Recent Event Highlights: Ariel Sharon Announces a Withdrawl, Ariel Sharon Became Prime Minister, Israel Joined with Britain and France, Britain Gave Up Mandate, and 12 more...
Created by ericsteinman on Mar 2, 2011
Last updated: 03/06/11 at 12:30 PM
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Ariel Sharon announces a withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and re-commitment to the biggest Jewish settlements in the West Bank. Just over 4 million Palestinians, who fled Israeli expansion and the 1967 war, are still in exile in the West bank, Gaza Strip, Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan.
Violence flared across the West Bank and Gaza Strip after Ariel Sharon made a provocative visit to the Haram al-Sharif mosque compound. Palestinian Authority police traded fire with Israeli soldiers. Many were killed, hundreds injured. Most of the casualties were Arabs.
By the end of 2000, over 300 people were dead. Ariel Sharon became the prime minister of Israel in February 2001. After September 11, violence escalated as Israel pursued its own war on terrorism. Tensions rose and many were killed on both sides when Palestinian militants launched a new wave of suicide bombings and Israel occupied a large part of the West Bank.
The Oslo Accords were agreed, which provided for mutual recognition between the PLO and the state of Israel, and limited Palestinian self rule in the West Bank and Gaza. Jordan signed a peace deal with Israel. May 2000: Israel withdrew from Lebanon , but Hizbullah gurrillas harried the retreating Israelis, and members of the South Lebanese Army had to flee with their families to Israel.
In 1987, The Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza launched the intifada (popular uprising) against Israeli occupation.
Israel formally annexed the Golan Heights. In response to terrorist attacks on northern towns, Israel invaded Lebanon as far north as Beirut on June 6 1982. In 1985 Israel withdrew from most of Lebanon but maintained a security zone along the border policed by Israeli soldiers and members of the South Lebanese Army.
The US combined diplomacy with financial muscle to soften relations between Egypt and Israel. In 1979 the Egyptian president Anwar Sadat signed a mutual recognition pact with Israel and Sinai was returned to Egypt.
On October 6. Syria and Egypt launched a surprise attack on Israeli=held lands to coincide with the Jewish holy day of Yom Kippur. After initial losses, the Israelis regained nearly all of the territory they occupied during the six day war.
Hostilities between Israel and its neighbors continued and both sides built up their military strength. On June 5, 1967, Israel launched a preemptive strike against the Arab troops along its borders. Israel seized the Sinai from Egypt, the Golan Heights from Syria, the West Bank and the Old City of Jerusalem from Jordan.
Later that same year International pressure forced the Israelite to give up Sinai and the UK and France to remove their troops from the Suez canal.
Israel joined with Britain and France and on October 29, 1956, invaded the Sinai peninsula in Egypt.
The Jews had extended, the area proposed for them by the UN. Gamal Abde Nasser came to power in Egypt.
Britain gave up its mandate and the UN took over supervision. The UN suggested two states: one Arab and one Jewish. The Jews accept, the Arabs declined. David Ben-Gurion declared the foundation of the state of Israel on May 15, 1948. Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan invaded but were beaten back.
Jewish immigration to the Holy Land, which has been going on sine the 1880s. The local Arabs wanted to limit the numbers arriving. There were clashes between the Jewish immigrants and the Palestinians supported by neighboring Arab states.
The British divided the mandate in two. east of the river Jordan became the Emirate of Transjordan and was ruled by Faysal's brother Abudullah. West of the Jordan became the Palestine mandate and remained under British control.
The Arabs took over Syria. After the war League of Nations granted France and Britain control over former Ottoman territories. France was given Syria; Britain got a mandate over what became Israel, the West Bank,the Gaza Strip and Jordan.
The British promised the Jews a home land in Palestine