Recent Event Highlights: Immigration Restriction Act, School board of San Fransisco rules all Chinese, Japanese, and Korean children should attend a seperate school, Chinese Exclusion Act, Northwest and Central European Immigrant Surge, and 10 more...
Created by eakokol on Oct 29, 2010
Last updated: 11/22/10 at 08:45 PM
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The act limited immigration from Europe and Asia. Labor shortages brought more Mexicans across the border. By 1925, LA had the largest Spanish speaking population of any North American city outside of Mexico.
World War I increased the demand for laborers to grow and harvest food and mine the copper, coal, and other necessary minerals needed for the war effort.
Banned alien (non citizen) Asians from owning farmland
The Mexican Revolution and ensuing civil war increased the number of Mexicans coming north over the next 10 years.
Angel Island was built in San Fransisco Bay, much like Ellis Island for New York City. it was built to handle immigrants coming from the East. It performed the same medical checks but Chinese also had to prove they should not be excluded.
This agreement was made between the United States and Japan after the San Francisco School Board made their 1906 ruling. The agreement called for the school board to end the policy and for Japan to stop issuing passports to laborers. However, it was not an official government document so it was not binding.
The school board of San Fransisco made this decision in 1906. However, the Japanese government condemned the actions of the school board. The Japanese government also claimed an 1894 treaty gave Japanese citizens the right to enter the US freely and threatened to become an international crisis.
Promoted the irrigation of southwestern lands. Over the next 10 years, irrigation turned millions of acres of desert into fertile farmland across Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, and California. Employers hired Mexican laborers to work on farms, ranches, and mines.
Hawaii was annexed by the United States in 1898 which allowed many Japanese, who had immigrated to Hawaii before it was annexed, to immigrate to the west coast of the United States. By 1920, about 200,000 had arrived in the US through west coast ports.
Before Ellis Island, most immigrants had gone through Castle Gardens, an area right off the tip of Manhattan, for acceptance into the US.
The Office of the Superintendent of Immigration was formed to decide who was fit to settle in America and who was not. There were many stories of families being ripped apart because of those decisions.
Immigrants were no longer coming from countries such as Ireland and Great Britain. Now, around 10 million Italians, Greeks, Slavs, Jews, and Armenians entered the country. Around 3.8 million Italians alone. around 3 million, primarily Jews, came from Russia as well.
The Chinese Exclusion Act prohibited Chinese laborers from entering the country. This was done because so many politicians and labor unions were upset that immigrants would take lower wages to perform the same job so the union workers were being replaced or paid less. The act was renewed in 1892 and 1902. It was then made permanent. It was not repealed until 1943. Because of this, the amount of citizens of Chinese descent dropped drastically during this time period.
Before 1882, which immigrants were allowed in was up to individual states. The federal government eventually took over that job.
Russian pogroms, violent massacres of Jews, swept through Russia. The Jews faced incredible hostility from their government and the Christians. The Czar responded by sharply limiting where Jews could live and how they could earn a living. This resulted in many Jews immigrating to America.
2.8 million immigrants came from Germany. 1.8 immigrants came from Great Britain. 1.4 million immigrants came from Ireland. In the end about 10 million new immigrants arrived during this time period.
Immigration surged from 1865-1920, nearly doubling the American population.