Recent Event Highlights: Neville Brody, and 1 more...
Created by golddiablo on Dec 5, 2010
Last updated: 12/07/10 at 06:41 AM
Glossary #11: After Digital/Digital Glass has no followers yet. Be the first one to follow.
Being Digital is a non-fiction book about digital technologies and their possible future by technology author Nicholas Negroponte. It was originally published in January 1995 by Vintage Publishing. Being Digital provides a general history of several digital media technologies, many that Negroponte himself was directly involved in developing. Negroponte analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of the technologies (such as his belief that High-definition television wastes broadcasting power), and tries to predict how the technologies will evolve. Negroponte presents a strong belief that humanity is inevitably headed towards a future where everything that can will be digitalized (be it newspapers, entertainment, or sex). This leads Negroponte to a quote repeated often in promoting and explaining the book's material, that the book is made of "unwieldy atoms" that will probably be replaced by a digital copy by the time anyone reads the book. Several e-books exist of Being Digital, making the quote rather prophetic. Being Digital also introduced the "Daily Me" concept of a virtual daily newspaper customized for an individual's tastes. This prediction has also come to pass with the advent of web feeds and personal web portals. Wikipedia. (2010). Being Digital. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Being_Digital
"The Graphic Language of Neville Brody" was a tribute to one of the most influential graphic designers of the 1980s. Since then, computer graphics have entered the field of communications and Brody has transformed his typography to create a new "visual language". These new designs are the fruits of five years' experimentation. The Tokyo department store "Parco", the Dutch telecom company PTT, and the German cable TV channel "Premiere" have all commissioned Brody's work. The results appear here alongside his new typefaces: Blur, Pop, and FF Gothic, created for Fontshop International of Berlin, publishers of "FUSE", the inetractive magazine set up by Brody in 1990 as a new forum for experimental typography. Designed by Brody himself, with Wozencroft's text, this is the second instalment in the continuing Brody story.
poladroid is an App which allows the user to create a digital version of the traditional Polaroid photograph. The website proclaims:'Welcome to the POLADROID world!' The App has an accompanying group pool on flickr to share and compare users. creative output. http:// bit.ly/polar_group Image: Sandrine by GamonGirls. http://bit.ly/sandrine
This was picked up by Lewis Blackwell's collaboration with graphic designer David Carson in Lewis Blackwell. The End of Print: the Grafik Design of David Carson (Chronicle Books, 1995) and David Carson: 2nd Sight: Grafik Design After the End of Print (Laurence King, 200). After these book, reference to the 'end of print' and/or a 'slacker' aesthetic, often implies Carson who in one 1994 issue of Ray Gun set a Bryan Ferry interview in the typeface Zapf Dingbats because he thought it was a boring interview...
The Arts and Crafts Movement was an international design movement that originated in England and flourished between 1880 and 1910, continuing its influence up to the 1930s. Instigated by the artist and writer William Morris (1834–1896) in the 1860s and inspired by the writings of John Ruskin (1819–1900), it had its earliest and fullest development in the British Isles but spread to Europe and North America as a reaction against the impoverished state of the decorative arts and the conditions under which they were produced. The movement advocated truth to materials and traditional craftsmanship using simple forms and often medieval, romantic or folk styles of decoration. It also proposed economic and social reform and has been seen as essentially anti-industrial. Wikipedia. (2010) Arts and Crafts Movement. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arts_and_Crafts_Movement
In data compression, a universal code for integers is a prefix code that maps the positive integers onto binary codewords, with the additional property that whatever the true probability distribution on integers, as long as the distribution is monotonic (i.e., p(i) ≥ p(i + 1) for all positive i), the expected lengths of the codewords are within a constant factor of the expected lengths that the optimal code for that probability distribution would have assigned. A universal code is asymptotically optimal if the ratio between actual and optimal expected lengths is bounded by a function of the information entropy of the code that, in addition to being bounded, approaches 1 as entropy approaches infinity. Wikipeida. (2010) Universal code (data compression) Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_code_(data_compression)
