Recent Event Highlights: North Africa converts to Islam/Tariqâ€™s invasions into Spain, fall of jerusalem, and 12 more...
Created by deanlewisgahs on Apr 6, 2011
Last updated: 04/08/11 at 10:59 AM
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The Fall of Constantinople was the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire, which occurred after a siege by the Ottoman Empire, under the command of Sultan Mehmed II, against the defending army commanded by Emperor Constantine XI. The siege lasted from Friday, 6 April 1453 until Tuesday, 29 May 1453 (according to the Julian Calendar), when the city was conquered by the Ottomans.
Maliâ€™s greatest king was a man named Mansa Musa. He expanded the territory of his empire and continued its wealth through increased trade. Musa was a devout Muslim and is most famous for his pilgrimage to Mecca in which he demonstrated the wealth of his empire to the Mediterranean world.
Most beloved brethren: Urged by necessity, I, Urban, by the permission of God chief bishop and prelate over the whole world, have come into these parts as an ambassador with a divine admonition to you, the servants of God. I hoped to find you as faithful and as zealous in the service of God as I had supposed you to be. But if there is in you any deformity or crookedness contrary to God's law, with divine help I will do my best to remove it
These differences eventually lead to a SCHISM or division of the Church. After the schism, the Eastern Church became known as the ORTHODOX church, and The Western Church became known as the CATHOLIC church.
The origin of the Magyars is obscure and half-legendary. Yet historians have surmised that the Magyars were originally a Finno-Ugric people, related to the Finns, the Estonians, and the Mordvinians.
Charlemagne (Charles the Great) became master of Western Europe. It was falling into decay when Charlemagne became joint king of the Franks in 768.
Islamic Expansion into W. Europe would eventually be stopped in 732 A.D. after Muslim Forces were defeated at the Battle of Tours in France.
Byzantine rule was ended by the Arabs, who invaded Tunisia from 647-648 and Morocco in 682 in the course of their drive to expand the power of Islam. In 670, the Arab general and conqueror Uqba Ibn Nafi established the city of Kairouan (in Tunisia) and its Great Mosque also known as the Mosque of Uqba
As different people fought for who should be Caliph, a Schism developed in Islam. There were now two versions of Islam Sunni and Shiite
Islamic Armies conquered the cities o Jerusalem and Damascas. These cities had been important for Christians and Jews
Muhammad was exiled from Mecca in 622 A.D. and fled to Medina because people did not like his monotheistic beliefs. These people worshipped many gods and worshipped idols in their temples
A war to reconquer the former Roman territories- Justinian reconquered lands in west from Germanic tribes. The lands were lost after Justinian death.
For other sieges laid upon the city of Jerusalem in history, see Siege of Jerusalem. Siege of Jerusalem Part of the First Jewish-Roman War The sack of Jerusalem, from the inside wall of the Arch of Titus, Rome Date March â€“ September 70 Location Jerusalem, Judaea Result Siege succeeds; Temple of Jerusalem destroyed and sacked. Territorial changes Jerusalem (which declared independence in 66) is returned to Roman rule Belligerents Roman Empire Jews of Judea Jewish Zealots Jewish Sicarii Commanders and leaders Titus Flavius Vespasianus Simon Bar Giora Yohanan mi-Gush Halav (John of Gischala) Eleazar ben Simon Strength 70,000 men 60,000 men, split among three factions Casualties and losses Unknown 60,000 (1.1 million according to Josephus) The Siege of Jerusalem in the year 70 AD was a decisive event in the First Jewish-Roman War. It was followed by the fall of Masada in 73. The Roman army, led by the future Emperor Titus, with Tiberius Julius Alexander as his second-in-command, besieged and conquered the city of Jerusalem, which had been occupied by its Jewish defenders in 66. The city and its famous Second Temple were destroyed in 70.