Recent Event Highlights: Mao Reasserts his power, Mao Comes to Power, and 8 more...
Created by hjohnson731 on May 3, 2009
Last updated: 05/04/09 at 09:07 PM
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Mao's death leading to a steady decrease in his reverence. In addition leaders Mao himself trained , such as Deng Xiaoping, have managed to slowly reverse the damage done by Mao's policies while still claiming to "revere" them. These leaders have given the people encouragement towards entrepreneurial skill leading to great growth of in the Chinese cities.
Mao reasserted his power in 1969 by serving as chairman of the Ninth Communist Party Congress, and in 1970 Mao was elected as the Supreme Commander of the army and nation.
"Quotations from Chairman Mao" (also referred to as the little red book) is published and establish a sort of fervor among the red guard and they plan to find old customs and habits and eliminate them. Many schools, universities, and colleges are closed and many educated people are sent to the countryside for labor or jailed. With the introduction of the "Little Red Book" the Chinese peoples respect for learning and the experience of age was wholly reversed. Other factions of political parties soon create their own Red Guard to end the violent uprisings and the heretical thoughts. Primary Source (Excerpt from The Little Red Book): "The Three Main Rules of Discipline are as follows: (1) Obey orders in all your actions. (2) Do not take a single needle piece of thread from the masses. (3) Turn in everything captured. The Eight Points for Attention are as follows: (1) Speak politely. (2) Pay fairly for what you buy. (3) Return everything you borrow. (4) Pay for anything you damage. (5) Do not hit or swear at people. (6) Do not damage crops. (7) Do not take liberties with women. (8) Do not ill-treat captives." "On the Reissue of of the Three Main Rules of Discipline and the Eight Points for Attention - Instruction of the General Headquarters of the Chinese People's Liberation Army" (October 10, 1947), Selected Military Writings, 2nd ed., p. 343.
The cultural revolution enhanced the ideology of Mao. This led to Mass Mobilization headed by Mao and his wife , Jiang Qing, to oppose the party leadership. This lead to the removal of Liu ,among other leaders, from power in 1968.
Mao Zedong as Chairman to the Chinese Communist Party organized an experiment to catch up to more agriculturally advanced cultures. The Chinese people were urged to aid the steel production, as well as to create plenty of food while still having a surplus. In the end somewhere between 16.5 million and 40 million people died due to poorly thought plans and the execution of naysayers. The failure of this experiment also led Mao to temporarily withdraw from the public as well as a break in aid from the Soviet Union. This lead Mao to accuse the Soviet Leaders of betraying Marxism.
Mao defeated the Kuomintang forces as the chairman of the Chinese Communist Party. Standing on top of the Gate of Heavenly Peace in Peking Mao announced the establishment of the People's Republic of China (China after the event). Mao was also the chairman of the newly created People's Republic of China, he was also reelected to this post in 1954. This victory brought immediate recognition to China from the Soviet Union and the other Communist nations.
Shows a map of the Gate of Heavenly Peace (also called the Tiananmen gate) and the Imperial Palace.
Mao, Zhu De, and others established rural soviets in the hinterlands, and built the Red Army. Mao was elected chairman of the newly created Soviet Republic of China based in the Jiangxi province.
Mao worked as a library assistant in the nearby Beijing University at the time of the protest. This period of time shows the emergence of Mao's early Marxist-Leninist thoughts. However Mao believes the greatest potential for revolution in China is the peasants not the urban proletariat contrary to most Marxist-Leninist thoguht.
When Mao was thirteen his father denounced him as lay and useless in front of a group of guests. Mao, suffering this loss of pride, ran from the house to a pond and threatened to jump in if his father got any closer. After much argument Mao agreed to apologize if his father would not beat him. From this incident Mao learned that if he defended his rights in open rebellion his father would relent, while if he was submissive his father would beat him more. This taught Mao the meaning of rebellion and revolution. Picture: Mao's home as a child.
Mao was born in the village of Shaoshan (Chaoshan) of the Hunan Province. He was born into a family of prosperous peasant farmers. He has two younger brothers and a sister. Picture: Mao as a young child.