Neville Brody (born 23 April 1957 in London) is an English graphic designer, typographer and art director. Neville Brody is an alumnus of the London College of Printing and Hornsey College of Art, and is known for his work on The Face magazine (1981–1986) and Arena magazine (1987–1990), as well as for designing record covers for artists such as Cabaret Voltaire and Depeche Mode. He created the company Research Studios in 1994 and is a founding member of Fontworks. He has been announced to be the new Head of the Communication Art & Design department at the Royal College of Art commencing in January 2011. Wikipedia. (2010) Neville Brody. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neville_Brody
Nicholas Negroponte (born December 1, 1943) is a Greek-American architect best known as the founder and Chairman Emeritus of Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Media Lab, and also known as the founder of the One Laptop per Child Association (OLPC). Wikipedia. (2010) Nicholas Negroponte. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_Negroponte
Humanism is an approach in study, philosophy, or practice that focuses on human values and concerns. The term can mean several things, for example: A historical movement associated especially with the Italian Renaissance. An approach to education that uses literary means or a focus on the humanities to inform students. A variety of perspectives in philosophy and social science which affirm some notion of 'human nature' (by contrast with anti-humanism). A secular ideology which espouses reason, ethics, and justice, whilst specifically rejecting supernatural and religious dogma as a basis of morality and decision-making. Wikipedia. (2010) Humanism. retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanistic
Paul Virilio (born 1932 in Paris, France) is a cultural theorist and urbanist. He is best known for his writings about technology as it has developed in relation to speed and power, with diverse references to architecture, the arts, the city and the military. "The first deterrence, nuclear deterrence, is presently being superseded by the second deterrence: a type of deterrence based on what I call 'the information bomb' associated with the new weaponry of information and communications technologies." Paul Virilio, Poities of the Very Worst (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995)
The physiological and psychological changes experienced by a middle-aged person centre on the gradual decline of physical abilities and the awareness of mortality. In middle age, the relative potencies of past, present, and future are altered as the individual increasingly directs effort to the process of reminiscence and recollection of the past, rather than anticipation of the future. If approached constructively, middle age can prepare an individual for a satisfying and productive old age. See also psychological development. Britannica (2010) Middle age. Retrieved from: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/380871/middle-age
Digital art is a general term for a range of artistic works and practices that use digital technology as an essential part of the creative and/or presentation process. Since the 1970s, various names have been used to describe the process including computer art and multimedia art, and digital art is itself placed under the larger umbrella term new media art. The impact of digital technology has transformed traditional activities such as painting, drawing and sculpture, while new forms, such as net art, digital installation art, and virtual reality, have become recognized artistic practices. More generally the term digital artist is used to describe an artist who makes use of digital technologies in the production of art. In an expanded sense, "digital art" is a term applied to contemporary art that uses the methods of mass production or digital media. Wikipedia. (2010) Digital art. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_art
Zapf Dingbats is one of the more common dingbat typefaces. It was designed by the typographer Hermann Zapf in 1978 and licensed by International Typeface Corporation. In 1977, Zapf created about 1000 (or over 1200 according to Linotype) sketches of signs and symbols. ITC chose from those a subset of 360 symbols, ornaments and typographic elements based on the original designs, which became known as Zapf Dingbats. The font first gained wide distribution when ITC Zapf Dingbats, which consists of the subset chosen by ITC, became one of 35 PostScript fonts built into Apple's LaserWriter Plus. The ITC glyph set is included in Unicode and it is one of the "Basic 14" typefaces guaranteed to be available for PDF files. ZapfDingbats, PostScript version of ITC Zapf Dingbats, is distributed with Acrobat Reader 5 and 5.1. Wikipedia. (2010) Zapf Dingbats Retrieved from:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zapf_dingbats
In Postproduction (2001), Bourriaud relates deejaying to contemporary art. He lists the operations discjockeys apply to music and relates them to contemporary art practice. Bourriaud, Nicolas. Postproduction: Culture as Screenplay: How Art Reprograms the World. New York: Lukas & Sternberg, 2002. ISBN 0971119309. Translated by Jeanine Hermann. Wikipedia. (2010) Nicolas Bourriaud. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolas_Bourriaud
