This is a chronological representation of the history of the book. Major historical events are also recorded to place books in their context. The bias is Dutch at the moment but anyone who wishes to contribute other views and places is welcome. Just mail: email@example.com
Created by dijstelberge on Jun 21, 2008
Last updated: 05/28/12 at 01:57 PM
John Buckland-Wright (1897-1954) illustrated Dolores for an edition of Swinburnes poem, published by Stols.
White line engraving
Etching by Picasso (1881-1973) for an edition of Ovid's Metamorphoses, the first book published by Skira.
Chromolithography was patented and perhaps invented in 1837 by Godefroy Engelmann. As a way of rendering colors it has hardly been surpassed in modern times but as it was a very timeconsuming job for an absolute master in the trade it has never been a popular technique.
William Blake (1757-1827) invented a new technique that inversed the normal way of etching and is called relief etching.
Louis XVI died under the guilotine and so did his wife Marie Antionette and a big part of the French nobility. The mechanisation of death - in a sense the guillotine reminds one of the printing press with it's mechanical repetitions. The French revolution also brought mass conscription armies and death on an unprecedented scale.
A process invented by William Blake (1757-1827) in which the inkt was applied to the parts that were not bitten away. The coloring was done by hand.
Gautier d'Agoty, Jacques Fabian. Anatomie generale des viscères . ([Paris: s.n., 1752]). Jacques Gautier d'Agoty was born in Marseilles in about 1717 and was trained as a printmaker under the noted Jacob Christoph Le Blon (1670-1741) whose technique for color printing is used with mezzotint plates in the primary colors with the addition of black.
Albinus, Bernhard Siegfried. Tabulae sceleti et musculorum corporis humani. (Londini : Typis H. Woodfall, impensis Johannis et Pauli Knapton, 1749).
Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (i.e. Weiss) was born in Frankfurt an der Oder on February 24, 1697, the son of the physician Bernhard Albinus (1653-1721). He studied in Leyden with such notable medical men as Herman Boerhaave, Johann Jacob Rau, and Govard Bidloo and received further training in Paris. He returned to Leyden in 1721 to teach surgery and anatomy and soon became one of the most well-known anatomists of the eighteenth century. He was especially famous for his studies of bones and muscles and his attempts at improving the accuracy of anatomical illustration. Among his publications were Historia muscolorum hominis (Leyden, 1734), Icones ossium foetus humani (Leyden, 1737), and new editions of the works of Bartholomeo Eustachio and Andreas Vesalius. Bernhard Siegfried Albinus died in Leyden on September 9, 1770.
Romeyn de Hooghe (1645-1708) used a special technique for his etchings so he could make more prints.
He is known for his enourmous production and for his erotic prints (some scholars use the word pornographic but that seems rather overdone)
This rather naive emblems remind one of early 20th century picasso
Shou, Hua. Jushikei hakki (Shi si jing fa hui. Japanese & Chinese). ([Tokyo] : Suharaya Heisuke kanko, Kyoho gan ).
Hua Shou was a noted Chinese physician of the mid-14th century. He is perhaps best known for being the first to write a systematic commentary on the section of Nan-ching relating to the pulse, which was first published in about 1341. The Nan-ching was a brief commentary in two volumes on the Nei-ching, whose title is translated as "The Canon of Chinese Medicine," some of whose chapters date as far back as the fifth century B.C.E. The Nan-ching contained new information about the pulse, however, and Hua Shou was an important proponent of using the pulse and a related characteristic, the mo, to judge a patient's qi, or vital energy, in diagnosis.
Bidloo, Govard. Ontleding des menschelyken lichaams. (Amsterdam: By de weduwe van Joannes van Someren, de erfgenaamen van Joannes van Dyk, Hendrik en de weduwe van Dirk Boom, 1690).
Govard Bidloo was born in Amsterdam in 1649 and became professor of anatomy at The Hague from 1688 to 1694, when he took the same position at Leyden. He was later appointed the physician of William III of England, who was originally Dutch, until the King's death in 1702. In that year, Bidloo returned to Leyden to take his old position until his death there in 1713.
William III of Orange conquered England and thus saved the Parlaiment and the Anglican church.
An extraordinary edition of Vitruvius was dedicated to Louis XIV, in 1684 at the apogee of his power. The machines are interesting as they are a lot bigger than in any other edition.
A great edition of a great book: Almost 200 years after the first printed edition this one was published, dedicated to king Louis XIV. The machines are of interest: they are very big indeed.
After twenty years of government by the Dutch states, under the ascendancy of pensionary Johan de Witt, William of Orange was named stadholder.
The mennonite inventor Jan van der Heyden invented a new firehose - to late to save the great printing house of the Blaeus that burned down that year. This fire is shown in the book that Van der Heyden wrote,with an estimate of the enormous costs. It left Joan Blaeu with a broken heart.
