The engagement stopped the Confederate advance on Maryland for the purpose of gaining supplies.
After the Confederates downfall in the second Battle of Bull Run General Robert E. Lee advanced on Maryland with the hopes of capturing the Union capital Washington.
On September 17, the Union Force led by General McClellan blocked Lee's Advances but allowed them to retire in Virginia.
President Abraham Lincoln used the occasion of the Antietam victory to issue hisEmancipation Proclamation,announcing that unless the Confederates laid down their arms by January 1, 1863, he would free all slaves not residing in Union-controlled territory.
The Pacific Railway Acts were acts that provided the Union with land and money in order to construct a transcontinental railroad across the United States.
The first act geranted the Union Pacific to bulild westwaqrd from Omaha Nebraska and the Central Pacific to build eastward from Sacremento, California.
Two years later Congreess agreed to pass a second Pacific Railway Act that doubled the size of land grants and allowed railways to sell thier own bonds.
the Transcontinental Railroad was completed in 1869.
The first battle of Bull Run gave millitary advantage to the Confederacy. Manassas was an important railroad junction.
Neither the Union nor the Confederate arny was prepared at this stage of the civil war. The Federal government ordered General Irvin McDowell to Bull run against Richmond, Virginia.
The Confederates led by General Joseph E. Johnston forced the Federals to retreat back to Washington.
3,000 Union troops and between 1,700 and 3,000 Conferedate troops lost thier lives in battl.
The first military engagement of the Civil War is belived to be the attack on Fort Sumpter. The Fort's Location is On the island at the entrance of the harbour of Charleston, South Carolina. After 34 hours of a bombardment of 5,5000 Confederate troops ,Commander Robert Anderson surrendered the fort to the confederate troops.
Union President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 militiamen to serve for three months following the attack on Fort Sumter.