Compromise of 1850
In September, 1850, 5 bills were passed, each addressing slavery. Bill #1: California entered into the union as a free state. Bill #2: New Mexico and Utah give the people popular sovereignty to settle slavery issues. Bill #3: Texas pays Mexico $10 million for taking extra land (present day New Mexico). Bill #4: Slave trade in the District of Columbia is destroyed. Bill #5: Fugitive slave Act is enforced.
On May 30, 1854, the US Congress established the Nebraska and Kansas territories. Stephen A. Douglas, chairman of Senate Committee on Territories, proposed to leave the choice of becoming a slave territory to the settlers, this was known as the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Following the Mexican-American war new territories from Mexico were wanted by the American government. On August 8, 1846, David Wilmot, a man from Pennsylvania, came up with the Wilmot Proviso, a statement saying that the land acquired from Mexico would be free territories.
American people believed it was their destiny to spread across the continent. During July and August, people spread west of the Mississippi as part of what John L. O’Sullivan called, “The Manifest Destiny.”
Settelers in mexico terrritory were fighting for Texas territory,on march 2 of 1836.Texas was fighting because they didnt want to have to switch to catholics,didnt want to have to speak spanish,and they didnt allow slavery.
Nat Turner Rebellion
On August 21, 1831 in Southhampton, Virginia, a solar eclipse took place. While some were in awe, a black slave took it as a sign from GOD to start a rebellion. Nat Turner, a slave of Joseph Travis, and seven other blacks rebelled against and killed Travis, starting a rebellion that would last up to thirty-six hours. About seventy blacks joined Turner in his rebellion, killing around fifty white people. The militia was notified and the rebellion was stopped short of Turners original goal.
Missouri Enters the Union
The Missouri Territory, part of the Louisiana Purchase, gained enough settlers to qualify for Statehood in 1818. To the Missouri Statehood bill, James Tallmadge presented an amendment to stop the introduction of slaves to the territory.