The Dutch master Romeyn de Hooghe published more than 4500 etchings. He used a special technique with hard varnisch to etch his plates deeper so that more prints could be made
Dirck Jansz van Santen was a 17th century master in the coloring of engravings and maps who produced some of the most beautiful books ever published. He 'painted' the color on the engraving instead of just coloring it with water-based paint.
In 1666 a big part of London burnt down after being hit by a severe plague. The famous diarist Samuel Pepys left a eyewitness account of both the plague and the great fire.
In 1649 Blaeu published the first latin edition of his atlas of Dutch towns. It was part of his project to create the greatest atlas that the world had ever known. The picture shows Amersfoort, a small town in Utrecht.
In 1648 the 80-years war in the Netherlands and the 30-years war in Germany both ended.
One of the few bookillustrations by Rembrandt was this etching in a book of Herckmans. Normally an artist would do a design that was engraved so that more prints could be made. Later in the 17th century the dutch artist Romeyn de Hooghe would device a method to make etchings that would last longer than the hundred or so prints one could normally pull from them.
Emperor Rudolf II of Habsburg (1557-1612) was little effective as a ruler but a great patron of the arts and science.
Theodor Galle (1571–1633), after Stradanus (Jan van der Straet) (1523–1605) - a detailed engraving of a printing house that gives a detailed view of the work.
Henry IV (1553-1610) changed his religion for political reasons and gave the protestants religious freedom. He was killed by a fanatical monk. The edict of Nantes (1598) was repudiated by Louis XIV.
Jan Huygen van Linschoten (1563-1611) worked for the Portugese in India. He published a book on his travels that inspired Dutch merchants to finance voyages of exploration.
Printer of Greek to the king of France
Charles V ruled more of the world than any man before or after him: the greater part of Europe and extensive colonies in the Americas and the east. His reign was plagued by the reformation that resulted in almost a century of bloody wars.
Jan van Leiden (1509-1536) was a leader of the chiliastic anabaptist movement. The anabaptists had taken Muenster in Germany in 1534 where they soon introduced a reign of terror. Most of the militant anabaptists were killed. A pacifist and quietist group exists untill this day: the followers of Menno Simonsz
Dürer, Albrecht. Vier Bücher von menschlicher Proportion. (Nuremberg: Hieronymus Formschneyder, 1528).
Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) was a painter, graphic artist, and humanist. Dürer is best known for his woodcuts and engravings, especially in works with religious themes, such as those appearing in his noted edition of The Apocalypse which appeared in 1498.
Dürer's Vier Bücher von menschlicher Proportion was written, designed and edited by the artist himself and is the first published attempt to apply the science of human anatomical proportions to aesthetics. It is divided into four parts: the first two parts discuss the proper proportions of the human form, the third part adjusts the proportions using mathematical rules, with examples of extremely fat and thin bodies, and the fourth shows the human figure in motion. Most notable are the numerous anthropometrical woodcuts and the first use of cross-hatching to show movement through shades and shadows in wood engraving. Albrecht Dürer died in Nuremberg in April, 1528, six months before Menschlicher Proportion was printed by Hieronymus Formscheyder. At the end of the text is a short elegy written to Dürer by fellow humanist, Willibald Pirckheimer.
Gersdorff, Hans von. Feldtbůch der Wundartzney : newlich getruckt und gebessert. (Strassburg: Hans Schotten zům Thyergarten, ).
Hans von Gersdorff was one of the most noted German surgeons of the late fifteenth and early sixteen centuries. He was born about 1455. In 1517, he published Feldbůch der Wundartzney, or Fieldbook of Surgery (i.e., "Wound Doctoring") , in Strasburg. The book was based largely on the writings of medieval surgeon Guy de Chauliac.
A printer of mathematical books.
In 1527 the mostly Lutheran troups of emperor Charles V attacked and plundered Rome under the eyes of pope Clement VII who had fled to the Castel San'Angelo.
Berengario da Carpi, Jacopo. Isagogae breues, perlucidae ac uberrimae, in anatomiam humani corporis a communi medicorum academia usitatam. (Bologna: Beneditcus Hector, 1523).
Jacopo Berengario da Carpi was born about 1460, the son of a surgeon. While young, he was a student of the noted printer and editor, Aldus Manutius. He attended medical school in Bologna and later taught surgery at Pavia, and from 1502 to 1527 he was on the faculty at Bologna.
The first illustrated edition of Vitriuvius was published in Como in 1521 by Cesare Cesariono
Magellan (1480-1521 sails around the world for the king of Spain. The trip took the sailors three years. Most of the sailors (including Magellan himself who was killed on the Philippines) died.
Sigismondo Fanti: Theorica et practica de modo scribendi fabricandique omnes litterarum species. Venice: Giovanni Rosso,1514. The first edition of the first Italian writing manual.
A printer of the reformation