during the 1930's two major problems faced the world, the economic crisis that swept the world after the Wall Street Crash and the attempts by Germany, Italy and Japan to expand their territory.
Created by emilylambkin on Apr 26, 2011
Last updated: 04/26/11 at 08:33 PM
the war still showed no signs of ending in late 1916. by this time the AIF was the only force made up entirely of volunteers. australians enthusiastice responses to recruitment decreased as they learened more about batllefront conditions and the highrates of australian casualties in france.
war began with Austro-Hungareian troops fighting russian and Serbian troops in eastern europe and German troops fighting franve , belguim and their allies in wester europe. by late 21914 all armies had begun to build trenches to protect their soldiers from the enemy and from the winter cold.
australian men and women served in ,any parts if the world during World War II. at first australians were sent to the Mederteranian, Middle east and North Africa where they faught against the Italians, Germans and the French.
Australian women played a more active and important role in WWII war effoert than they had during WWI. they voluntered in tens of thousands for work in traditional roles and in areas beyond those roles.
in the asia pacific region Japan was an independant nationalistic and military powerful country in comparison to most other Asian countires. the other countries were either colonies of European powers or closely allied to them.
followiing the fall of singapore to the Japanese in febuary 1942 and the Japanese occupation of Indonesiathe Japanese orgonised to occupy Port Moresby in what was teh Australian teritory of paupa new guiniea.
australians took pride in being part of the british empire, the empire on which the sun never ste. it covered about 25% of the earths surface and gave brittain controland/or influence over 27 million square kilometers of land and 390 million people.
On 25 april 1915 16000 anzac troops landed two kilometers north of the intended position at GabaTepe. turkish forces were located at the top of the stppe cliffs that fringed the tiny landing beach.by night fall of the first day the anzacs had advanced 900 meters at a cost of about 2000 casuakties including 621 dead.
Although australias involvment in the Gallipoli campaign i sthe on most often linked with its participation in WWI. it was only apart of australias contribution to the war effort. australian soliders ,sailors and airmen served in the oceans around australia and in new guinea egypt peninsula and most significantly on the western front.
during wwII the australian governmant took control of many aspects of civilian life. on 9 september 1939 just a week after the start of WWII the commonwealth goovernmant was given wide ranging powers in the national security act.
the armistice and the cease-fire that brought an end to the war to end all wars came into effect at 11 am on 11 november 1918- the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. people celebrated the wars end and mourned its high cost. australians had a high death toll among the couuntries that faughtt in world was I and it would have been hard to find and australian familky not affected by over for years of fighting.
between 1940 and 1945 30000 australians becam prisoners of war. of these 8000 were prisoners of the German and Italian and 22000 were prisoners of the japanese
the European War ended on 8 may 1945 when Germany Surrenderd . Australia had little involvement in these campaigns as our military forces with the exceotion of some aircrew were still busy fighting against the japanese in the pacific.
the year 1942 was the first period in Australias history when it came under direct military attack with the bombkin of northen australian cities and attacks allong the new south wales coastline. the precived threat of incasion by asia that had troubled Australians for decades suddenly seemed to have become real.