High fidelity—or hi-fi—reproduction is a term used by home stereo listeners and home audio enthusiasts (audiophiles) to refer to high-quality reproduction of sound or images, to distinguish it from the poorer quality sound produced by inexpensive audio equipment. Ideally, high-fidelity equipment has minimal amounts of noise and distortion and an accurate frequency response. One effort to standardize the term was the 1973 German Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN) standard DIN 45500. DIN 45 500 approval was intended to provide audio equipment buyers with reassurance that their equipment was capable of good quality reproduction. In theory, only stereo equipment that met the standard could bear the words 'hi-fi'. This standard was well intentioned but only mildly successful; in practice, the term was widely misapplied to audio products that did not remotely approach the DIN basis specifications. Wikipedia. (2010) High fidelity. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hi-Fi
Founded in 1999 by Yves Behar, fuseproject develops cohesive brand + product experiences. With a focus on establishing new markets and disrupting old ones, our work takes a long-term strategic approach to developing and enhancing our clients' business, with teams spanning brand & market strategy, identity & naming, packaging design, product development and communications design. http://www.fuseproject.com/
Frieze Art Fair is an international contemporary art fair that takes place every October in London's Regent's Park. The fair is staged by Amanda Sharp and Matthew Slotover, the publishers of frieze magazine. Frieze Art Fair features more than 150 contemporary art galleries, and the fair also includes specially commissioned artists’ projects, a talks programme and an artist-led education schedule. Wikipedia. (2010) Frieze Art Fair. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frieze_Art_Fair
A digital system is a data technology that uses discrete (discontinuous) values. By contrast, non-digital (or analog) systems use a continuous range of values to represent information. Although digital representations are discrete, the information represented can be either discrete, such as numbers, letters or icons, or continuous, such as sounds, images, and other measurements of continuous systems. The word digital comes from the same source as the word digit and digitus (the Latin word for finger), as fingers are used for discrete counting. It is most commonly used in computing and electronics, especially where real-world information is converted to binary numeric form as in digital audio and digital photography. Wikipedia. (2010) Digital. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital
Silica gel is most commonly encountered in everyday life as beads packed in a vapor-permeable plastic. In this form, it is used as a desiccant to control local humidity in order to avoid spoilage or degradation of some goods. Because of poisonous dopants (see below) and their very high absorption of moisture, silica gel packets usually bear warnings for the user not to eat the contents. If consumed, the pure silica gel is unlikely to cause acute or chronic illness. Food-grade desiccant should not include any poisons which would cause long-term harm to humans if consumed in the quantities normally included with the items of food. Wikipedia. (2010) Silica gel retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silica_gel
Nicolas Bourriaud (born 1965) is a French curator and art critic. He co-founded, and from 1999 to 2006 was co-director of, the Palais de Tokyo, Paris together with Jerôme Sans. He was also founder and director of the contemporary art magazine Documents sur l'art (1992–2000), and correspondent in Paris for Flash Art from 1987 to 1995. Bourriaud was the Gulbenkian curator of contemporary art at Tate Britain, London, and in 2009 he curated the fourth Tate Triennial there, entitled Altermodern. Wikipedia. (2010) Nicolas Bourriaud. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolas_Bourriaud
Desktop publishing (also known as DTP) combines a personal computer and WYSIWYG page layout software to create publication documents on a computer for either large scale publishing or small scale local multifunction peripheral output and distribution. The term "desktop publishing" is commonly used to describe page layout skills. However, the skills and software are not limited to paper and book publishing. The same skills and software are often used to create graphics for point of sale displays, promotional items, trade show exhibits, retail package designs and outdoor signs. Wikipedia. (2010) Desktop publishing. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desktop_publishing
Modern architecture is characterized by simplification of form and creation of ornament from the structure and theme of the building. The first variants were conceived early in the 20th century. Modern architecture was adopted by many influential architects and architectural educators, gained popularity after the Second World War, and continues as a dominant architectural style for institutional and corporate buildings in the 21st century. Wikipedia: (2010) Modern architecture. Retrieved from:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_architecture