other hosting service. The truth is that the cloud hosting service buyer needs to balance the up-front savings with ongoing subscription costs to determine the actual savings. The “pay as you go” approach lets the service buyer to balance its IT budget with operational expense spending instead of capital expenses. So it can expect to reduce the costs associated with server hardware, support and deployment, and related to power consumption.
7. Fast Service by ready to use infrastructure: Data intensive hosting in the cloud is usually expected to be about six times faster than in isolated data centers. The service seeker are able to deploy its applications more quickly as compared to any traditional means of application hosting. This Cloud service is certainly faster to procure on-demand services.
8. Easy Disaster Recovery: Security of the data against natural calamities like earthquake, fire, water etc. is easier and more effective with cloud hosting. This can be an inbuilt hidden feature of cloud hosting because as per its nature, cloud hosting is a geographically distributed hosting. Due to its regionally distributed nature, and because of the fact that the hosting servers are located in remote regional locations, the resources in one region stay safe from natural calamities in other regions. Simultaneous mishappenings in all the regions can be considered next to impossible in practical conditions.
9. Cloud Hosting is Green: In 2006, the Department of Energy estimated that U.S. data centers consumed about 1.5 percent of all U.S. electricity use, and current projections show world wide carbon emissions from data centers will quadruple by 2020. Consolidating and sharing resources can curb the waste of data center sprawl and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. So yes, the cloud truly has a greener mode of working with no loss of working efficiencies and effeciveness.