Romania - border changes and Timeline
Created by iherbst16 on 10/04/2011
Last updated: 01/05/11 at 14:30
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End of world war ll - Paris Peace Treaty – Northern Transylvania returned to Romania. Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina and southern Dobruja were not recovered. The Moldavian SSR became independent.
The Russians reached the Romanian border in the Bakans. Soviet forces entered Romania. Romania declared war on Germany. Ploesti, The central of Romanian Oil industry, fell into Soviet hands. The soviet army re -conquered Bessarabia
Romania declared war on the Soviet Union in order to recover Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina under the leadership of general Ion Antonescu.
German and Romanian troops reoccupied Moldova as part of operation Barbarossa.
16,000 sq mile area of Ukraine territory, between Dniester and Southern Bugby Germany under the name of Transnistria were granted by Hitler to Romania. For its participation in the war against the Soviet Union.
German troops occupied Romania.
Romania joins the Axis. South Dobruja was lost to Bulgaria. Northern Transylvania was given to Hungary by Germany and Italy.
London severed diplomatic relations with Romania
Romania receive an ultimatum from the Soviet and from the German. Under threat of invasion Romania retreat from Bessarabia and North Bukovina.
World War II began with the invasion of Poland by Germany and Slovakia. Germany wanted to establish an Empire in Europe. Most of the world’s nations were involved in this war. There were two main forces in the war. T he Allies and the Axis.
“The Treaty of Trianon” – signed in Versaille was forced upon Hungary by the Allies after the war. Hungary gave up nearly three-forths of its territory to Romania, Czechoslovakia, Kindom and Serbs. Hungary ceded the hills of Transylvania to Romania.
End of World War l. Austria-Hungary and Russian Empire collapsed. Enabling Bessarabia, Bukovina and Transylvania to unite with Romania.
Two third of Romania was conquered. Moldova remained in Romanian hands.
An attempt to establish Moldovan Soviet failed. Romanian troops occupied the province.
Bulgaria and German troops occupied the port of Braila in east Romania.
Romania entered World War l on the Entente side, after their agreement to recognize Romanian right over Transylvania.
Transylvania was part of the Austria-Hungary until that time.
What started the war was the assassination on 28 June 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the throne of Hungary, and the invasion of the Austro – Hungarian to Serbia. But in fact that was an excuse to start a war. There were a long fighting about lands and political influence in Europe. Almost all the countries in Europe took sides in this war.
When the war broke out Romania declared neutrality. Two years later under the pressure of Allies, especially France, Romania joined the Allies and declared war on Austria-Hungary.
Romania joined Greece, Serbia, Montenegro and Turkey against Bulgaria. In the peace Treaty (Treaty of Bucharest) at the end of the war, Romania gained Southern Dobrudja.
Bulgaria was defeated in the Second Balkan War.
The Second Balkan War was a conflict between Bulgaria – Serbia and Greece. Romania joins this war in order to get more territories. When the Romanian approached the capital Sofia. Bulgaria asked for armistice.