This election pitted Duvalier, who had backing of the military, against Louis Déjoie, a mulatto land-owner and industrialist from the north of Haiti. Duvalier ran with a populist agenda, challening the mulatto elite. He won in a landslide victory, partly because he forcibly exiled his biggest opponent among blacks, Daniel Fignole, before the election. Duvalier had bought off many of his political opponents, which is what led to his large military support. He promised to rebuild the nation, like many candidtates did.